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Mouzon Map of the Carolinas, 1777

March 2014

“An Accurate Map of North and South Carolina with their Indian frontiers, shewing in a distinct manner all the mountains, rivers, swamps, marshes, bays, creeks, harbours, sandbanks and soundings on the coasts, with the roads and Indian paths; as well as the boundary or provincial lines, the several townships and other divisions of the land in both the provinces; the whole from actual surveys by Henry Mouzon and others . . .”

One of the treasures held in the special collections of Presbyterian College is the map described above, which was compiled by William Henry Mouzon, Jr. based on his 1771 survey of South Carolina and surveys completed prior to that time by other cartographers.

Mouzon Map of the North and South Carolina provinces displayed in the PC Archives, 2nd edition, George L. LeRouge, Royal Geographer, Paris, 1777
Mouzon Map of the North and South Carolina provinces displayed in the PC Archives, 2nd edition, George L. LeRouge, Royal Geographer, Paris, 1777

An Accurate Map of North and South Carolina  was Henry Mouzon’s lifetime masterpiece.  He was the grandson of Louis Mouzon, a Huguenot immigrant from France to South Carolina around 1705.  Henry was born in 1741 on the north side of the Santee River at Pudding Swamp in Craven County, now known as Williamsburg County, SC.  When Henry was eight, his father died and Henry and was sent to France for the remainder of his education.  There he studied map making and civil engineering.  Upon his return to South Carolina, he was appointed by Governor Lord Charles Greville Montague to survey the boundaries of the civil districts of South Carolina.  He produced several smaller maps of the state when Mecklenburg and Tryon were added to the province.  He also surveyed the westward extension of the boundary between the two states in 1772.

Mouzon had originally planned to produce a new map of South Carolina with Ephriam Mitchell in order to correct inaccurate details they discovered during their surveys of South Carolina in 1771.  After Mitchell withdrew from the project, Mouzon proceeded to plan an original map of the colonies of both North and South Carolina “by consolidating James Cook’s 1773 map of South Carolina with John Collet’s map of North Carolina.  Mouzon drew on his recent surveys in order to show district lines in South Carolina with greater accuracy and to delineate the 1772 western extension of the boundary between the two colonies.”  He corrected faulty perspective in the watercourses and major rivers in the maps of Cook and Collet, as well as the soundings along the North Carolina coast, and placed names of the North Carolina counties so they would agree more completely with their physical boundaries. (Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, UNC Press, 1991)

detail of Mouzon’s 1777 map of North and South Carolina<br />Note three inset maps in this 2nd edition<br />~click image to enlarge~
detail of Mouzon’s 1777 map of North and South Carolina
Note three inset maps in this 2nd edition
~click image to enlarge~

The first edition of Mouzon’s map of North and South Carolina was published in London in 1775 by Sayer and Bennett and included two inset maps detailing Charleston and Port Royal.  The second edition of this map, the version owned by Presbyterian College, was published in 1777 in Paris by George L. LeRouge, a royal geographer. It is titled in French and English and includes a third inset map detailing the British attack on Fort Sullivan on June 28, 1776 [Attaques du Fort Sulivan près Charlestown dans la Caroline Méridionale par les Anglois le 28 Juin 1776 avec les camps des Amériquains]. Several British ships are represented and named off the coast of Sullivan’s Island in this third inset map.  For more information on this attack, see Fort Moultrie and the Battle of Sullivan’s Island provided online by the Charleston County Public Library.

Note family names along rivers and creeks.<br />Portion of Mouzon’s map published in Boddie’s, History of Williamsburg, The State Company, Columbia, 1923.         ~click images to enlarge~
Note family names along rivers and creeks.
Portion of Mouzon’s map published in Boddie’s, History of Williamsburg, The State Company, Columbia, 1923.         ~click images to enlarge~

In addition to the inset maps detailing the coastline of South Carolina in the 1770s, another historical jewel is the addition of the surnames of families that had settled along the rivers and creeks by that time.  On the right is a portion of Mouzon’s 1st edition map which was published in History of Williamsburg by William Willis Boddie in 1923.  Click the image for a closer view of family names in Williamsburg Township.  Kingstree is located south of the large “O” in Carolina in the center of Williamsburg township.

Mouzon’s map of North and South Carolina was used by American, British, and French forces during the American Revolution and remained the most authoritative map for North Carolina until the 1808 publication of Price and Strother’s map.  In 1777 a map of this size, 61 x 45 inches, was produced on four sheets which were then connected, as was PC’s copy of the map.  It is said that George Washington’s copy of this map was affixed to cloth and could be folded up and placed in his saddlebag.  Today, Washington’s copy is held by the American Geographical Society headquartered in New York City.   American ally, Comte de Rochambeau’s copy of the map is at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. and Henry Clinton’s copy is held by the William L. Clements Library in Ann Arbor,  Michigan.

Not only was Henry Mouzon a talented surveyor and map maker, but he also became a military officer during the American Revolution, raising a company of seventy-five troops in and around King’s Tree [South Carolina], and was later named Captain of the 3rd S.C. Regiment.  When Charleston fell to the British in May 1780, the regiment disbanded, then reformed that July under Mouzon and was attached to Col. Francis Marion’s brigade.  Several sources confirm that British General Banastre Tarleton “singled out Mouzon for exemplary punishment,” burning his mansion and fourteen outbuildings at Pudding Swamp that August.  Six weeks later on September 14, with Francis Marion at the Battle of Black Mingo Creek, Mouzon received a crippling wound that ended his service in the Revolution.  Mouzon died in 1807 and is buried at the Mouzon Cemetery eight miles northwest of  Kingstree.

This rare map was given to Presbyterian College by Charles N. Gignilliat, Jr. and Peggy Thomson Gignilliat.  Mr. Gignilliat attended PC from 1925-27 and graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1929. During his two years at PC he was a member of Pi Kappa Delta, an intercollegiate debate and public speaking fraternity and the Owl Club, a social fraternity.  He was a partner in the firm of Charles N. Gignilliat and Sons Cotton Merchants and a well known civic leader in Spartanburg, SC.  He was a life member of the Spartanburg County Historical Society and a member of the historic preservation commission of that county, as well.  The map was on display in the President’s Office at Presbyterian College for a number of years until it was moved to the Russell Arnold Archive upon it’s opening in the James H. Thomason Library in 2006.

The Mouzon map is a favorite of map enthusiasts, in fact, some visitors have come to the archives for the specific purpose of viewing this significant artifact of American history.  We welcome visitors anytime we are open!

Further reading:

William W. Boddie, History of Williamsburg, The State Company, 1923.
George Stevenson, “Mouzon, Henry Jr.”, Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press, 1991.
The Pac Sac
, Presbyterian College, 1927.

Archivists ♥ PC history

February 2014

This month we’re providing a chronological index to the Blue Notes Archive, columns that were primarily written by Nancy Snell Griffith during her years as Archives and Special Collections Librarian here at Presbyterian College.  Several of these columns were written by PC students completing internships in the Archives and by Sarah Leckie, the Archives Assistant.

Vintage Valentine c. 1945
Vintage Valentine c. 1945

February is the month of love and we hope you ♥ PC history as much as we do!  We are sending this index your way to encourage you to delve into the rich history of Presbyterian College and the people associated with our college over the years.

The Blue Notes titles listed below are in chronological order with some grouping of similar titles, while the end of each blue link gives the date each column was published.  We have added terms in [brackets] which describe the subject of the column when the title does not.  Hopefully, these links will make it easier for our readers to browse through our early columns for information about PC People, as well as historical accounts and anecdotes about Presbyterian College. Enjoy!

The Early Days of Presbyterian College

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/may-2008/

The Legacy of Women at Presbyterian College

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/june-2008/

The Turbulent 1960s and 70s

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/july-2008/

Chill Out! [Campus snow scenes]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/august-2008/

Rat Season  [Freshman Orientation]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/september-2008/

Pranks  [1913, 1960s, 1970s]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/october-2008/

Food, Glorious Food!  [PC Food Service]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/november-2008/

Christmas at PC

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/december-2008/

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/december-2009/

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/december-2010/

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/december-2011-3/

Record of Garden Successes and Failures  [William Plumer Jacobs' garden journal]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/january-2009/

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/february-2009/

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/march-2009/

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/may-2012/

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/june-2012/

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/july-2012/

Hard Times  [The Great Depression through World War II]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/aprilmay-2009/

Memories of the 1940s  [William T. Johnson ’47, World War II]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/june-2009/

William T. Johnson  [on Charles B. MacDonald, World War II]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/july-2009/

How PC Was Different 100 Years Ago Part 1

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/august-2009-part-1/

How PC Was Different 100 Years Ago Part 2  [Social Life at PC]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/august-2009-part-2/

School Spirit  [Blue Hose name, Scotsman, Alma Mater, Fight Song, Cheers & Cheerleaders]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/september-2009/

Football Legends

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/october-2009/

The College Seal and Motto

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/november-2009/

Memories of Doyle  [Mark R. McCallum '82, Judy Bolton Jarrett Brown '63, Doylian Society]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/january-2010/

Something Rubbed Off  [Charles Joyner ’56, Race Relations at PC between 1952-56]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/february-2010/

Art in the Archives

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/march-2010/

The Founder’s Library  [personal library of college founder, William Plumer Jacobs now housed in the Archives]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/april-2010/

Laurensville Female College  [Presbyterian women's school in Laurens, SC between 1843-1890]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/may-2010/

George L. Mabry Jr. ‘40 [awarded The Congressional Medal of Honor]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/june-2010/

Almon Edwin Spencer  [beloved Professor and twice interim President]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/july-2010/

Beating the Heat [air conditioning arrives on campus]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/august-2010/

Literary Societies at PC [Eukosmian and Philomathean Societies]                                                      

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/september-2010/

The Jones South Carolina Collection  [Dr. Frank Dudley Jones family book collection in the Archives]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/october-2010/

PC vs. Davidson  [Football]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/november-2010/

January for the “Greatest Generation” [World War II, Bee Mail Letters collection in the Archives]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/january-2011/

Chick Galloway, PC’s First Major Leaguer  [Baseball]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/february-2011/

Turner Map Collection  [Marvin S. "Steve" Turner '67, historic South Carolina maps in the Archives]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/march-2011-2/

Charles Woodrow “Swamp Baby” Wilson ’28  [Major League Baseball,  PC Baseball, Basketball, Football, Track, 1928 William Laval Medal]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/april-2011/

“Two-Gun” Baker  [Ken Baker Jr. ’56, Prof. Kenneth N. Baker, Walter Johnson, 19930s-40s on campus]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/may-2011/

Booe Hooe  [Coach Everett Booe, PC's first Athletic coach, Football, Track and Basketball]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/june-2011/

Other Brushes with Baseball Glory  [Lou Brissie attended PC '43-44, Coach Carl Vandagrift,  Lawrence “Coon” Weldon ’37, Elton Pollock ’95, Coach Walt Barbare, Coach Claude Crocker, Coach Edward E. Doak

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/july-2011/

Campus Housing at Presbyterian College              

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/august-2011/    Part I
http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/october-2011/  Part II

Introducing Our Archives Intern  [Tyler Todd '12]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/september-2011/

Tyler’s Research  [The Lost Cause, Confederate heritage]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/january-2012/

Dr. Anne Austin Young, PC Class of 1910  [first female Ob-Gyn physician in South Carolina]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/november-2011/

And In Walked Dr. Frank Dudley Jones!  [Jane Sturgeon ’40 scrapbook]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/february-2012/

Martha Duckett Dendy  [African-American woman, Clinton, SC]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/march-2012/

“Big Little Celtics”  [Jane Sturgeon ’40 scrapbook, Basketball]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/april-2012/

Nancy Snell Griffith  [Biographical sketch written by Teresa Inman upon Nancy's retirement]

http://www.presby.edu/library/archives/blog/august-september-2012/

 

Thanks for the memories, Nancy!

 

1891: Small group of Alumni raise funds for new dormitory

January 2014

In December of 1890,  Presbyterian College of South Carolina received a gift of sixteen acres of land from J. W. Copeland and R. Newton S. Young of Clinton, and the Presbyterian College campus began to take shape across South Broad Street from Thornwell Orphanage. 

The first building erected on the new site was Alumni Hall, now known as the old Doyle Infirmary.  This winter Alumni/Doyle Hall will be taken down 123 years after it was built.

Alumni Hall between Cottage Dormitory and the Mess Hall<br />c. 1892
Alumni Hall between Cottage Dormitory and the Mess Hall
c. 1892

This gift of land immediately sparked the first really productive action on the part of the fledgling Alumni Association which endorsed the plan to raise $2,500 to build an Alumni Hall dormitory on the new site.  J. Ferdinand Jacobs, son of the founder and an 1887 graduate was named financial agent  …[and] went right to work canvassing different parts of the state–raising funds among some of the churches as well as the small alumni body.” (The Spirit of PC, Ben Hay Hammett, 1980)

We need to remember not only that  Alumni Hall/Doyle Infirmary was built by the Alumni Association of Presbyterian College in 1891, but also that there were only 18 alumni of this college at that point in time.  After the founding of the college in 1880, PC graduated its first class of three students on July 5, 1883.  We can find no record of graduates in 1886 or 1888.  Since seven of the first 18 graduates were women, most likely without an independent income, the fundraising of the alumni is all the more impressive.  (Registrar’s Book, Presbyterian College Archives & Special Collections)

By 1892, Alumni Hall, Cottage Dormitory, and a wood frame mess hall were the only campus buildings erected on the hillside above what is now Calvert Avenue.  These buildings provided housing and food service while Recitation Hall on the Thornwell campus remained the primary academic building for the college until 1907.  Today Alumni Hall/Doyle Hall stands between Georgia Hall and Springs Campus Center in the shadow of Neville Hall.

The final cost of the first building constructed on the new campus was $2,700.  “For this sum the College gets a handsome building, three stories high, with six rooms on each floor.  Every room is finished handsomely, has commodious fireplaces, two to four windows in each room, and every room is large enough for two students … the rooms are rented at Ten dollars a year to each student.”  (Our Monthly, September, 1891)

Alumni Hall, Presbyterian College-<br />clipping of unknown source & date<br /><em>PC Archives and Special Collections</em>
Alumni Hall, Presbyterian College-
clipping of unknown source & date
PC Archives and Special Collections

The building was originally stucco, and was used as a residence hall until 1942 when alumnus Dr. E. Clay Doyle of Seneca, South Carolina, provided funds to convert it into an infirmary.  During this renovation, the original stucco exterior was replaced by red brick, and the main entrance was moved from the side to the front of the building.  After Reynolds Infirmary was built on the East Plaza in 1972, Doyle was used only for overflow student housing for several years between 1978-85, then returned to its original mission as a residence hall housing 25-28 students until it was closed in 1999 (Presbyterian College Catalogs).  Since that time Doyle has been vacant.

Mark McCallum ’82, “an original Doylian” overflow student, shared his Memories of Doyle with us for the January 2010 Blue Notes column.

Even though it is sad to see this historic building taken down, we wanted to recognize the dedication of our very first alumni to the future of their alma mater, Presbyterian College.

Old Doyle Infirmary, formerly Alumni Hall built in 1891<br />The first building erected on the Presbyterian College campus is showing its age<br />~Click any image to enlarge~
Old Doyle Infirmary, formerly Alumni Hall built in 1891
The first building erected on the Presbyterian College campus is showing its age
~Click any image to enlarge~

We welcome the comments and recollections of the alumni and friends of Presbyterian College.  Please contact us if you have additional memories or photographs of Old Doyle Infirmary/Alumni Hall that you would like to share with the college Archives.

Teresa Inman, Archives and Special Collections Librarian
Presbyterian College
tinman@presby.edu

 

 

 

 

Christmas 1943: the Aviation Training Program

December 2013

In March of 1943, the United States War Department began a pre-flight training program on the campus of Presbyterian College. Over the next sixteen months, approximately 1600 Aviation Training Program cadets attended classes and lived on campus as part of this program.

39th College Training Detachment of the Army Air Force<br />Aviation Training Cadets standing in the snow at Neville Hall on the Presbyterian College Campus, c. 1943
39th College Training Detachment of the Army Air Force
Aviation Training Cadets standing in the snow at Neville Hall on the Presbyterian College Campus, c. 1943
Brannan Woodham’s fellow cadets in the ATP<br />Close-up photo in front of Neville Hall, c. 1943<br />~click images to enlarge~
Brannan Woodham’s fellow cadets in the ATP
Close-up photo in front of Neville Hall, c. 1943
~click images to enlarge~

Studying here in complements of 400, the Aviation Training Program cadets who sat in PC classrooms totaled approximately 1,600 by the time the program ended in July, 1944.  This period of full operation brought the dining hall change from the seated family-style meals to the cafeteria system.  A separate curriculum was installed for the air cadets, to run simultaneously with PC’s regular civilian curriculum.  While the military gave overall administrative direction to its program, Dean Brown served in the extra capacity of academic director.  Some regular professors taught in both programs, and several new teachers had to be added for the pre-flight curriculum. [quoted from The Spirit of PC, Hammet, 86-87]

The cadets received special instruction in physics, mathematics, geography, navigation, and astronomy.  They also received special flight instruction to prepare them for more advanced flight training once they entered the service.

In addition to this war effort, “Presbyterian College also sent approximately 1,500 alumni into the fighting of World War II.  They served in every branch, but most of them were the infantry products of ROTC … the battles took a heavy toll–and by the time it was all over, 65 PC men had paid the ultimate price in helping to secure victory.” [Hammet, 86-87]

Brannan Woodham near Laurens Hall and the Bell Tower, c. 1943<br />A note with the photo says the patch on his sleeve is an ATP cadet emblem
Brannan Woodham near Laurens Hall and the Bell Tower, c. 1943
A note with the photo says the patch on his sleeve is an ATP cadet emblem

These photographs are part of a gift to PC from Brannan David Woodham of Alabama, one of the cadets in the program.  Mr. Woodham did not graduate from PC but went on to graduate from Alabama Polytechic Institute (Auburn University) after the war, earning a Bachelor of Industrial Management in 1949, continuing his service at Kelly Air Force Base, and ending his career as Chief of Avionics at Robins AFB.  Mr. Woodham passed away in 2010.

Of the 16 million WWII vets who returned to the U.S. after the war, approximately one million survive today and are at least in their 80s. [http://www.nationalww2museum.org]

Let’s remember those we lost in WWII during this holiday season and be sure to thank those few who remain with us for their service and their gift of freedom as we meet them on the street, at worship, or while holiday shopping.

 

Home-Coming 1925 and things discovered along the way

November 2013

Last fall we were asked about the number of Homecoming celebrations that had been held over the years at Presbyterian College.  Our best calculation after considerable research and subtraction of several years during WWII when celebrations were not held placed 2012 as the 78th year of Homecoming festivities at PC.  You might think we have lists in the Archives for this sort of information, however, most questions we receive in the Archives take detailed research and close reading in several different sources.

Football Schedule, 1925<br />Blue Stocking, Sept. 26, 1925<br />~click images to enlarge~
Football Schedule, 1925
Blue Stocking, Sept. 26, 1925
~click images to enlarge~

Last week, while perusing the bound volumes of the student newspaper, The Blue Stocking, I found in the September 26, 1925 issue, that Presbyterian was scheduled to play Oglethorpe on Home-Coming Day, Nov. 13th of that year.  The discovery of this information negates the 78th Homecoming theory.

It is not unusual for us to find interesting information when looking for something on a completely different topic.  After finding the clipping on the right,  I  followed up by reading subsequent Blue Stocking articles throughout the fall of 1925.  Click on the images for larger, easier to read views.

You might notice on the football schedule that our first game of the season in 1925 was against “Clemson at Clemson.”  Our 14-9 win that day was reported the next week as “Blue Stockings tame Tigers for first time in histry.”  Normally the paper was published and distributed on Saturdays, but this particular issue was published early, before the game – it appears that everyone wanted to attend the afternoon game at Clemson….see what I mean about finding other information in the middle of research?

Home Coming November 13<br />The Blue Stocking<br />October 24, 1925
Home Coming November 13
The Blue Stocking
October 24, 1925

A few weeks later on October 24th, The Blue Stocking reported the following:  “Plans are fast taking shape for P.C.’s greatest Home-Coming Day.  This year Home-Coming Day will be on November 13th and it’s a Friday….in addition to the football game, the Oglethorpe orchestra will perform in Clinton on the night of the 13th under the auspices of the Clinton Kiwanis Club.  Reports reaching Clinton at present from the Georgia school are that they are going to come to P.C. in force, bringing a band and approximately 100 students.  If this is the case, P.C. will need all possible support.  Make your plans now, Alumni and be in Clinton on the 13th.”

I imagine that the Oglethorpe crowd may have come to Clinton on the train during that fall of 1925.  The writer of this column actually came to PC on the train once during high school in the late 1960s. Yes, passenger service was still available between Atlanta and Clinton at that time.

Looking ahead in The Blue Stocking to the November 14 issue published the day after the Home-Coming game, we are told in the headline that the “BLUE STOCKINGS COMPLETELY OUTCLASS OGLETHORPE TEAM: However, Georgia Lads Win Hard Fought Game By One Point Margin.”  A detailed description of the game filling three long columns includes statements like, “the South Carolinians out drove, out passed, out punted and out generalled the Petrels, but the lucky S.I.A.A. champions won on two bad breaks in the second quarter” and “the fact that the Blue Stockings garnered 12 first downs to 9 for Oglethorpe is only a slight measure indicative of how the charges of Walter Johnson played rings around the much-vaunted eleven from Atlanta.”

The Editorials column for Nov. 14th has numerous short statements including this rather interesting item: “College of Father versus College of Son – may they meet again.”  This, of course, is in reference to William Plumer Jacobs’ college, Presbyterian College, playing the college of his son, Thornwell Jacobs, President of Oglethorpe College for nearly three decades, 1915-1943.  Sorry, off on a tangent again…

The Blue Stocking<br />Nov. 14, 1925
The Blue Stocking
Nov. 14, 1925

The article about the PC Alma Mater to the right was also found in the November 14th, 1925 issue of The Blue Stocking.  The Presbyterian College Alma Mater in use in 1925 had been written by  John Henry Townsend, Director of the Glee Club and other musical activities at the college.  Professor Townsend taught at PC from 1923-1926 [Presbyterian College Catalogs 1923-26].  The words to Townsend’s Alma Mater as well as our current Alma Mater written by William Plumer Jacobs III  can be found in the Blue Notes Archive, in the School Spirit column written by Nancy Griffith in  September 2009.

Near the bottom of the article on the right, one can feel the reverence with which the song was held in 1925.  This excerpt of verse two of Townsend’s Alma Mater says it all:

All honor to thy learned walls,
Thy campus and historic halls,
We’ll sing thy praise through all our days,
Our well loved Alma Mater.

If any of our readers are aware of Homecoming festivities that occurred at Presbyterian College  before 1925, we would love to hear from you in order to get the most accurate history of this event possible.  Our historical record is a group project and we appreciate your comments, recollections, and photographs.

Bob Waters, personification of the PC Spirit

 October 2013

Presbyterian College has produced many star athletes during its 125+ year history and one of the finest is Bob Waters; however, his athleticism is far from being the most remarkable thing about him.

Bob Waters with ECU Game Ball, 1958<br />PC 24 – ECU 16
Bob Waters with ECU Game Ball, 1958
PC 24 – ECU 16

Robert Lee Waters, a native of Sylvania, Georgia, earned eleven athletic letters in three sports at Screven High School.  Waters started college in 1956 at Stetson University in DeLand, Florida as a freshman quarterback, however when Stetson eliminated its football program at the end of that season, Bob Waters left Stetson after one semester. (Tribute to a Champion-the Bob Waters Legacy, Western Carolina Athletics website) 

Waters transferred to Presbyterian College in 1957 to play under Coach Frank Jones and started in the quarterback position for the next three years.  An outstanding student leader, “he compiled an excellent academic record while holding the positions of student body president and ROTC battalion executive officer.” (PC Department of Public Relations news release, 5/31/1966)  Waters had been selected for Who’s Who and Blue Key as well as participating in Pi Kappa Alpha fraternity and Block P, the college letterman’s club.  Selected as an All-American quarterback in 1959, he led the Blue Hose team to a 9-1 record during the regular season, then to the Tangerine Bowl (later Citrus, now Capital One Bowl) against Middle

Tangerine Bowl Team Fall 1959<br />~Click images to enlarge~
Tangerine Bowl Team Fall 1959
~Click images to enlarge~

Tennessee State University  in January 1960.   An account of the bowl game can be accessed online in the college yearbook, the 1960 Pac Sac, which is hosted by the Internet Archive.  After being chosen as the MVP of that game, which PC lost 21-12, Bob Waters was drafted by the San Francisco 49ers following his June graduation from Presbyterian.

According to the Los Angeles Times (5/31/1989), Waters “is remembered in California as one of the National Football League’s three original shotgun formation quarterbacks. Waters, in fact, threw the first touchdown pass ever from a shotgun formation. That was in November, 1960, when, in a 30-22 upset, the San Francisco 49ers beat the Baltimore Colts.”  The Colts had won the two previous NFL championships.

Playing in San Francisco for several years, Waters returned to Presbyterian College temporarily during the NFL’s off-season in 1962 to assist Coach Clyde Erhardt with spring football practice and track and field coaching.

Assistant Coach Bob Waters c.1966
Assistant Coach Bob Waters c.1966

In six seasons with the 49ers, Waters played offense and defense until he was sidelined with a knee injury.  Upon leaving San Francisco in 1966, Waters completed work on a Masters degree in History from Georgia Southern University.  Waters, who had met and married his wife, Sheri, in California, returned to Presbyterian as a full-time assistant coach that year, working with quarterbacks and pass offense under Coach Cally Gault.  In 1968 he accepted an assistant coaching position at Stanford University (CA).  After he was named head football coach at Western Carolina University in Cullowhee, NC, Waters and his young family returned to the east coast in 1969.  He spent the next twenty years coaching the Catamounts and serving as Director of Athletics.

“Prior to his arrival, WCU had posted only five winning football records in 20 seasons, while 13 of Waters’ 20 teams turned in winning ledgers.”  He was named Southern Conference Coach of the year in 1983 after WCU was undefeated in conference play. “In 20 seasons at the helm of the football program, he guided the Catamounts to 116 victories, produced 13 All-Americans, 54 first-team All-Southern Conference selections and brought the University more positive publicity than could ever be measured in monetary terms.” (Tribute to a Champion, WCU Athletics)

In 1984, Coach Waters was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, often referred to as Lou Gehrig’s disease.  Paying tribute to this courageous man on Bob Waters Day, November 27, 1986, during the Bronze Derby football classic, PC president, Dr. Kenneth Orr, recognized Waters’ achievements as a player and coach saying, “even more we appreciate all that he contributes to the field of athletics as a gentleman of integrity and high sportsmanship.  These attributes and his courage in the face of adversity make Bob Waters a man of special worth, whose example is an inspiration to others.” (Press Release, PC Public Relations Office, 1986)   In his remarks that day, Waters said of his family, “We have the PC Spirit.” (Presbyterian College Report, December 1986)

After Water’s six year battle against ALS, and upon his death in May 1989, Cally Gault stated, “he set a great example long before his illness.  The way he handled his life before and after his illness was an inspiration to all of us.” (Presbyterian College Report, Fall 1989 His funeral was held on the playing field at E. J. Whitmire Stadium at Western Carolina, which had been named “Bob Waters Field” in 1988 in recognition of his service to the school.

His courage and perseverance in facing a diagnosis of ALS, inspired Presbyterian College and the Scotsman Club in 1987 to establish the Bob Waters Award, honoring PC alumni in the athletic coaching profession who personify the values and qualities of excellence and integrity held dear to Presbyterian College.  Bob Waters was a living example.

In looking through his file in the Archives, I noticed his response on an Alumni form he filled out in June of 1984 to the question:  “What was the most positive aspect of your PC Experience?”  His response was simply put: “Football.”  While he is certainly remembered at PC and elsewhere for his skill as a football player, he is remembered even more for his sportsmanship, his integrity, and his courage.


PC Football, a 100 Year Tradition

September 2013

This fall marks the 100th year of intercollegiate football on the Presbyterian College campus.  We’d like to share a list of the fifteen men who have served Presbyterian as Head Football Coach, as well as information on the PC alumni who have been awarded the Bob Waters Award by the Scotsman’s Club.

The coaches listed below represent a small fraction of the men who have shaped or have been shaped by the football program at Presbyterian College.  Not only have there been too many beloved assistant coaches to name here, but several eventually became PC’s head football coach themselves.  Many other talented assistant coaches have served PC over the years, some who went on to coach high school and other college teams.

PC Football Head Coaches:
Gault with his assistant coaches in 1966<br />L-R Billy Tiller, Cally Gault, Joe Nixon, Bob Waters
Gault with his assistant coaches in 1966
L-R Billy Tiller, Cally Gault, Joe Nixon, Bob Waters

Everett Booe 1913
Erling C. Theller 1914
Walter Johnson 1915-1917
Gifford Shaw 1918
Walter Johnson 1919-1940
Lonnie McMillian 1941-1953
Bill Crutchfield 1954-1956
Frank Jones 1957-1961
Clyde Erhardt 1962
Cally Gault 1963-1984
Elliott Poss 1985-1990
John Perry 1991-1996
Daryl Dickey 1997-2000
Tommy Spangler 2001-2006
Bobby Bentley 2007-2008
Harold Nichols 2009-present

A large number of our student athletes have also made their mark on coaching at the college and high school levels.  In the 1970s it was thought that over fifty coaches in South Carolina were Presbyterian College graduates, many of whom played under Lonnie McMillian (John Marett Outz, History of Intercollegiate Football at Presbyterian College, 1975).  These seeds of the PC Spirit have been scattered all over the southeast, some as far away as Texas and beyond.

Eleven Presbyterian College alumni have been honored as recipients of the Bob Waters Award, named in honor of Robert Lee Waters, PC class of 1960.  An upcoming column will more fully explore Bob Waters’ life and legacy.  The award established in his name by Presbyterian College and the Scotsman’s Club is presented to

PC alumni who have provided outstanding leadership and service to society in the
profession of athletic coaching and who personify the values and qualities of excellence
and integrity held dear to Presbyterian College.

The recipients of the Bob Waters Award include the following men and women:

John McKissick ‘51:  current head football coach at Summerville (SC) High School, serving for over 61 years; most wins [600+] in United States football history

Art Baker ‘53:  former head football coach at East Carolina University (NC), Furman University (SC), and The Citadel (SC); former assistant coach at Clemson University (SC), Texas Tech University, and Florida State University; retired from University of South Carolina Athletics as Associate Athletic Director and Gamecock Club Director

Keith Richardson ‘64:  former head football coach at Clinton (SC) High School; won over 200 games and six state championships

Charlie Davidson ’50:  former head football coach at Washington Wilkes (GA) High School and Darlington School (GA); led Washington Wilkes to four state championships in football and several in golf; won over 250 football games

Allen Morris ’56:  former head tennis coach at University of North Carolina and Presbyterian College; was also a quarter finalist at Wimbledon in 1956

Shell Dula ’69:  former head football coach at Greenwood (SC) High School, Union (SC) High School, and Ninety Six (SC) High school; won six state championships; currently serves as Executive Director of the SC Athletic Coaches Association

John Franklin Thames ‘58:  42 years as head coach in different sports at Manning (SC) High School; won two state championships as women’s basketball coach

Luther Welsh ’55:  former head football coach at Thomson (GA) High School; won over 333 games and three state titles for Thomson; ranked 4th all time in victories among coaches in GA

William “Lefty” Johnson ’56:  former head football coach at Whitmire (SC) High School; led Whitmire to state championship in 1978

Barbara Frady Nelson ’85:  former head women’s basketball coach, Wingate University (NC); coach of the USA team winning gold medal at the FIBA U17 World Championship in France

Sam Paul ’83:  current men’s tennis coach at the University of North Carolina; active coach with most wins in the ACC; and the fourth winningist coach in league history with his 324 overall wins and his 122 ACC regular-season victories; Paul achieved his 300th victory in March 2011

The Bob Waters Award honors our PC graduates coaching not only football, but any sport for men or women at the high school or college level.  These eleven alumni have been living examples of excellence and integrity for countless others who work with our young people on athletic fields and courts everyday.


WPJ Online: a “link” to the past

August 2013

The Presbyterian College Archives is happy to announce that several texts related to William Plumer Jacobs, the founder of Presbyterian College and Thornwell Orphanage, have been digitized and are available for viewing on the World Wide Web  at the Internet Archive.

The South Carolina Digital Library and PASCAL (Partnership Among SC Academic Libraries) have funded the scanning and processing of  approximately 25,000 pages from historic texts in libraries and museums around South Carolina over the summer.  This year’s project has been coordinated by LYRASIS, a regional library network working with the Internet Archive to host the digitized materials.

The project accepted several items for digitization from the collections of Presbyterian College. Three books and the early volumes of Farm and Garden, a periodical later renamed Our Monthly, were included in the project this summer:

The Diary of William Plumer Jacobs, Thornwell Jacobs, ed., Oglethorpe University Press, [Atlanta, Georgia], 1937.
Beginning in 1858 at the age of fifteen, William Plumer Jacobs wrote about his early years in Charleston, South Carolina.  He keep this diary into his 75th year, recording historical information related to Clinton and Laurens County, as well as Thornwell Orphanage and Presbyterian College, the institutions he founded in the upstate. Dr. Jacobs’ diary was edited and published by his son, Thornwell Jacobs, in 1937.

William Plumer Jacobs: Literary and Biographical, Thornwell Jacobs, ed, Oglethorpe University Press, 1942. 
This book was assembled to celebrate the one hundredth anniversary of the birth of William Plumer Jacobs by his son, Thornwell.  Included are personal recollections of Clinton throughout Dr. Jacobs’ lifetime, the story of Thornwell Orphanage, editorials and selected articles from Our Monthly, and literary essays written by Dr. Jacobs covering topics as varied as a trip To Jerusalem “and the Regions Beyond,” the last will and testament of Dr. Jacobs, sketches of the older “homes” of the orphanage, and a Thornwell Orphanage Founders Day tribute to Dr. Jacobs given by Dr. A. T. Jamison ten years after his death.  [Amazon calls this "Volume Two in the William Plumer Jacobs Series. Volume One is The Diary Of William Plumer Jacobs."]

The Story of Thornwell Orphanage, Clinton, South Carolina, 1875-1925, L. Ross Lynn, Presbyterian Committee of Publication, Richmond, 1924.
A history of Thornwell Orphanage written by L. Ross Lynn for the Thornwell Orphanage Semi-Centennial at the request of the Board of Trustees.  This book covers the history of the first fifty years of Thornwell Orphanage.

Farm and Garden:  An Agricultural Newspaper devoted to the improvement of our sunny South, 1867-1872, volumes 1-7.
Originally published on a monthly schedule, Farm and Garden became Our Monthly in April of 1872.  It contains agricultural information and news of Thornwell Orphanage and the Clinton community. It provides a glimpse into Reconstruction Era South Carolina shortly after the War between the States.  Advertisements for sewing machines, shotguns, fertilizer, seed catalogs, and other items were included, as well as book reviews and inspirational items.

The seven volumes of Farm and Garden served as a monthly fundraising publication for Thornwell Orphanage between 1867-1872. Perhaps we will have the opportunity to digitize the remaining 40+ volumes of Our Monthly at some point in the future.

It is wonderful to have the opportunity to read these old materials online.   Moreover, it is extremely helpful for researchers and librarians to have the ability to search within these texts by entering a specific word, phrase, or name, in order to locate a topic within the text.  Many older books have no index and one must read the entire work to determine whether a person or topic is mentioned in the publication.

Read Dr. Jacobs’s Diary online – search the text for a word or “phrase”. Yellow pointers display pages containing searched words.  Excerpt from Wednesday, June 19, 1861, on page 80 below.
Read Dr. Jacobs’s Diary online – search the text for a word or “phrase”. Yellow pointers display pages containing searched words.  Excerpt from Wednesday, June 19, 1861, on page 80 below.

For example, did Dr. Jacobs ever mention his garden (for which he kept a series of detailed journals) in his diary?

To read or search The Diary of William Plumer Jacobsclick on the “Read online” link, enter (for example) the word garden in the “Search inside” box above the title page,  and click on GO.   Small yellow pointers appear across the bottom of the page.  Touch your computer mouse on each yellow pointer to see a short excerpt of the text surrounding the word “garden” or click each pointer to visit each page showing the word “garden.”  These images illustrate what you will see when viewing the “Read online” version of the book.

Turn the pages by sweeping the mouse (or your finger on mobile devices) right to left across the page, just like turning the pages of a book.  Arrows at the bottom of the page can also be used to turn pages.

Search tips:
* PDF, Kindle, and other versions are also available for these texts.
* To search a specific phrase, place it in “quotation marks.” For example, “garden of Eden” returns only one page in the Diary.

The items above will also become part of One Man’s Dream -  William Plumer Jacobs and Clinton, South Carolina,  in the South Carolina Digital Library.  The SCDL collection includes numerous images of Jacobs, Thornwell Orphanage, and Presbyterian College.

At times, using technology can be daunting, but in this case, it allows us to share meaningful resources written by our founder on a broad scale with our constituents all over the world.

Leroy Springs Swimming Pool

July 2013

On the Presbyterian College campus, the July heat brings back memories of the Leroy Springs Swimming Pool.

image from <em>Quarterly Bulletin, Presbyterian College of SC</em><br />Vol. XXIV, no. 3, September, 1926
image from Quarterly Bulletin, Presbyterian College of SC
Vol. XXIV, no. 3, September, 1926

Davison M. Douglas, the ninth president of Presbyterian College, believed in the importance and value of physical activity as a part of the educational process.  In 1913, the second year of his tenure, the football and basketball programs were started on campus.  After World War I, the PC student body had grown to approximately 150 students and plans were made by Douglas to build a dormitory, a dining hall, and a gymnasium.

Colonel Leroy Springs<br />1924 PaC-SaC dedication
Colonel Leroy Springs
1924 PaC-SaC dedication

Colonel Leroy Springs, a Lancaster, South Carolina cotton manufacturer and close personal friend of Dr. Douglas, donated $100,000 for the construction of a gymnasium.  It was planned by fitness experts of the day to include the latest design concepts for sports facilities and it became a reality in 1924.  Enthusiastic students dedicated their next yearbook in honor of the donor (Spirit of PC, 42).

Dr. Douglas defended the high cost of the gymnasium in an Atlanta Constitution article on January 21, 1923, stating. . .

“The cost of the gymnasium will be greater than that of the dormitory because while a college may build, in the course of time, several dormitories, it will have but one gymnasium and it should be [built] for all time.”

Pool and decking were covered with one inch mosaic tiles
Pool and decking were covered with one inch mosaic tiles

In 1929, Colonel Springs made another gift to the college and a regulation swimming pool was built adjacent to the gymnasium.  It was completed at a cost of approximately $50,000 and was considered one of the finest pools in the South.  At the time it was built, it was the only indoor pool on a college campus (Postcard History Series: Laurens County, Arcadia, 2007, 85).

The June 1929 issue of the Quarterly Bulletin of the Presbyterian College of SC stated that the “beautiful swimming pool being added to Springs Gymnasium would be ready for use September first, 1929.”  That November, the new pool complex was dedicated on Thanksgiving day during Homecoming festivities.

Swimming Team, 1933 Pac Sac
Swimming Team, 1933 Pac Sac

In 1933, the college yearbook reported that swimming had been added to the intercollegiate sports lineup on campus.  Coach Walter A. Johnson was responsible for adding the new sport and the first swimming meet was scheduled on March 7 of that year against Furman.

After the construction of Templeton Physical Education Center in 1974, Springs Gymnasium was primarily used for intramural sports.  In 1984 a massive renovation of Springs Gymnasium and Pool connected  the two buildings forming Springs Campus Center.   Windows along the first floor allowed one to look from the pool into the campus center, canteen, and bookstore.  An open area on the opposite side of the pool provided space for sunbathing.

Springs pool after 1984 renovation
Springs pool after 1984 renovation

In 2008, Springs Campus Center was once again renovated.  Offices of the Campus Life staff were moved from Douglas House to the upper floors of Springs, the bookstore was relocated to uptown Clinton, the food service area was expanded, and the mosaic tile pool was drained and covered over with flooring in order to provide a spacious fitness center for the college.  The pool remains below the floor of the fitness center where one can still get a glimpse of the “shallow end” through the floor.

 

Click the images  to enlarge.  Also, please note that the Presbyterian College Magazine, Blue Stocking and Pac Sac have been digitized and are available for online viewing at the Internet Archive [www.archive.org].

A Sampling of Presbyterian Attitudes Towards Slavery in the 1850s

June 2013

Longtime Archives and Special Collections Assistant, Sarah M. Leckie began graduate work on her Masters at the USC School of Library and Information Science last fall. This spring she conducted research using the PC Archives’ Historical Pamphlet Collection for a presentation and paper for a Special Collections Librarianship course.  Sarah has written this month’s column focusing on the information she found dealing with this sensitive topic.

Since Thomas Paine anonymously published Common Sense in 1776, pamphlets have provided Americans from all walks of life with a means to share their thoughts and opinions on all sorts of issues, such as slavery, suffrage, education, and religion.  In the 19th century, as printing costs went down and the US population grew, the use of pamphlets as a means of communicating ideas skyrocketed.  Often these pamphlets began as sermons or speeches which, at the urging of supporters, the authors subsequently published.  In fact, historical pamphlets could be compared to the blogs of today, in that many of them were published by and represented the views of individuals.

Historical pamphlet on slavery
Historical pamphlet on slavery

Presbyterian College Archives contains a large collection of historical pamphlets, many of which were originally collected by the college’s founder, William Plumer Jacobs.  Of the 600 pamphlets in the collection, more than 60 address the issue of slavery, and of those, 20 were published during the 1850s, a decade when key events leading up to the Civil War took place, including the Supreme Court’s Dred Scott decision and the Lincoln-Douglas debates.  The majority of those 20 pamphlets were written by members of the clergy.  This column will examine the seven that were written by Presbyterian ministers.

In Our Danger and Duty (1850), Charleston pastor Abner Porter asserted that the Northern states were intent on ruining the South and compared the Southern states to the Old Testament’s twelve tribes of Israel.  He identified South Carolina as Judah, “alone, solitary, the one faithful to herself and to all” in defending slavery (p. 9).  Meanwhile, Northern pastors Ichabod Spencer (Fugitive Slave Law: the Religious Duty of Obedience to Law, 1850) and Henry Boardman (The American Union, 1851) were hesitant to condemn slavery.  In fact, both men supported compromise with the South, citing the Fugitive Slave Law as the sort of appeasement that was necessary to avoid civil war, which both saw as a greater evil than slavery.  Another Northern proponent of compromise was Nathan Lord, president of Dartmouth College in New Hampshire from 1828 to 1863.  The collection includes two pamphlets written by Lord; in one, he referred to slavery as “a wholesome and necessary ordinance of God” (Letter of Inquiry to Ministers of the Gospel of All Denominations, on Slavery, 1854, p. 27), and in the other he called slaves “undisciplined and barbarous hordes” (A Northern Presbyter’s Second Letter to Ministers of the Gospel of All Denominations on Slavery, 1855, p. 21) who benefited from the civilizing influence of their masters.

James H. Thornwell
James H. Thornwell

Other authors represented in this collection had close ties to Presbyterian College.  In The Rights and Duties of Masters (1850), a sermon by James Henley Thornwell, who was a professor and a friend of William Plumer Jacobs, Thornwell argued that slavery did not strip a man of his rights any more than any other social arrangement in which participants were not absolutely equal.  It is uncomfortable to realize that the man making this argument was so admired by Jacobs that he named Thornwell Orphanage (which Jacobs founded) in his honor.

 

Ferdinand Jacobs
Ferdinand Jacobs

Even more discomfiting, Ferdinand Jacobs, the father of William Plumer Jacobs, presented his justification of slavery in The Committing of Our Cause to God (1850), contending that the Declaration of Independence’s statement that all men are created free and equal was “manifestly erroneous” (p. 7).

From the perspective granted by over a century and a half, it is easy for modern readers to condemn both those statements and the men who made them.  Unquestionably, the statements themselves deserve condemnation and repudiation.  However, the men who made them must be viewed as multi-faceted human beings who were products of their time and place.  They were in the middle of a tumultuous time in the history of our nation, and every option for resolving the issues at hand seemed fraught with peril.  In fact, in some aspects the 1850s are startlingly similar to the present – in both time periods, a divided electorate is dealing with political and social upheaval.  The pamphlets discussed here offer a fascinating glimpse into the national conversation that was taking place during the 1850s as the people of the United States wrestled not only with the issue of slavery but also with concerns about whether their fellow Americans were people of good character and good will.  The accusations that flew back and forth seem all too familiar to us today, and they offer an interesting perspective on current national controversies and the ways in which they are addressed.