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Davison M. Douglas, 1911-1926

Davison McDowell Douglas<br />June 20, 1869- August 1, 1931
Davison McDowell Douglas
June 20, 1869- August 1, 1931

Davison McDowell Douglas became the ninth president of Presbyterian College in 1911, arriving from the Maryland Avenue Presbyterian Church in Baltimore.  He was a graduate of Davidson College and Columbia Seminary, received an MA degree from the University of South Carolina, and completed additional post-graduate work at Princeton and Johns Hopkins.  During his fifteen year tenure, both the student body and the size of the faculty tripled in size, the faculty elevated to twenty members, and four new buildings were completed, Spencer Dormitory (1912), Wm. P. Jacobs Science Hall and Library (1915), Smyth Dormitory (1924), and Leroy Springs Gymnasium (1924).

A man of vision, President Douglas engaged Charles W. Leavitt, Jr. of New York City, a landscape engineer of national reputation, to lay out a plan for the West Plaza during his first year as president.  The campus was described as “four buildings set back in a streetless field called a campus” (In Memoriam: Davison McDowell Douglas, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, January, 1932, 21).  A cotton field and Professor Martin’s cow barn near Neville Hall were replaced by a green plaza with avenues on either side.  Scores of trees were planted giving the campus much of its present beauty (Hammet, Spirit of PC, 32).  Mr. Leavitt returned to campus often as a visitor and friend of Dr. Douglas.

The Leavitt Plan, detail, 1917<br />Quarterly Bulletin of the Presbyterian College of SC
The Leavitt Plan, detail, 1917
Quarterly Bulletin of the Presbyterian College of SC

The endowment increased during the Douglas years from $5,000 to almost $300,000.  President Douglas “believed in the value of physical activity as an integrated part of the educational process … fundamental to this should be an expanded program of sound intercollegiate athletics which would make PC more attractive to young men,” and the college lifted the ban on intercollegiate football in 1913 (Hammet, 34).

The ban on intercollegiate football by the Board of Trustees beginning in 1909, stemmed from a lack of eligibility requirements and uncontrolled practices where men were hired to play on teams, despite the regulations of the State Association of Colleges for Athletics which had been formed at the turn of the century.  The baseball schedule was limited to ten games, seven of which were to be played on home ground.  After the ban on intercollegiate football was lifted in 1913, the trustees appropriated $1,000 to re-condition a field for football. The field was located where Springs Gymnasium, built in 1924, now stands.

Leaving Presbyterian College a much stronger college, Dr. Douglas resigned in 1926 to become the president of the University of South Carolina.  A. E. Spencer once again served as interim president for six months.  Davison M. Douglas died in Columbia in 1931.