James H. Thomason Library

ARTH 210: Medieval Art and Architecture                    Library Guide

Reference Sources


Entry of Christ into Jerusalem; detail of window from the west facade, Chartres Cathedral. stained glass, c.1150.

Image source: ARTstor Image Database

  Print Encyclopedias & Dictionaries
  Online Encyclopedias & Dictionaries
  Companions, Handbooks
  Citation Style
Locating Books
  eBook Collections
  PASCAL catalog
  WorldCat & Interlibrary Loan
Locating Articles & Criticism
  Journal Articles
  Journal Finder
Image Databases
  ARTstor, Bridgeman, CAMIO
Web Sites

Get Help

denotes recommended resource

Reference Sources    

Print Encyclopedias, Dictionaries

  back to top

Dictionary of Art, Grove's Dictionaries, 1996.

[34 volumes]
Main Level, Reference: R 703 D561D
Although titled "Dictionary," this comprehensive encyclopedia covers all aspects of the visual arts worldwide throughout time. Use the index in volume 34 to reference all occurrences of a topic in this set.

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Alexander P. Kazhdan, editor in chief.. New York : Oxford University Press, 1991.    (3 volumes)

Main Level, Reference: R 949.503 Ox2O

The Dictionary of Symbols in Western Art, Facts on File, 1995.
Main Level, Reference: R 704.946 C23D

The Bulfinch Guide to Art History, Little, Brown & Co., 1996.
Main Level, Reference: R 703 B871B
A comprehensive survey and dictionary of Western art and architecture

Signs and Symbols in Christian Art. Oxford University Press, 1955.
Main Level, Reference: R 704.9482 F381S

Dictionary of the Middle Ages. Joseph R. Strayer, edior. Scribner, 1982-1989.

[13 volumes plus 1 supplement].

Main Level, Reference: R 909.07 D561D

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages. Andre Vauchez, editor. Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 2000. Main Level, Reference: R 909.07 En19E  (2 vols.).

Encyclopedia of the Byzantine Empire. Jennifer Lawler Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2004.

Main Level, Reference: R 949.502 L423E

Medieval England: An Encyclopedia
. Paul E. Szarmach, M. Teresa Tavormina, and Joel T. Rosenthal, editors.
Garland Pub., 1998.

Main Level, Reference: R 942 M468M

Medieval France: An Encyclopedia. William W. Kibler ... [et al.], editors. Garland Pub., 1995.   

Main Level, Reference: R 944.003 M468M



Encyclopedia of Society and Culture in the
Medieval World.
Pam J. Crabtree, editor in chief.
Facts On File, 2008.

Main Level, Reference: R 909.07 En19E2  (4 volumes).

Online Encyclopedias & Dictionaries   back to top


Medieval Art: A Topical Dictionary. Leslie Ross. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996.

The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Global Medieval Life and Culture. Joyce E. Salisbury, editor. Greenwood Press, 2009. [EBSCO eBook Academic Collection].

Companions, Handbooks    

The Oxford Companion to Christian Art and Architecture. Peter and Linda Murray. Oxford:Oxford U. Press, 1996. Main Level, Reference: R 704.9482 M965O  

Citation Style   back to top

The Chicago Manual of Style Online 16th edition. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2010.
We also have the PRINT edition, located in Ready Reference (behind Reference Desk) and in the Reference Collection. R 808.027 C432C

Writing Center, Presbyterian College
Citation styles, writing guides, and scheduling an appointment with a tutor.


Locating Books   back to top

Use THOMCAT, the online catalog, to locate books in Thomason Library. You can search by author, title, keyword, or subject.

  • Search for a person, as AUTHOR or SUBJECT, with last name, then first name (for more contemporary western names). Some historical names can be search by name, then title (see example for Charlemagne below).             
  Camille, Michael    [as AUTHOR]
  Suger, Abbot of Saint Denis, 1081-1151    [as SUBJECT]
  Charlemagne Emperor 742 814 [as SUBJECT]
  Giotto, 1266?-1337 -- Criticism and interpretation

  • SUBJECT searching requires use of Library of Congress subject headings. The terms below are examples of subject headings related to medieval art & architecture.
  Art, Medieval
  Art, Early Christian
  Art, Byzantine
  Art, Byzantine -- Exhibitions
  Art, Gothic
  Painting, Gothic
  Architecture, Gothic
  Architecture, Medieval
  Illumination of books and manuscripts
  Illumination of books and manuscripts, Gothic

Subject searching is an effective and precise method of searching the catalog, however, KEYWORD searching has benefits, also.

  • Try a KEYWORD search if you are unsure of the exact title or the correct subject heading to use. Search using two or three of the most significant words from the title or subject you are trying to find. Place phrases in "quotation marks."

  • Connect words with AND, OR, NOT to focus your search.
  • Try truncation at the end of a word stem to retrieve singular, plural, and other variations of the word.  Use an asterisk (*) to truncate from 1 to 5 characters. Use a double asterisk (**) to include word endings with an unlimited number of characters.
KEYWORD Searching Tips

· Add * to the root of a word to truncate or expand a term:
mosaic* = mosaic, mosaics

· Use AND between words to narrow your search:
AND painting*

· Use OR between words to expand your search

medieval OR middle ages

group "OR" terms with parentheses ( )when combined with an "AND" statement

(medieval OR middle ages) AND painting*
AND (medieval OR gothic)

illumination AND (book* OR manuscript*)

Try KEYWORD searching with ThomCat, other library catalogs

and the library's journal databases.

eBook Collections    

EBSCO eBook Collections

Use this link to search BOTH the EBSCO eBook Academic Collection (over 80,000 titles) and the EBSCO eBook Collection (approximately 8,000 titles). These collections of full-text ebooks provide coverage of a wide range of disciplines.

ebrary eBook Collection 
Approximatley 70,000 electronic books covering a vast array of topics and themes.










PASCAL Catalog back to top

PASCAL Catalog

If you need books in addition to those found at Thomason Library, try your search here for books in other academic libraries in SC. Through PASCAL Delivers  you can order books online for delivery within 3-4 working days. This service for current PC students, faculty, and staff is a project of PASCAL- Partnership Among SC Academic Libraries. Borrowers will be notified by e-mail when requested items arrive at Thomason Library. Click here for searching and ordering tips.

WorldCat & Interlibrary Loan (ILL) back to top


A catalog of books and materials at libraries worldwide. Try searching here to find ALL books available on a topic. Materials available at Thomason Library are highlighted and others can be borrowed through ILL or searched in PASCALCAT.

Interlibrary Loan

ILL is available to PC students, faculty and staff in order to share resources between libraries. Check link for instructions.

Journal Articles, Essays, Book Chapters   back to top

Academic Search Complete

Scholarly, multi-disciplinary full-text database, with more than 8,500 full-text periodicals, including more than 7,300 peer-reviewed journals

An archive of over 350 full-text journals which can be searched at this site. Other PC databases link to JSTOR articles through Journal Finder, which guides the user to full-text articles. As an archive, JSTOR does not provide the most current three to five year issues of the journals as specified by the publishers in their agreements with JSTOR. Many journals in JSTOR are covered back to the first volume/year of publication (with some dating back to the 19th Century).

Project MUSE Basic Undergraduate Collection  
Current and recent volumes of 112 core journals in the humanities and social sciences.


Journal Finder   back to top

Journal Finder provides access to PC's electronic and print journals, magazines, and newspapers in one convenient location.

Your search results in the Library's article databases contain many direct links

(in pdf or html format) to article full-text. If not, use the Journal Finder link on the Library's home page to search by Journal Title to determine if we have access to the journal for the date that you need.


Example of an article citation:

Nees, Lawrence. "  On Carolingian Book Painters:    The Ottoboni Gospels and Its Transfiguration Master." Art Bulletin 83.2 (2001): 207-239.

If you have a citation and are trying to find the article, click the Journal Finder link below and follow these steps to determine whether full-text is available for the article you need:


  • Note the date of the journal issue you need before following Journal Finder link.
  • Default search is Title Begins With. Type the title of the journal or magazine in the empty box below (example:Philological Quarterly).
  • You may need to select your title from the results. Click on the title you seek.
  • Note the "dates available" in a Full Text category. Click on a database that covers the date you need.
  • Choose year and issue OR volume and issue, then look through the contents of that issue for the article you need. Articles are usually listed in page number order and are available in HTML or PDF format.
 Image Databases    

ARTstor Initiated at the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the ARTstor Digital Library is comprised of approximately 300,000 digital images of visual material from different time-periods, cultures, and disciplines derived from several source collections that are the product of collaborations with libraries, museums, photographic archives, publishers, slide libraries, and individual scholars.  These source collections include The Carnegie Arts of the U. S., The Huntington Archive of Asian Art, The Illustrated Bartsch, The Mellon International Dunhuang Archive, and The Museum of Modern Art (New York) Architecture and Design Collection. ARTstor provides a wide range of visual materials for educational and scholarly use, and broader access to images of important art, architecture, design and archeological objects.















almer, B

Bridgeman Art Library Archive  [CREDO Reference], Bridgeman Art Library, 2008.
An outstanding archive of images drawn from collections throughout the world. Every subject, concept, style and medium is represented, from the masterpieces of national museums to the hidden treasures of private collections. Fine art as well as design, antiques, maps, architecture, furniture, glass, ceramics, anthropological artifacts and many others are featured in the collection.


CAMIO (Catalog of Art Museum Images Online)

Contains fine art and decorative art from pre-history through contemporary works. All content is rights-cleared for educational use in the classroom or to illustrate papers, Web projects and other assignments. a. 21

(4) Winter 1987-1988: 318-48.

Web Sites   back to top


Images of Medieval Art and Architecture : Medieval Architecture  University of Pittsburgh.

Medieval Architecture in France.  University of Pittsburgh.

Medieval Art: Thematic Essays. Metropolitan Musuem of Art.

Animals in Medieval Art   Metropolitan Museum of Art.



Get Help   back to top
Stop by the
Reference Desk

Sara Rowe 833-8313
Dan Lee 833-8437


Hours: 8.30 am - 10 pm for research questions & assistance. Personal appointments also available.
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