James H. Thomason Library


Scientifc Writing and Presentation

Reference Sources
  Encyclopedias & Dictionaries in print
  E-Reference Books & Collections
  Writing Guide & CSE Style
Locating Books
       WorldCat & I.L.L.
Locating Articles
  Article Databases
  Key Journals
  Journal Finder
Internet Sources
  News Sources
  Professional Associations

Class Documents

Get Help

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See also HEALTH/MEDICINE Biology 399 Guide
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Reference Sources    
Print Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, and Handbooks   back to top

For background information and definitions refer to the following library reference works and online reference collections:

Dictionary of Botany, Van Nostrand Reinhold Col, 1980.
Main Level, Reference: R 581.03 L727D

Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Wiley, 1995.
Main Level, Reference: R 576.03 Si64D

Elsevier’s Dictionary of Biology, Elsevier, 1998.
Main Level, Reference: R 570.3 El76E

The Facts on File Dictionary of Biology, Facts on File, 1999.
Main Level, Reference: R 570.3 F119F

Henderson’s Dictionary of Biological Terms, Prentice Hall, 2000.
Main Level, Reference: R 570.3 H383H


Encyclopedia of Evolution, Oxford Univ. Press, 2002.
Main Level, Reference: R 576.8 En19E [2 vols]

Encyclopedia of Genetics, Fitzroy Dearborn, 2001.
Upper Level: 576.5 En19E

Encyclopedia of Microbiology, Academic Press, 2000.
Main Level, Reference:
R 579 En19E [4 vols]

Grzimek’s Animal Life Encyclopedia, Gale, 2003.
Main Level, Reference: R 590.3 G929G [17 vols]

The Biologist’s Handbook of Pronunciations, Thomas, 1960.
Main Level, Reference: R 574.03 J175B

Biology Data Book, FASEB, 1972.
Main Level, Reference: R 574.0212 Al79B [3 vols]
A compilation of present numerical data of biology and medicine in a convenient and accessible reference which standardizes accepted constants as a basis for correlation, establishes common standards for statistical studies, and provides normal values for research.

  Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia (Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopeida)

Birds of North America, American Ornithologists' Union, 1992-.
Upper Level:
598.05 B532B [7 vols]

The Complete Audubon, Volair Books, 1979.
Main Level, Reference: R 598.2973 Au29C [5 vols]
A precise replica of the complete works of John James Audubon, comprising the Birds of America (1840-44) and the Quadrupeds of North America (1851-54) in their entirety.

CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference, CRC Press, 1999.
Main Level, Reference: R 581.63 J637C

Microscopic Anatomy of  Invertebrates, Wiley-Liss, 1991-.
Main Level, Reference: R 592.08 M583M [15 vols]

Muybridge’s Complete Human and Animal Locomotion, Constable, 1979.
Main Level, Reference: R 591.1852 M987M [3 vols]



Muybridge's Complete Human and Animal Locomotion (Hardcover) ~ E... Cover Art


Periodical Title Abbreviations: by Abbreviation, Gale, 2007.
Main Level, Reference:
R 050.148 P418P  v.1

Periodical Title Abbreviations: by Title, Gale, 2007.
Main Level, Reference:
R 050.148 P418P  v.2

E-Reference Books & Collections - Biological Topics   back to top

Access Science [McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, Online edition], 2008.
Search or browse McGraw-Hill's Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, 10th edition.  A total redesign gathers and synthesizes vast amounts of information, and organizes it to give you fast, easy and accurate access to authoritative articles in all major areas of science and technology.


CREDO Reference

back to top


Search all

CREDO Reference titles here or individual titles

like these:


Cambridge Dictionary of Human Biology and Evolution, Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Covers human biology, physical anthropology, anatomy, auxology, primatology, physiology, genetics, paleontology, and zoology.

Dictionary of Developmental Biology and Embryology,Wiley, 2002.
Focuses on the terms, research, history, and people of this field.

Encyclopedia of Paleontology, Fitzroy Dearborn, 1999.

Covers both vertebrate and invertebrate paleontology. Entries are devoted to explanations of paleontological concepts and techniques, examinations of the evolutionary development of particular organisms and biological features, profiles of major discoveries, and biographies of leading scientists. Each entry includes an essay and a further reading list.

Guide to the Oceans, Philip's, 2004.

Guide to Seashells of the World, Philip's, 2004.





Book Cover


Gale Virtual Reference Library   



Gale Virtual Reference Library


All titles in this collection,

including several Medical encyclopedias


Biology , Macmillan Reference, 2002.
Online edition of four volume set with entries on all aspects of biological science, including history, issues, careers, individuals, as well as topics from active transport to zoology research. Full-color photos and line drawings and a glossary of scientific terms.

Beacham's Guide to the Endangered Species of North America, Gale, 2001.

Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy, Macmillan Reference, 2009.




Oxford Reference Online             please logout when finished-5 users only  



All titles

in Oxford Reference Online



Dictionary of Ecology 3RD Edition Cover



A Dictionary of Biology, 2008.
Also available Main Level, Reference: R 570.3 D561D [2000]

Dictionary of Ecology, 2010.
Also available Main Level, Reference: R 577.02 D561D [1998]

A Dictionary of Genetics, 2007.
Also available Main Level, Reference: R 576.503 K586D [2002]

A Dictionary of Plant Sciences, 2006.

A Dictionary of Zoology, 2009.

Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2008.

new edition includes definitions of terms from the fields of Bioinformatics, Biophysics, Cell Biology, Chemistry, Genetics, Immunology, Mathematics, Microbiology, Pharmacology, Systems Biology, and Toxicology. Entries are short and informative, covering details of biochemical substances and the processes in which they are involved, methods and concepts in molecular biology, and definitions of biochemical symbols and abbreviations.

A Dictionary of Animal Behavior, 2006.

Encyclopedia of Mammals, 2007.
Covers the behaviour, diet, distribution, and evolution of every known living mammal in the world in clear, accessible language, and is superbly illustrated throughout with photographs and original artwork.

Encycloepdia of Underwater Life, 2005.
Coverage of the fish and aquatic invertebrates that inhabit our rivers, lakes, and oceans, describing in detail the anatomy, behaviour, habitat, breeding, and conservation status of species from single-celled organisms to gigantic powerhouses of the deep.

New Encyclopedia of Birds, 2007.

A single volume guide to birds of the world with a systematic account of every family, covering their form and function, distribution, diet, social behaviour, and breeding biology.

New Encyclopedia of Insects and Their Allies, 2009.

An authoritative overview of all the world’s terrestrial anthropods written by the world’s leading experts in entomology with specially commissioned artwork illuminating the text.

The New Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians , 2008.

This well designed and illustrated encyclopedia brings together a wealth of new and fascinating information on amphibians and reptiles.




Terms and Acronyms [Terminology Services, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency]

Biography   back to top

Access Science McGraw-Hill, 2007.
Choose the Biographies tab here to find scientists alphabetically by name or browse bios by subject. Includes Nobel Prize winners in the sciences and Fields Medal winners in math.

A to Z of Women in Science and Math, Facts on File, 1999.
Main Level, Reference: R 509.22 Y88A

Gale Biography in Context [Thomson Gale]
Contains biographical information on over one million individuals from all time periods, geographical locations, and fields of endeavor. The "Biographical Facts Search" allows searching for people based on one or more personal facts, such as occupation.

Cambridge Dictionary of Scientists [CREDO Reference], Cambridge Univ. Press, 2003.
Biographies of nearly 1500 scientists from 40 countries.

Current Biography Yearbook, H. W. Wilson, 1940-2007.
Main Level, Reference:
R 920 C93

Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Scribner, 1970-80.
Main Level, Reference: R 509.22 D561D+supplements [18 vols]
Contains lengthy articles with bibliographies, written by historians of science, on prominent deceased scientists from antiquity to the twentieth-century. Includes engineers and physicians only in so far as they were noted for scientific achievements, and has few entries on women or black scientists.

  The Cambridge Dictionary of Scientists

A Dictionary of Scientists [Oxford Reference Online], Oxford Univ. Press, 2003.
Covers key figures in all areas of science over 2,500 years.

The Grolier Library of Science Biographies, Grolier Educational, 1997.
Main Level, Reference: R 509.22 G894G [10 vols]

Nobel Prize Women in Science: Their Lives, Struggles, and Momentous Discoveries, Carol Pub. Group, 1992.
Main Level, Reference: R 509.22 M178N

Notable Black American Scientists, Gale Research, 1999.
Main Level, Reference: R 509.22 N843N2

Notable Twentieth Century Scientists, Gale Research, 1995.
Main Level, Reference: R 509.22 N843N + supplement

Notable Women in the Life Sciences: A Biographical Dictionary, Greenwood Press, 1996.
Main Level, Reference: R 574.092 N843N

Notable Women Scientists, Gale Group, 1999.
Main Level, Reference: R 500.82 N843N

The Scientific 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Scientists, Past and Present, Carol Pub. Group, 1996.
Main Level, Reference: R 509.22 Si47S

Writing Guide & CSE Style   back to top

CSE- Diana Hacker’s Research and Documentation Online [Bedford Books]
A quick online guide to CSE style.

Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, & Publishers, Council of Science Editors, 7th edition, 2006.        
Main Level, Reference: R 808.066 Sci27S      

A Student Handbook for Writing in Biology, Karin Knisely, Sinauer Assoc., 3rd edition, 2009.
Upper Level: 808.06657 K749S

Writing Center, Presbyterian College
Citation styles, writing guides, and scheduling an appointment with a tutor.



Locating Books
ThomCat back to top

THOMCAT - Use the online catalog to locate books in Thomason Library. You can search by author, title, keyword, or subject.

  • Search for a person, as AUTHOR or SUBJECT, with last name, first name:              

Carson, Rachel [as AUTHOR]

  Carson, Rachel [as SUBJECT]  
  • SUBJECT searching requires use of Library of Congress subject headings. The terms below are examples of subject headings related to biology:
THOMCAT subjects


  Environmental Sciences  
  Marine Biology  



Wildlife Management

  • Materials relevant to the study of biology may also be found by specifying the era or dates, geographic area, or the material type in which you are interested:

Botany--United States History--19th Century




Genetics--Moral and Ethical Aspects

  Invertebrates, Fossil--British Columbia--Yoho National Park--Catalogs  





Subject searching is an effective and precise method of searching the catalog, however, KEYWORD searching has benefits, also.

  • Try a KEYWORD search using two or three of the most significant words from the title or subject you are trying to find if you are unsure of the exact title or the correct subject heading to use. Place phrases in "quotation marks."

  • Connect words with AND, OR, NOT to focus your search.
  • Try truncation at the end of a word stem to retrieve singular, plural, and other variations of the word.  Use an asterisk (*) to truncate from 1 to 5 characters. Use a double asterisk (**) to include word endings with an unlimited number of characters.
KEYWORD Searching Tips

· Use AND between words to narrow your search:
insect AND flight

· Use OR between words to expand your search terms and
group words with parentheses:
(mule OR white tailed) AND deer

· Add * to the root of a word to truncate or expand
a term:
disease* = disease, diseases, diseased

Try KEYWORD searching with THOMCAT, other library catalogs & library databases


PASCAL back to top


PASCAL Catalog - If you need books in addition to those found at Thomason Library, try your search here for books at other academic libraries in SC. Through PASCAL Delivers, you can order books online for delivery within 3-4 working days. This service for current PC students, faculty, and staff is a project of PASCAL- Partnership Among SC Academic Libraries. Borrowers will be notified by e-mail when requested items arrive at Thomason Library. Click here for searching and ordering tips.


WorldCat & I.L.L. back to top

WorldCat – A catalog of books and materials at libraries worldwide. Try searching here to find ALL books available on a topic. Materials available at Thomason Library are highlighted and others can be borrowed through ILL or searched in PASCALCAT.

Interlibrary Loan

You need to use Interlibrary Loan when:

  • a book you really need is not available at PC or through PASCAL Delivers

  • an article you need is not available at PC [you've already checked Journal Finder to see if the library has access to the journal for the date that you need] to see if the library has access to the journal

ILL is available to PC students, faculty and staff in order to share resources between libraries. Click ILL link above for instruction.


Locating Articles  
Article Databases-Biology back to top

The following journal databases are available to PC students, faculty, and staff from on- and off-campus locations.  Search using terms dealing with your topic. Tips


Academic Search Complete  [EBSCOhost] 
The world's most valuable and comprehensive scholarly, multi-disciplinary full-text database, with more than 8,500 full-text periodicals, including more than 7,300 peer-reviewed journals.

Biological Abstracts

Biological Abstracts® is a complete collection of bibliographic references covering life science and biomedical research literature published from more than 4,300 journals internationally. This database provides users with easy access to the latest information in virtually every life science discipline including agriculture, biochemistry, biotechnology, botany, ecology, the environment, microbiology, neurology, pharmacology, public health and toxicology. BIOSIS indexing presents key terms in the same context used by the original author. Most of the records include informative abstracts written by the author with links to full text content provided by library journal collection subscriptions [SpringerLink journals, ScienceDirect, Wiley, etc.]. It is produced by Thomson Scientific, Inc. and uses the familliar EBSCO interface. 


Provides authoritative medical information on medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, the health care system, pre-clinical sciences, and much more. Created by the National Library of Medicine, MEDLINE uses MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) indexing with tree, tree hierarchy, subheadings and explosion capabilities to search citations from over 5,200 current biomedical journals.


 BioOne [American Institute of Biological Sciences]
Index of full-text bioscience research journals focused on the biological, ecological and environmental sciences. Developed and operated as a non-profit venture by AIBS, the University of Kansas, and others for the benefit of scientific societies, universities, libraries, researchers, scholars and students.  BioOne currently includes over 100 high-impact bioscience research journals focused on the biological, ecological and environmental sciences, while continually adding new journals. Search or browse journals from the home page or view the BioOne Top 10 articles viewed in the previous month.  Coverage from 2000-present for many titles in the journal archive.

 ScienceDirect [Elsevier B.V.]
Full-text of many scientific, technical and medical journals in the agricultural and biological sciences, energy and power, environmental science, fundamental life science, medicine, neuroscience, and veterinary science, as well as in chemistry, physics and astronomy, psychology, and social sciences. 

Annual Reviews 
A green check indicates an Annual Review title is available online by PC subscription.Titles include the Annual Reviews of Biochemistry, Cell & Developmental Biology, Ecology-Evolution-Systematics, Genetics, Immunology, Medicine, Microbiology, Physiology, Plant Biology, and Anthropology, Psychology, & Sociology. Backfiles of older print issues are still available on the upper level of the library.

AGRICOLA [National Agricultural Library Catalog, USDA]
Catalog of the National Agricultural Library, as well as a primary public source for world-wide access to information on every major agricultural subject, including agricultural engineering and marketing, animal breeding, entomology, environmental pollution, farm management, foods and feeds, pesticides, rural sociology, veterinary medicine, and water resources. Citations consist of journal articles, book chapters, monographs, conference proceedings, serials, technical reports, and other materials on a range of agricultural topics. 

Archive of journals including Arts & Sciences, as well as the Ecology and Botany Collection. (most recent three to five years issues not available in this archive)

A Plant Science database, the result of collaboration with dozens of herbaria, libraries, archives, museums, universities, and other research institutions was added in 2010. Search here for articles or images by geography or resource type, including drawings, books, letters, manuscripts, specimens, photographs, prints, or paintings, or browse by family, genus, or species name. Create your own Plant Science Account where you can

  • Tag and save JSTOR Plant Science objects.
  • Save custom settings and preferences for every time you log in.
  • Save customized searches.
  • Share your tags with other JSTOR Plant Sciences users.
  • Use shared tags others have created.

Index to the weekly, interdisciplinary, peer-reviewed, full-text journal of science. Also indexes Nature Publishing Group journals providing abstract only.

Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences of the United States
An online index of PNAS, a multidisciplinary, scientific journal spanning the biological, physical, and social sciences. Full-text articles available at this site. This journal is also indexed in MEDLINE, JSTOR, BIOSIS, PubMed.

PubMed [US National Library of Medicine (NLM)]

PubMed is a free online service of the National Library of Medicine that includes citations from MEDLINE and other life science journals for biomedical articles back to the 1950s. PubMed includes some links to free full text articles. Links to full text library journal subscriptions are not provided with this .gov database.

Includes journals in Botany, Ecology, Environment, Evolution, Microbiology, Vet Medicine, & Zoology.


Key Biology Journals back to top


American Biology Teacher 1938-present
Teaching suggestions and articles on recent advances in biology and life science published eight/year by the National Association of Biology Teachers

American Midland Naturalist 1909-present
An international journal of ecology, evolution and the environment published quarterly by the University of Notre Dame

Annual Reviews [Biochemistry,Cell, Ecology, Evolution & Systematics, Immunology, Medicine, Microbiology, Physiology, Plant Biology]
View print availability , shelved on upper level
Volumes are published each year for 32 focused disciplines within the Biomedical, Physical, and Social Sciences, critically reviewing the most significant primary research of each field every year. PC subscribes to nine reviews in biomedical and three in the social sciences. indicates subscription online and in print.

Biological Bulletin 1899-present
Peer reviewed research on a wide range of organisms and biological topics, published by the Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA

Biology Digest [print holdings] 1982-present
Abstracts of worldwide scientific literature in the life sciences to assist faculty and students in keeping current on latest scientific developments

BioScience 1964-present
Peer reviewed overviews of current research in biology published monthly by the American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS)

Ecology 1997-present
Research and synthesis papers on all aspects of ecology, published monthly by the Ecological Society of America

Evolution 1947-present
Significant new empirical or theoretical investigations of evolutionary phenomena and events, published bi-monthly by The Society for the Study of Evolution

Journal of Visualized Experiments 2006-present

Journal of Visualized Experiments (JoVE) is a peer reviewed, PubMed indexed journal devoted to the publication of biological, medical, chemical and physical research in a video format.

Nature 1987-present
Original research articles & letters, review articles, news of science in universities, industry & government, correspondence and opinion pieces published weekly by Nature Publishing Group, London

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States 1915-present
Multidisciplinary scientific serial containing cutting-edge research reports, colloquium papers, and actions of the Academy, published weekly by the National Academy of Sciences.

PLoS: Public Library of Science
A nonprofit open access publisher founded by scientists and physicians in October 2000. The site features an intuitive design and well-organized content in the fields of biology and medicine. PLoS launched its first peer-reviewed, open access journal, PLoS Biology, in 2003, and currently publishes six others as well: PLoS Medicine, PLoS Computational Biology, PLoS Genetics, PLoS Pathogens, PLoS ONE, and PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. All have gained notable attention from researchers. PLoS is indexed by major abstracting sources/databases (e.g., Thomson Reuters's Science Citation Index; PubMed, CH, Feb'06, 43-3422). Under the Creative Commons Attribution License, PLoS articles may be freely accessed, reused, and redistributed, as long as author(s) and sources are acknowledged. Includes a news component to which one can subscribe.

Quarterly Review of Biology 1926-present
Review articles in general biology presenting a synthesis of recent investigations with critical evaluation and theoretical papers with a critical synthesis of the literature bearing on the theory

Science 1921-1932, 1941-present
Peer-reviewed articles, original research reports, news, editorials, letters, and book reviews on timely science-related topics. Published weekly by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

Journal Finder   back to top

Journal Finder  provides access to PC's electronic and print journals, magazines, and newspapers in one convenient location.

Search Journal Finder to determine if PC has full text for the journal, magazine or newspaper article you need. Library databases are connected by Journal Finder and lead you to full-text when available.


Internet Sources
General Biology Sources back to top


ActionBioscience [AIBS]

A non-commercial, educational web site created to foster an appreciation for the biodiversity of our planet. Includes articles by scientists, science educators, and science students on issues related to seven bioscience challenges: environment, biodiversity, genomics, biotechnology, evolution, new frontiers in science, and bioscience education.This site also includes an Educator Resources section, which provides lesson plans and other material for middle school through undergraduate-level instructors.

Animal Diversity Web
[University of Michigan Museum of Zoology]
An online database of animal natural history, distribution, classification, and conservation biology with descriptions of levels of organization above the species level prepared by professional biologists. Hundreds of hyperlinked pages and images illustrate the traits and general biology of these groups. Also includes thousands of species accounts about individual animal species (may include images, movies, recordings of sounds) written by students (accuracy cannot be guaranteed on this section).

ARKive: Images of Life on Earth  [Wildscreen]
A unique global initiative gathering films, photographs and audio recordings of the world’s species by the  not-for-profit initiative, Wildscreen, a UK-based charity, whose mission is promoting the conservation of nature and public appreciation of biodiversity, through the power of wildlife imagery.

BEN - BiosciEdNet  [National Science Foundation]
The National Science Digital Library Pathway for biological sciences education is managed by AAAS. Registration is required to join the community of 8,373 biological science educators in exchange for access to the wealth of information freely available through the BEN Portal.


BioMed Central [BioMed Central Ltd., Springer]
An independent publishing house committed to providing immediate free access to peer-reviewed biomedical research.

Caroline Dean Wildflower Collection [Auburn University Digital Library]

Browse or search for images of wildflowers native to the Southeastern United States. Images are identified by both common and scientific names and are accompanied by a description.

The Cell: An Image Library
A public and easily accessible resource database of images, videos, and animations of cells, capturing a wide diversity of organisms, cell types, and cellular processes. The purpose of this database is to advance research on cellular activity, with the ultimate goal of improving human health. Images have been acquired from historical and modern collections, publications, and by recruitment.

Cogprints  [Dept. of Electronics & Computer Science, Univ. of Southhampton]
Freely distributable electronic archive system for biological sciences that is pertinent to the study of cognition.

Directory of Open Access Journals [Lund University Libraries]
Aims to increase the visibility and ease of use of open access [free access] scientific and scholarly journals thereby promoting their increased usage and impact.

eFloras.org [Missouri Botanical Garden]

Web interface to a collection of online checklists of plants around the world. Allows browsing of flora by family, and genus, and searching by name, distribution.

Encyclopedia of Life 
An ecosystem of websites that makes all key information about life on Earth accessible to anyone, anywhere in the world. Our goal is to create a constantly evolving encyclopedia that lives on the Internet, with contributions from scientists and amateurs alike, transforming the science of biology, and inspiring a new generation of scientists, by aggregating all known data about every living species. Authenticated species pages should be available by mid 2008.

Entomology Index of Internet Resources [Iowa State University]
A directory and search engine of insect-related resources on the Internet.

Entrez: The Life Sciences Search Engine [National Center for Biotechnology Information]

Environmental Working Group [non-profit organization]

EWG's mission is to use the power of public information to protect public health and the environment. EWG is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, founded in 1993 by Ken Cook and Richard Wiles. Link to info on Health/Toxics, Farming, Natural Resources, Energy Choices, a Chemical Index and Health Tips. 1/10

FishBase: A Global Information System on Fishes [Food and Agriculture Assoc. of the UN, European Commission, & FishBase Consortium international organizations]
A relational database with information catering to professional research scientists, fisheries managers, zoologists and more.  FishBase on the web contains practically all fish species known to science.

Flora of North America [Flora of North America Association]
Names, taxonomic relationships, continent-wide distributions, and morphological characteristics of all plants native and naturalized found in North America north of Mexico. Also includes
Bryophyte Flora of North America  [Missouri Botanical Garden] covering all mosses, liverworts and hornworts of North America. These sites correspond with the print volumes by the same title. Available Main Level, Reference: R 581.97 F661F [vols 1-3 only]

Gateway to Digital Media [U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service]
Online digital media collection of public domain still photos can be browsed by geographic collection and subject, or searched by keyword. 

Global Invasive Species Database [Invasive Species Specialist Group, Species Survival Commission of the International Union for Conservation of Nature]

A free database emphasizing "invasive alien species that threaten native biodiversity and covers all taxonomic groups from micro-organisms to animals and plants in all ecosystems."  The database covers 800-plus species in over 250 countries, with content continually added by expert contributors. Each record contains ecology, distribution, management, and impact information with references, links, and expert contacts for further information. The site features browsable alphabetic lists of species and countries and other online resources for obtaining invasive species information. description from CHOICE 2/2012

Human Genome Resources [NCBI]

An an integrated, one-stop, genomic information infrastructure for biomedical researchers from around the world making data available for research efforts.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System [ITIS-North America]

Authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world. In addition to "quick search" capabilities of searching on taxon name (scientific or common) or TSN*, the Advanced Search and Report adds functionality to search on Taxon Author, filter on Record Credibility Rating, and select fields to display in report output.

Linus Pauling Online [Oregon State University Library]
Watson and Crick's work rested on the earlier insights of Linus Pauling, the American chemist who described the three-dimensional structure of proteins and nucleic acids. Pauling's work was recognized by the Nobel committees twice: for chemistry and for peace. He remains the only scientist so honored. An admirable compendium of Pauling's immense contributions to the understanding of the molecules that shape our world, and of the issues in the scientific, biomedical, and political spheres that fascinated him over a long, productive life.  This is a huge, absorbing, and utterly involving site, suitable for use by students, teachers, and professionals alike. There is the story of the discovery of the DNA structure, for example, told from Pauling's perspective--much different from that of James Watson! Most exciting, perhaps, is the searchable database of Pauling's research notebooks. These are treasure troves of information that illuminate the drudgery, as well as the successes, of scientific work. description from CHOICE Reviews Online 1/2010

Macaulay Library: Sound and Video Catalog [Cornell Lab of Ornithology ]
An online archive of animal sounds & videos offering 100,000 free recordings online. A Get Started page provides clear instructions. Only Adobe Flash 9 or higher is required. The archive provides access to more advanced functions, including the ability to see spectrograms and waveforms associated with the recordings, which requires QuickTime 7 and the Library's own RavenViewer, a QuickTime component that actually performs the visualizations. These downloads are quick and painless, with complete, clear documentation for RavenViewer. The advanced search function offers fields for common or scientific name, location (including a latitude/longitude finder), recordist, audio/video quality, and catalog number. Searches are automatically treated as truncated. A browse feature is under development. description from Choice Reviews Online 1/2009

National Science Digital Library [NSF]

Created in 2000 by the National Science Foundation to provide organized access to high-quality resources and tools that support innovations in teaching and learning at all levels of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. NSDL is designed primarily for K-16 educators, but anyone can access NSDL.org and search the library at no cost. description from ALA Direct 8/2009


The National Science Digital Library Logo

National Service Center for Environmental Publications [U.S. EPA]
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Gateway to free digital & paper publication

The Paleobiology Database [originally funded by NSF]
A public resource for the global scientific community bringing together taxonomic and distributional information about the entire fossil record of plants and animals while encouraging collaborative efforts to answer large-scale paleobiological questions. Currently includes nine main tables: published references, taxonomic names, taxonomic synonymies and classifications, primary collection data, taxonomic occurrences, reidentifications of occurrences, and three tables describing geological time scales. Additional scientific tables track ecological and taphonomic attributes of higher taxa and species, measurements of specimens, and data about the digital fossil images on the site.

Plants Database  [U.S. Department of Agriculture]
Provides standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories.

SCIRUS [Elsevier]
Portal for scientific information only.

Science.gov  [U.S. Government]
A gateway to over 50 million pages of authoritative, selected science information provided by U.S. government agencies, including research and development results   

Short Peer Review Guide [Sense About Science]  
This .pdf guide equips people to inquire whether research has passed the scrutiny of other scientists and is considered valid, significant and original through the peer review process.

See also video Peer Review in 5 Minutes [NCSU Libraries]


Taxonomy Browser [NCBI]
Search for organism taxonomy; includes genome and chromosome info, as well as external links to information.

Tree of Life  [University of Arizona]
A growing collaborative biodiversity project with pictures, text, and other information for every species and for each group of organisms, living or extinct utilizing a formal peer-review system.     

U.S. Geological Survey [Dept. of the Interior]

A science organization that provides impartial information on the health of our ecosystems and environment, the natural hazards that threaten us, the natural resources we rely on, the impacts of climate and land-use change, and the core science systems that help us provide timely, relevant, and useable information. Site includes news, science topics (from Avian Influenza to invasive species to wildfires), GAP Analysis Program of biological informatics, maps, imagery, publications and more.

Video Lectures.net

An open-access educational repository/portal of high-quality, mainly scientific video lectures. Started by the Jozef Stefan Institute's Center for Knowledge Transfer in Slovenia in 2002, its target audience is graduate students, researchers and scholars, and increasingly the general public, along with high school and undergraduate students.This well-designed portal offers a clean interface and many Web 2.0 features; e.g., users can join its Facebook group, follow it on Twitter, and receive updates via RSS feeds. A typical video lecture features high-quality video, descriptive information, category tags, and related contents links. Users easily can view, download, comment on, and share the content with others. All videos on the portal are currently available only in Windows Media Player format for both PCs and Macs. Users may search for a video, or browse content by popularity, publication date, categories, authors/presenters, and events (most lectures took place at events such as conferences and workshops).  At present nearly 300 events, more than 5,300 authors, 6,000-plus lectures, and 8,300-plus videos are available. The site, which won a 2009 World Summit Award is expanding its subject coverage to include "non-technical and natural science disciplines like Fine Arts, Humanities, Social studies and Law." description from CHOICE Reviews Online 1/2010

Zoo Bank [International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature]
An online, open-access tool for taxonomic and biodiversity researchers.


News Sources

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Biology News Net    
Latest Biology articles, news, & current events

BioMedicine - Biology News

Biology news, products, technology. Bio-Medicine is one of the Internet's leading online organizations and Web portals devoted to biology and medicine. The free, advertising-supported service brings you breaking news about the latest discoveries and hottest research projects in everything about biology and medicine. description from site

Eureka Alert! [AAAS]

An online, global news service operated by AAAS, the science society. EurekAlert! provides a central place through which universities, medical centers, journals, government agencies, corporations and other organizations engaged in research can bring their news to the media. Choose a subject area to explore.

MedNews New research involving humans and clinical medicine from the past 30 days.

NewsWise Sci News  [NewsWise]
Journalists representing the world's leading media outlets and member institutions creating news through their research and scholarly enterprises subscribe to Newswise allowing them the opportunity to read research news as it is released from the source. Browse science research news from the past 30 days— except for medical, social, or behavioral sciences.

The Naked Scientists [Cambridge University]
British radio show and podcast

Nature Podcast [Nature Publishing Group]
Podcast from the British journal, Nature. See also the "Nature in the news" link here, an external link on the Nature site which goes to a Google search of news from Nature magazine.

ScienceBlogs.com  [Seed Media Group]

Provides access to more than 70 blogs by selected leading bloggers from a wide variety of scientific disciplines. Excellent site organization enables users to easily browse or search for blogs, which are organized by ten channels of content: Life Science, Physical Science, Environment, Humanities and Social Science, Education and Careers, Politics, Medicine and Health, Brain and Behavior, Technology, and Last 24 Hours. ScienceBlogs staff do not edit the bloggers' work. Also includes direct links to the Science News section of The New York Times online. description from CHOICE Reviews Online 4/2009

ScienceDaily [Dan & Michelle Hogan]
Originally created in 1995, this site has grown from a two-person operation to a full-fledged news business with worldwide contributors, partnerships with major content providers, and technical support services. Get the latest science news with their free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly, or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader.

Science News [New York Times] http://www.nytimes.com/pages/science/index.htm
Science News section published on Tuesdays

Science News Online [Society for Science & the Public]  www.sciencenews.org
An award-winning weekly news magazine covering the most important research in all fields of science.

Science Update [American Association for the Advancement of Science]
Podcasts from AAAS on the latest science news


Professional Associations and Career   back to top

American Institute of Biological Sciences

National Association of Biology Teachers

Society for Developmental Biology

Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology

South Carolina Academy of Science

Professional Organizations: Biology [Access Excellence Resource Center]
A list of links to 75 organizations, associations, and societies focused on some aspect of the biological sciences.

STEM Career

An informal Web site devoted to the recruitment and encouragement of those who are interested in a job in a STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) field. The site offers a basic search box and features ranging from Fast Facts to Daily Reads to Key Thought Leaders. Links labeled Educators, Students, Parents, and Counselors provide information on careers, education, and news. The STEM Disciplines covered are Chemistry, Computer Science, Engineering, Environmental Science, Geosciences, Life Sciences, Mathematics, and Physics/Astronomy. description from CHOICE Reviews Nov 2011

Class Documents   back to top


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