James H. Thomason Library

English 420: Gothic Fiction

Background Information

Le Gai Chateau, detail, Victor Hugo, 19th century,
pen & ink wash and watercolor on paper,

Bridgeman Art Library Archive

  Print Dictionaries & Encyclopedias
  e-Reference Books
  Style Guides
Locating Books
Locating Articles & Criticism
  Reference Sources & Criticism
  Articles, Essays, Book Chapters
  Key Journals
  Journal Finder
Internet Resources
  Gothic Sites
  Romanticism Sites
  Special Collections & Manuscripts

Get Help

See also English 306: Romanticism Guide for some topics

denotes recommended resource

denotes library subscripton

Background Information:   back to top

Print Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, Companions, Guides and specific authors


For background information and definitions refer to the following library reference works and online reference collections:

Anatomy of Wonder: A Critical Guide to Science Fiction, 5th ed., Libraries Unlimited, 2004.
Main Level, Reference: R 016.80883 An16A 2004

Cambridge Companion to British Romanticism, Cambridge, 1993.
Upper Level: 820.9145 C144C
Eleven essays providing clear access to the historical roots, intellectual ferment and cultural range of British Romanticism. Includes a chronology and extensive guide to further reading.

Companion to Romanticism, Blackwell Publishers, 1998.
Upper Level: 820.9145 C738C
Duncan Wu emphasizes new theoretical approaches to Romantic literature, providing introductory essays in four general areas: (1) the historical, intellectual, and literary contexts out of which Romanticism arose, (2) representative works of Romanticism, (3) the genres and modes of Romantic expression, and (4) divergent critical interpretations of Romanticism.

Companion to Southern Literature: Themes, Genres, Places, People, Movements, & Motifs, LSU Press, 2002.
Main Level, Reference:
R 810.9975 C738C

A Companion to the Gothic, Blackwell Publishers, 2001.
Upper Level: 809.38738 C738C

A Companion to the Literature and Culture of the American South, Blackwell Pub., 2004.
Upper Level: 810.9975 C738C

Critical Survey of Drama, 2nd rev. ed., Salem Press, 2003.
Main Level, Reference:
R 822.009 C869C [8 vols]

Critical Survey of Long Fiction, Salem Press, 1983- .
Main Level, Reference:
R 809.3 M272C [8 vols]


Critical Survey of Poetry, Salem, 2002.
Main Level, Reference: R 809.1 C869C [8 vols]
This eight volume set presents an essay on each poet included. Each essay contains essential information including: principal poetry, other literary forms, achievements, biography, analysis, and bibliography. Index to set in Volume 8.  

Drama Criticism, Thomson Gale, 1991- .
Main Level, Reference:
R 809.2 D79D [16 vols]

Encyclopedia of Fantasy, St. Martin's Press, 1997.
Main Level, Reference:
R 809.38766 En19E


The Encyclopedia of Romanticism:  Culture in Britain 1780s-1830s, Garland, 1992.
Main Level, Reference: R 941.073 En19E 
Entries focus on the social, cultural, and intellectual climate of English Romanticism from the 1780s to the mid-1830s capturing the "spirit of the age." This encyclopedia includes poets, playwrights, and novelists, as well as, critics, editors, booksellers, painters, patrons, architects, ideas, trends, fads, and conventions.

Encyclopedia of Southern Literature, ABC-CLIO, 1997.

Main Level, Reference: R 810.9975 Sn52E

Fantasy & Horror: A Critical & Historical Guide to Literature, Illustration, Film, TV, Radio, and the Internet, Scarecrow Press, 1999.
Main Level, Reference:
R 016.8093 F217F
Chapters 1-7 deal with primary sources by chronological time period, each with narrative introduction (with works cited) and an annotated bibliography of representative titles for the time period (alphabetical by author). Ch. 1 Early & Later Gothic Tradition to Ch. 7 Contemporary Horror Fiction, and Ch. 8 Contemporary Fantasy.


A History of Modern Criticism 1750-1950, Yale University Press, [1955-] 1976.
Upper Level:  801 W458H v.2
Volume two of this well-known, eight-volume history of modern literary criticism is titled, "The Romantic Age" and traces the growth of Romantic criticism and the rejection of neoclassical ideals.

The Johns Hopkins Guide to Literary Theory & Criticism, Johns Hopkins, 2005.
Main Level, Reference: R 801.950904 J62J
This informative, reliable introduction to criticism and literary theory is for those with interest in theoretical issues but without specialized knowledge. Entries contain cross references, see also, and a bibliography with selected primary and secondary sources. Helpful indexes of Names and Topics in back of volume. The “British Theory and Criticism” entry includes a section on the Romantic Period. Major Romantic authors each have an entry.

McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of World Drama, McGraw Hill, 1984.
Main Level,
R 809.2 M178M [5 vols]

The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture: Literature, UNC Press, 2008.
Main Level, Reference:
R 975.00321 N42N V. 9

Romanticism: A Critical Reader, Blackwell, 1996.
Upper Level: 820.9145 R6622R
Duncan Wu’s (ed.) overview of criticism from 1980-1996, with two essays on each of the six major writers of the period that were selected from the most distinguished criticism in the field.

The Routledge Companion to Gothic, Routledge, 2007.
Upper Level: 823.0872 R765R

Reference works on specific authors:

A Byron Chronology
, G. K. Hall, 1988.
Main Level, Reference: R 821.709 P144B

George Gordon, Lord Byron: A Comprehensive Bibliography of Secondary Materials in English, 1807-1974, Scarecrow Press, 1977.
Main Level, Reference: R 016.8217 Sa59G

Flannery O'Connor: An Annotated Reference Guide to Criticism, Timberlane Books, 2002.
Main Level, Reference:
R 813.5409 Sco85F

e-Reference books  

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Cambridge Guide to Literature in English [CREDO Reference], Cambridge Univ. Press, 2006.
Authoritative and international survey of world literature in English with entries on eras, theses, genres and critical terms, authors, poems, novels, literary journals and plays.

Continuum Encyclopedia of British Literature [CREDO Reference], Continuum International Publishing Group, Ltd., 2006.
A comprehensive guide to all British literature, including literature in English from the colonial and postcolonial periods.

A Dictionary of Literary Symbols [CREDO Reference], Cambridge University Press, 2003.
The first dictionary of symbols to be based on literature, rather than "universal" psychological archetypes, myths, or esoterica. Concentrates on English literature, but its entries range widely from the Bible and classical authors to the twentieth century, taking in American and European literatures.  
Also available Main Level, Reference: R 809.915 F373D [2000].

Encyclopedia of the Romantic Era, 1760-1850 [CREDO Reference], Routledge, 2004.
Explores the developments that influenced the profound changes in thought and sensibility during the second half of the eighteenth century and the first half of the nineteenth century. The Encyclopedia provides readers with a clear, detailed, and accurate reference source on the literature, thought, music, and art of the period, demonstrating the rich interplay of international influences and cross-currents at work; and to explore the many issues raised by the very concepts of Romantic and Romanticism.

  Book Cover

Gale Virtual Reference Library (GVRL) [Thomson Gale]
Search our entire collection of Gale eBooks including St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender (vampire), as well as next two titles below with one query.

New title! Gale Contextual Encyclopedia of World Literature [GVRL], Gale, 2009.

Covers world authors from many periods and genres, building an understanding of the various contexts -- from the biographical to the literary to the historical -- in which literature can be viewed. Identifies the significant literary devices and global themes that define a writer's style and place the author in a larger literary tradition as chronicled and evaluated by critics over time.

Gothic Literature: A Gale Critical Companion [GVRL], Gale, 2006.

Spans all facets of gothic literature, including visual and performing arts, society and culture, themes, and settings. Includes primary source documents and critical material to provide a contextual perspective, a related chronology of key events, full-text commentaries, and lists of further readings.

A Glossary of Literary Gothic Terms [Douglass H. Thomson, Georgia Southern Univ.]

The Oxford Companion to English Literature [Oxford Reference Online] Oxford Univ. Press, 2008.
Also available, Main Level Reference: R 820.9 Ox2O [2000]

A Selective Bibliography of British Romantic Poetry & Prose [Nicholas Halmi, University of Washington]
Organized under General Studies (Poetic Forms, The Gothic, Sister Arts, etc.) and Individual Authors; includes Electronic Texts.


Biography   back to top

Literature Resource Center [Thomson Gale]
Search here for your author or use advanced search criteria to compile a list of authors by type. Contains biographical information from Contemporary Authors and Dictionary of Literary Biography databases, as well as British Writers [Main Level Reference: R 820.9 B777B] and thirteen Scribner print sources.

Dictionary of Literary Biography: British Romantic Poets 1789-1832
, Gale, 1990.        
Main Level, Reference:
R 809 D561D  vols. 93 and 96
DLB provides career biographies of literary figures from a vast range of cultural backgrounds and historical periods. Volumes 93 and 96 contain information on British Romantic Poets, 1789-1832.
Also searchable in Literature Resource Center 

Encyclopedia of the Romantic Era, 1760-1850
[CREDO Reference], Routledge, 2004.

Includes biographies of notable figures of the time period.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, Gale, 1998.
Main Level, Reference: R 920.02 En19E [17 vols]
Alphabetically arranged long essays on reputable personalities who have made great contributions to human culture and society.

Search authors individually as subject, entering last name first.
Example: O'Connor, Flannery

Style Guides   back to top

Humanities: Documenting Sources [Research and Documentation Online], Bedford/St. Martins, 2003.

MLA handbook for writers of research papers, Modern Language Association, 2009.
Main Level, Reference: Ready Reference Shelf or R 808.027 M72M

Writing Center, Presbyterian College
Citation styles, writing guides, and scheduling an appointment with a tutor.


Locating Books back to top


Use the online catalog to locate books in Thomason Library. You can search by author, title, word, or subject.

  • Search for a person, as AUTHOR or SUBJECT, with last name, first name:              
   Byron, George Gordon Byron, Baron, 1788-1824  [as AUTHOR]  
   Byron, George Gordon Byron, Baron, 1788-1824  [as SUBJECT]  
  • SUBJECT searching requires use of Library of Congress subject headings. The terms below are examples of subject headings related to Gothic fiction:

Fantastic Fiction


Feminism and literature


Gothic Revival (Literature)

  Grotesque in literature 8-PC, 89-Pascal
  Heroes in literature  
  Horror Tales  

Sex role in literature



  • Materials relevant to the study Gothic literature may also be found by specifying the country of origin, era, literary genre, or the material type in which you are interested:

English fiction--18th century--History and criticism

  Horror tales, English--History and criticism  
  Romanticism--Great Britain  

Sex Role--History--19th Century


Southern States in Literature


Subject searching is an effective and precise method of searching the catalog, however, KEYWORD searching has benefits, also.

  • If you are unsure of the exact title or the correct subject heading to use, try a KEYWORD search using two or three of the most significant words from the title or subject you are trying to find. Place phrases in "quotation marks."

  • Connect words with AND, OR, NOT to focus your search.
  • Try truncation at the end of a word stem to retrieve singular, plural, and other variations of the word.  Use an asterisk (*) to truncate from 1 to 5 characters. Use a double asterisk (**) to include word endings with an unlimited number of characters.
KEYWORD Searching Tips

· Use AND between words to narrow your search:
feminis* AND gothic fiction

· Use OR between words to expand your search and
group words with parentheses:
(grotesque OR gothic) AND south

· Add * to the root of a word to truncate or expand
a term:
feminis* = feminist, feminists, feminism

· Place a phrase in quotation marks:
"Byronic hero"
"southern gothic"

Try KEYWORD searching with ThomCat, other library catalogs & library databases

PASCAL Catalog
If you need books in addition to those found at Thomason Library, search this combined catalog of college & university libraries in South Carolina. Through PASCAL Delivers, you can order books online for delivery within 3-4 working days.


PASCAL Catalog searching is similar to searching in THOMCAT. An added BONUS in THOMCAT is a pass-through from search results in THOMCAT to the same search results in PASCAL with one click on the PASCAL icon.

The pass-through is available on any search at any level:

  • A PC book you need is checked out? Click the PASCAL icon for other copies available in SC.

  • Need more items on a subject? PASCAL items on that subject are just a click away.
PASCAL Delivers SC's virtual academic library

This service for current PC students, faculty, and staff is a project of PASCAL- Partnership Among SC Academic Libraries. Borrowers will be notified by e-mail when requested items arrive at Thomason Library. Click here for searching and ordering tips. It's easy!



A catalog of books and materials at libraries worldwide. Try searching here to find ALL books available on a topic. Materials available at Thomason Library are highlighted and others can be borrowed through ILL or searched in PASCALCAT.

Interlibrary Loan

ILL is available to PC students, faculty and staff in order to share resources between libraries. Check link for instructions.

Locating Articles & Criticism: back to top
Reference Sources & Criticism  

Literature Resource Center
[Thomson Gale]
Biographical, bibliographical and contextual information from the Contemporary Authors and Dictionary of Literary Biography databases, as well as full-text criticism from the Contemporary Literary Criticism Select database. Contains full-text journal articles from more than 250 literary journals, critical essays, author biographies, and definitions of literary terms from Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of Literature.

American Writers, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1974-2007.

Main Level, Reference: R 820.9 Am35A[+ supplements]

Also searchable in Scribner Writer's Series

British Writers, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1979-2007.
Main Level, Reference:
R 820.9 B777B [8 vols, 12 supplements]
Also searchable in Scribner Writer's Series

Scribner Writer's Series
Full-text articles on writers and literary genres drawn from 13 acclaimed Scribner print series. Each signed article was written by a noted scholar and concludes with a bibliography of primary and secondary sources for further study.


Articles, Essays, Book Chapters back to top

MLA International Bibliography  [EBSCOhost]
Indexes critical literary and language scholarship and provides access to journals and serials published worldwide, as well as books, essay collections, working papers, proceedings, dissertations, and bibliographies. Nearly 45,000 records are added annually.

Academic Search Premier - Humanities[EBSCOhost]
Search this subset of full text peer-reviewed humanities journals indexed in Academic Search Premier.

Academic Search Premier-Social Sciences Pascal Logo

Search social sciences journals in ASP for some topics (i.e. Goths or contemporary topics).


Arts & Sciences Collections I, II, & III contain an archive of over 350 full-text journals which are searchable through JSTOR or accessible through Journal Finder, which guides the user to full-text articles available at Thomason Library. The collections include journals in economics, history, political science, sociology, and humanities. This archive covers the full run of journals from the first issue of volume one; however, the most current three to five year issues of the journals are not available as specified by the publishers in their agreements with JSTOR.

Project MUSE Basic Undergraduate Collection  
Current and recent volumes of 112 core journals in the humanities and social sciences.

Key Journals back to top


Click links to view date/issue availability in Journal Finder.

Fantasy and Science Fiction
Presents short stories, interviews, novelettes, book and film reviews and criticism of works of science fiction and fantasy.

Gothic Studies [International Gothic Association]

Considers the field of Gothic studies from the eighteenth century to the present day.

The Harrow: Original Works of Fantasy and Horror

A peer-reviewed forum for publishing original works of fiction. Includes some reviews and articles.

Irish Journal of Gothic and Horror Studies

An interdisciplinary, biannual electronic publication dedicated to the exploration of Horror and Gothic themed literature, film, new media and television.  It was launched in October 2006 by Elizabeth McCarthy and Bernice M. Murphy, both of Trinity College Dublin. See THE VAULT for articles.

Eighteenth Century Fiction
Covers all aspects of imaginative prose in the period 1700-1800.

Nineteenth Century Fiction continued by Nineteenth Century Literature

Eighteenth Century Studies available in Project MUSE
This journal selects essays that employ different modes of analysis and disciplinary discourses to explore how recent historiographical, critical, and theoretical ideas have engaged scholars concerned with the eighteenth century. American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies.

Modern Fiction Studies
Engaging articles on prominent works of modern and contemporary fiction. Emphasizing historical, theoretical, and interdisciplinary approaches, the journal encourages a dialogue between fiction and theory, publishing work that offers new theoretical insights, clarity of style, and completeness of argument. Modern Fiction Studies alternates general issues dealing with a wide range of texts with special issues focused on single topics or individual writers.

Novel: A Forum on Fiction

A literary critical journal that features articles on various aspects of the novel genre, including theories of the novel, narratives of race and ethnicity, the novel in an international context, the novel and the history of sexuality, the novel and mass visuality, the novel's place in cultural studies, and agency in or of the novel.

General Romanticism Journals:

ELH (English Literary History)
Superior studies interpreting the conditions affecting major works in English and American literature while publishing articles with an intelligent mix of historical, critical, and theoretical concerns.

The Explicator
This journal publishes short papers on passages of prose and poetry. Each issue contains between 25 and 30 notes on works of literature, ranging from ancient Greek and Roman times to our own, from throughout the world.

Prism(s): Essays in Romanticism
Online index of articles in this scholarly journal specifically devoted to the interdisciplinary and cross-linguistic study of Romanticism. Full-text not available here.

Addresses various issues in Romantic literature studies.

Romanticism and Victorianism on the Net
International refereed electronic journal devoted to British Nineteenth Century literature that is indexed in MLA but not available full-text.

Romantic Circles Praxis Series
Devoted to using computer technologies to investigate critically the languages, cultures, histories, and theories of Romanticism, RCPS is committed to mapping out this terrain with the best and most exciting critical writing of contemporary Romanticist scholarship.

Studies in English Literature
Focuses on four fields of British Literature which rotate quarterly as follows: Winter-English Renaissance, Spring - Tudor and Stuart Drama, Summer-Restoration and Eighteenth Century, and Autumn - Nineteenth Century with historical and critical essays which contribute to the understanding of English Literature.

Studies in Romanticism
A scholarly literary quarterly focused on Romanticism and early nineteenth-century literature.

Wordsworth Circle  
International quarterly journal publishing contemporary studies of literature, culture, and society primarily in England during the Romantic period from about 1760 to 1850. Directed toward
scholars, critics, and students, it focuses on the lives, works and times of Romantic period writers, topics (science, politics, religion, etc.) and special issues concerned with the teaching of Romanticism.

Journal Finder back to top

Journal Finder provides access to PC's electronic and print journals, magazines, and newspapers in one convenient location.

Browse Journal Finder by title or subject. When browsing or searching, you can read articles from any journal that is available in the Full-text resources online group of results. Choose a database in this group based on the dates available and the time frame in which you are interested.

Library article databases are inter-connected by Journal Finder, which will lead you to the full-text of an article when available.

Internet Resources: back to top
Gothic Sites  


Gothic Literature [Zittaw Press]

"The Gothic Literature Page is devoted to study of Gothic Literature which flourished in England from 1764 to 1820. This site is intended to provide students and scholars of the Gothic novel access to the growing number of resources available on the web. An introduction to the Gothic novel, collected summaries, papers, critical and bibliographical information and related sites are assembled together to expedite research." description from Internet Public Library. Try the resources page. Site has some functionality issues [2/09].

The International Gothic Association [Lancaster University, UK]
This group unites teachers, scholars, students, artists, writers and performers from around the world who are interested in any aspect of gothic culture: fiction, drama, poetry, art, film, music, architecture, popular culture and technology. It promotes the study and dissemination of information on gothic culture from the mid eighteenth century to the contemporary moment. The only association of its kind, the IGA is the academic centre for people interested in an analysis of the gothic.

The Lewis Walpole Library [Yale University Libraries]
The Digital Collection of over 11,000 digital images has expanded to encompass prints, drawings, and watercolors related to Horace Walpole's collection and house at Strawberry Hill. Included are English caricatures and political satirical prints from the late-seventeenth through the mid-nineteenth centuries by Bunbury, Woodward, Gillray, Rowlandson, and Newton, among others.

The Literary Gothic [Jack G. Voller, Southern Illinois Univ]
A  web guide to all things concerned with literary Gothicism, which includes ghost stories, "classic" Gothic novels and Gothic fiction (1764-1820), and related pre- and post-Gothic and supernaturalist literature written prior to the mid-20th century. The "General Resources" category will be the most useful, containing many links to critical sites and essays. Author and title sections list primarily online texts, with some criticism mixed in.

Romantic Readings of the Gothic: A List of Gothic Works of Literature Read by the Canonical Romantic Writers [Douglass H. Thomson, Georgia Southern Univ.]

A "who read what list" beginning with the gothic readings of Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelley, and Keats with others forthcoming (Mary Shelley and De Quincey are next up) as the list develops."

The Sickly Taper: A Bibliography of Gothic Scholarship [Dept. of English Language, Literature & Creative Writing, University of Windsor, UK] A comprehensive and authorative online bibliography of Gothic scholarship broken into American, Canadian, English (Irish, Scottish), Female, and Film criticism categories.

Sublime Anxiety: The Gothic Family and the Ousider [Natalie Regensburg, Special Collections, University of Virginia Library]

This digital exhibit displays pages, including illustrations, from some of the first and second editions of gothic novels in the library’s collection. Web pages on the site focus on the “Northanger Canon,” chapbooks, the Shelleys, Women and the Gothic, the Bronte family, Gothic literature and its relation to British imperialism, the vampire, the novels of Anne Rice, detective novels, Edgar Allan Poe, and Edward Gorey.


The Voice of the Shuttle: The Gothic [Alan Liu, UC Santa Barbara]

Traditional "Gothic" literature (1764-1820, or later) is written during the Romantic period, so many general discussions or overviews of Romantic literature (English, American, Continental) or Romantic-era culture will deal with some aspects of these works. (A great place to start is with the Romanticism page at the Voice of the Shuttle.)

Romanticism Sites 

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Literary Resources – Romanticism [Jack Lynch, Rutgers]
An extensive list of resources for Romanticism on the web.

Romanticism OnLine: A List of URLs [Laura Mandell, Dept. of English, Miami University]
A list of URLs of sites on the internet related to Romantic Studies.

The Voice of the Shuttle: Romanticism  [Alan Liu, UC Santa Barbara]
An extensive annotated guide to Romanticism-related resources on the Internet, arranged by category.

Romantic Circles  [University of Maryland]
A website devoted to the study of Romantic-period literature and culture.

The Web Concordances & Workbooks
Choose from digital concordances of Shelley, Coleridge, Keats, Blake, Wordsworth, and Hopkins. Word bank on left links to occurrence of specific word in text of author’s work.

Women Romantic Era Writers  [Adriana Craciun, UC Riverside]
Links to electronic texts, annuals, anthologies, contemporary responses, and other web resources for women writers of the Romantic period.

Special Collections and Manuscripts back to top

An excellent source for e-texts in the “genres of mystery, adventure and The Weird, written between 1800 and 1919.” The site makes a large number of e-texts available.

The Harrow: Original Works of Fantasy and Horror

A peer-reviewed online forum for publishing original works of fiction. Includes some reviews and articles.

An archive of electronic texts searchable by author or title of work. Take a look at Harvard Classics, Vol. 41 English Poetry II the second part of an extensive anthology of the greatest works of the English Romantic poets, Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelley and Keats. Click Chronological list of authors to browse.

Before Victoria: Extraordinary Women of the British Romantic Era [New York Public Library Digital Library]
A selection of several dozen images including book illustrations and print series, reflecting literary and cultural history and the role of women during the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

Project Gutenberg
Producer of literary eBooks in the public domain, including works by Byron, Coleridge, Keats, Wordsworth, others.

Representative Poetry Online [University of Toronto]
Poetry archive, including a number of electronic texts of Romantic poetry.

Romantic Natural History [Ashton Nichols, Dickinson College]
An inter-linked collection of texts and images designed to survey relationships between literary works and natural history in the century before Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species (1859).

William Blake Archive
[Library of Congress, UNC-Chapel Hill, UVA]
An online hypermedia environment allowing users to access high-quality electronic reproductions of a growing portion of Blake's work. These reproductions have been prepared according to the highest technical and scholarly standards, with the cooperation of a number of the major museum, library, and private collections.

William Blake: Illustrated Books  

[New York Public Library Digital Gallery] Three original books in "relief etching" by William Blake, who composed the texts, designed the texts and decorations, and printed the pages: America: A Prophecy (1793 [1794?]), Europe: A Prophecy (1794), and Milton (1804 [i.e. 1808?]). 6/08



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