James H. Thomason Library

History 368 Course Guide: History of Scotland
Find Background Information

Stirling Castle, Scotland

photograph, HV Morton, In Search of Scotland, 1929

  Dictionaries & Encyclopedias
  e-Reference Book Collections
  Other Reference
  Style Guides
Find Library Books, eBooks
  PASCAL Catalog
  EBSCO eBook Collection
Find Journal Articles
  Article Databases
  Key Journals
  Journal Finder
Find Relevant Web Sites

Get Help


  denotes recommended resource
denotes Library subscription

Find Reference Sources: background information on a topic    
Atlases   back to top

An Atlas of Anglo-Saxon England, University of Toronto Press, 1981.
Main Level, Reference: ATLAS 914.2 H551A

Atlas of British History, Dorset Press, 1985, c1968.
Main Level, Reference: ATLAS 911.42 G767A

Historical Atlas of Britain, Continuum, 1981.
Upper Level: 911 H629H

Oxford Atlas of Exploration, Oxford University Press, c1997.
Main Level, Reference: ATLAS 911 Ox2O

Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, Companions   back to top

For background information and definitions refer to the following library reference works:


The Age of Wars of Religion, 1000-1650: An Encyclopedia of Global Warfare and Civilization, Greenwood Press, 2006.

Main Level, Reference: R 909.07 N711A [2 vols]


The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Anglo-Saxon England, Blackwell, 1999.
Main Level, Reference: R 942.01 B568B

Collins Encyclopaedia of Scotland, Harper Collins, 1994.

Main Level, Reference: R 941.1003 C693C

  The Age of Wars of Religion, 1000-1650: An Encyclopedia of Global Warfare and Civilization [Two Volumes] (Greenwood Encyclopedias of Modern World Wars)

Dictionary of the Middle Ages, Scribner, c1982-c1989.

Main Level, Reference: R 909.07 D561D [13 vols]

The Encyclopedia of Britain, Macmillan Pub. Co., 1993.
Main Level, Reference: R 941.003 G211E

Encyclopedia of Early Christianity, Garland Pub., 1997.

Main Level, Reference: R 270.103 En19E [2 vols]

Covers primitive and early church 30-600.

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages, Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 2000.

Main Level, Reference: R 909.07 En19E [2 vols]

Encyclopedia of the Renaissance, Scribner’s, c1999.
Main Level, Reference: R 940.21 En19E [6 vols]

New title! Encyclopedia of Society and Culture in the Medieval World, Facts on File, 2008.

Main Level, Reference: R 909.07 En19E2 [4 vols]

"Comprehensive A-Z coverage spanning time from the fall of Rome in 476 to the start of the Renaissance in 1500. Each entry includes a discussion of the topic from the perspective of the following centers of civilization: Africa, The Americas, Asia and the Pacific, Europe, and The Islamic World."

Medieval England: An Encyclopedia, Garland Pub., 1998.
Main Level, Reference: R 942 M468M


The Middle Ages : A Concise Encyclopaedia, Thames and Hudson, 1989.

Main Level, Reference: R 909.07 M584M

The New Catholic Encyclopedia, Catholic University of America, 2003.

Main Level, Reference: R 282.03 N42N [15 vols]

Online version of Catholic Encyclopedia, New Advent, 2003.

Oxford Companion to Scottish History, Oxford University Press, 2001.

Main Level, Reference: R 941.1 Ox2O

Also available online 2007 ed.

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation, Oxford University Press, 1996.

Main Level, Reference:  R 270.6 Ox2O [4 vols]

The Plantagenet Encyclopedia, Grove Weidenfeld, c1990.
Main Level, Reference: R 942.0303 P694P

Studies in Medieval and Renaissance History [First & second series], University of Nebraska Press, 1964- .

Upper Level: 901.92082 St94S [24 vols]


e-Reference Book Collections   back to top

New in 2011! Cambridge Histories Online

click icons to search entire collections

Search and browse through an array of historical subject areas including:

British history, economic history of Europe, political & social theory, religious studies, and more.

CREDO Reference

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Brewer's Britain & Ireland: History, Culture, Folklore, & Etymology [CREDO Reference], Chambers Harrap, 2005.

A reference book about place-names and the historical associations of the places they designate.

The Companion to British History [CREDO Reference], Routledge, 2001.  
A comprehensive A-Z guide to the history of Britain and its peoples is for students.

Dictionary of British History [CREDO Reference], Market House Books, Ltd., 1997.
Covers the history of Britain from Roman times to the present day, and also its overseas territories during British Rule. Attention is paid not only to English history but also to that of Scotland, Wales and Ireland.

Late Antiquity: A Guide to the Postclassical World [CREDO Reference], Harvard College, 1999.
Comprehensive essays and encyclopedic entries on the history and culture of an era marked by the rise of two world religions, unprecedented political upheavals that remade the map of the known world, and the creation of art of enduring glory.

Reader's Companion to Military History [CREDO Reference], Houghton Mifflin, 1996.

Covers major events and battles, commanders and theorists, weaponry and technological advances, and strategy and tactics...distinctive in the range of thematic articles, covering such topics as courage, discipline, the effects of weather on warfare, military justice, surrender, the role of propaganda, the use of animals in war, the evolution of uniforms, psychological warfare, and morale.


Book Cover
Oxford Reference Online  







The Kings and Queens of Britain [Oxford Reference Online], Oxford University Press, 2009.
Spans the Romano-British rulers of 55 BC to the present day House of Windsor. Generously illustrated with maps, photos, paintings, and genealogies, it contains a wealth of information on the rulers of Britain, including their policies, personalities, key dates, and legacies. Feature articles throughout the guide provide in-depth information on key royal topics, including Coronations, Regalia, the Tower of London, and - new to this edition - Westminster Abbey and St Paul's Cathedral.

Oxford Companion to British History [Oxford Reference Online], Oxford University Press, 2009.
Covers all aspects of the history of Britain from 55 BC to the present day. Written by over 100 distinguished specialist contributors this source touches all aspects of British history: political, economic, social, military, people, events, and institutions.

Oxford Companion to Scottish History [Oxford Reference Online], Oxford University Press, 2007.
Covers archaeology, climate, culture, languages, immigration, migration, and emigration. Multi-authored entries analyze key themes such as national identity, women and society, living standards, and religious belief across the centuries in an authoritative yet approachable way. The A-Z entries are complemented by maps, genealogies, a glossary, a chronology, and an extensive guide to further reading.







Jacket image






Other Reference Sources back to top

Gale Biography in Context [Thomson/Gale]
Formerly known as Biography Resource Center, this collection includes biographies from Gale reference books as well as full-text articles from hundreds of periodicals. Search for a person by name or personal facts [birth and death year, nationality, ethnicity, occupation or gender] or combine criteria to create a highly-targeted custom search.

Style Guides   back to top

Guidelines for Writing Papers in History Courses, Dr. Richard Heiser, History Dept.

Suggestions for Paper Writers, Dr. Anita Gustafson, History Dept.

Writing Center, Presbyterian College
Citation styles, writing guides, and scheduling an appointment with a tutor.

Find Library Books, eBooks   back to top
THOMCAT   back to top


Use the online catalog to locate materials in Thomason Library. You can search by author, title,  keyword, or subject.

  • Search for a person, as AUTHOR or SUBJECT, with last name, first name:              

Person as AUTHOR


Lenman, Bruce            PASCAL books by Lenman

  Person as SUBJECT  
  Robert I, King of Scotland, 1274-1329  
  Wallace William Sir D 1305  
  • SUBJECT searching requires use of Library of Congress subject headings. The terms below are examples of Subject Headings in THOMCAT related to Scottish history:



Scotland Church History

  Reformation--Scotland 4+
  Scotland History  
  Scotland--History--War of Independence, 1285-1371 3
  Great Britain--Romans 6+

Great Britain--History


Great Britain--History--Anglo Saxon period, 449-1066

  Great Britain--History--Norman period, 1066-1154  
  Great Britain--History--Angevin period, 1154-1216  
  Great Britain--History--13th century  
  Great Britain--History--14th century  

Great Britain--History--Tudors, 1485-1603


Great Britain--History--Stuarts, 1603-1714


Great Britain--History--Civil War, 1642-1649




Stuarts, 1603-1714--Great Britain--History


Tudors, 1485-1603--Great Britain--History

  • The subject links below from the catalog lead to more books available for loan through PASCAL Delivers:
PASCAL Catalog items
  Reformation--Scotland 72+
  Great Britain--Romans 87
  Plantagenets 60
  Stuarts, 1603-1714--Great Britain History 570
  Tudors--Great Britain History 490
            See PASCAL Catalog search tips below...  




Subject searching is an effective and precise method of searching the catalog, however, KEYWORD searching has benefits, also.

  • Try a KEYWORD search using two or three of the most significant words from the title or subject if you are unsure of the exact title or the correct subject heading to use. Place phrases in "quotation marks."

  • Connect words with AND, OR, NOT to focus your search.
  • Try truncation at the end of a word stem to retrieve singular, plural, and other variations of the word.  Use an asterisk (*) to truncate from 1 to 5 characters. Use a double asterisk (**) to include word endings with an unlimited number of characters.
KEYWORD Searching Tips

· Use AND between words to narrow your search:
Stirling AND seige*

· Use OR between words to expand your search and
group words with parentheses:
(Robert I OR Robert the Bruce) AND warfare

· Add * to the root of a word to truncate or
expand a term:
court* = courts, courtier, courtiers

· Use "quotation marks " around a phrase

to find the exact phrase:

"Roman Britain"

Try KEYWORD searching with THOMCAT, PASCALcat, & the library's article databases


PASCALCatalog   back to top


If you need books in addition to those found at Thomason Library, search this combined catalog of college & university libraries in South Carolina. Through PASCAL Delivers, you can order books online for delivery within 3-4 working days.


PASCAL Catalog searching is similar to searching in THOMCAT. An added BONUS in THOMCAT is a pass-through from search results in THOMCAT to the same search results in PASCAL with one click on the PASCAL icon like the red box on the right.

The pass through is available on any search at any level:

  • A PC book you need is checked out? Click the PASCAL icon for other copies available in SC.

  • Need more items on a subject? PASCAL items on that subject are just a click away.

PASCAL Delivers SC's virtual academic library

This service for current PC students, faculty, and staff is a project of PASCAL- Partnership Among SC Academic Libraries. Borrowers will be notified by e-mail when requested items arrive at Thomason Library. Click here for more info on searching and ordering. It's easy!

EBSCO eBook collection back to top


PC now subscribes to a collection of over 5,000 EBSCO eBooks!

How do I find these eBooks?

  • Many of these eBooks are included in your THOMCAT search results. Look for icon in results, OR
  • Perform an Advanced search in THOMCAT and choose                                       Material Type: eBooks to find items strictly in eBook format,
  • Search the EBSCO eBook link directly.

In THOMCAT click on the "Connect directly to this resource" link, then "View this eBook".

Explore the eBook Table of Contents or search the entire book. NetLibrary books are available in several languages which you may select at the bottom of the details page.




A catalog of books and materials at libraries worldwide. Try searching here to find ALL books available on a topic. Materials available at Thomason Library are highlighted and others can be borrowed through ILL or searched in PASCAL Catalog.

Interlibrary Loan

You need to use Interlibrary Loan when:

  • a book you really need is not available at PC or through PASCAL Delivers
  • an article you need is not available at PC [you've already checked Journal Finder to see if the library has access to the journal for the date that you need]

ILL is available to PC students, faculty and staff in order to share resources between libraries. Click ILL link above for instructions.

Find Journal Articles: articles contain current info on a topic    
Article Databases   back to top

The following journal databases are available to PC students, faculty, and staff from on- and off-campus locations.  Search using terms dealing with your topic.


Academic Search Complete [EBSCOhost]

Scholarly, multi-disciplinary full-text database, with more than 8,500 full-text periodicals, including more than 7,300 peer-reviewed journals.

Gale World History in Context
Default search is US & World, you can choose either, however. Includes a comprehensive collection of award-winning reference, full-text articles from leading scholarly publications, an array of primary sources, and images, maps and charts which provide expansive geographic and chronologic research materials for the study of U.S. and World history.

Iter: Gateway to the Middle Ages and Renaissance
Indexes articles, books and essays dealing with years 400-1700 (Middle Ages and Renaissance), Iter Italicum, International Directory of Scholars, Scholars of Early Modern Studies, International Directory of Renaissance and Reformation Associations and Institutes, Baptisteria Sacra: An Iconographic Index of Baptismal Fonts. Very few full-text articles, but an excellent journal index. Interlibrary Loan is an option for acquiring articles not available at the library.

JSTOR Arts & Sciences Collections I, II, & III contain an archive of full-text journals which are searchable through JSTOR. This collection is essential for history research as it indexes important history journals. The most current three to five year issues of the journals are not available in this archive as specified by the publishers in their agreements with JSTOR.





Project Muse
Current and recent volumes of core journals in the humanities and social sciences. See Muse titles indexed in
History. Titles with green arrow are part of PC’s full-text subscription. Articles from non-subscribed titles can be acquired through Interlibrary Loan.


Key Journals   back to top


Comitatus: A Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies
A peer-reviewed annual publication from the Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies at UCLA.

Early Medieval Europe
Provides information and debate on the history of Europe from the later Roman Empire to the eleventh century. Topics include archaeology, palaeography, literature, diplomacy, art, history, linguistics, as well as more traditional historical approaches.

Mediaeval Studies
Studies, texts, translations, reference works, and collections of articles relating to the history and culture of the Middle Ages.

Journal of Medieval History

devoted to all aspects of the history of Europe in the Middle Ages. Each issue comprises around four or five articles on European history, including Britain and Ireland, between the fall of Rome and the Renaissance. The Journal also includes review articles, historiographical essays and 'state of research' studies.


  About this Journal

Heroic Age: A Journal of Early Medieval Northwestern Europe

Focuses on North-western Europe during the early medieval period (from the early 4th through 13th centuries).  We seek to foster dialogue between all scholars of this period across ethnic and disciplinary boundaries, including—but not limited to—history, archaeology, and literature pertaining to the period.

Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies

Scholarly studies on any aspect of late Medieval and Early Modern culture and society including art, literature, theatre, music, philosophy, theology and history.

Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies [print only, 1971-1995]

From Duke University Press.

Speculum: A Journal of Mediæval Studies
The oldest U.S. journal devoted exclusively to the Middle Ages. The primary geographic focus of the journal is on Western Europe, but Byzantine, Hebrew, Arabic, and Slavic studies are also included. There are no restrictions as to subject matter: the journal publishes articles and book reviews on any and all aspects of the Middle Ages, including art, history, literature, philosophy and theology, music, science, law, and economics.

Essays in Medieval Studies
Each volume has a thematic focus based on the theme or topic of the annual meeting of Illinois Medieval Association. Recent themes have included children and the family, medieval communities, and emotions in the Middle Ages.


Journal Finder   back to top

Journal Finder provides access to PC's electronic and print journals, magazines, and newspapers in one convenient location.

Search Journal Finder to determine if PC has full text for the journal, magazine or newspaper article you need. Library databases are connected by Journal Finder and lead you to full-text when available.

Search or Browse

Journal Finder

by Title, Full Text Online, Subject, or by Database name

Citation example:

Wormald, Patrick. "Anglo-Saxon Law and Scots Law." Scottish Historical Review 88:2 (2009),


  1. Note the date of the journal issue you need before following Journal Finder link.
  2. Default search is Journals by Title in Full Text. Type or paste the title of the journal or magazine into the empty box (example: Scottish Historical Review).
  3. You may need to select your title from the results by clicking on the title you seek.
  4. Results for your title include up to three categories: Full Text Resources in your library (in print), Full Text Resources Online, and Indexing Only (not full text).
  5. Note the "dates available" in a Full Text category. Click on a database that covers the date you need.
  6. Choose, year and issue OR volume and issue, then look through the contents of that issue for the article you need. Articles are usually listed in page number order and are available in HTML or PDF format.

When browsing or searching, you can read articles from any journal that is available in the

Full-text resources online group of results. Choose a database location in this group based on the dates available and the time frame in which you are interested.

Web Sites   back to top
General Sources    


British History Online [University of London & History of Parliament Trust]
A digital library containing some of the core printed primary and secondary sources for the medieval and modern history of the British Isles.

Encyclopaedia of the Celts [Knud Mariboe]
Browse the Table of contents or by letter.

New! European History Primary Documents [European University Institute]

"A joint venture between various organizations within the European University Institute...this ambitious project attempts to create a single site compiling all digitized primary sources pertaining to European history. The various sites are arranged by nation, language, period, subject, and type of source, creating an easily usable index of digitized European primary sources. The site also features a search box that allows users to search all of the sites contained in the index." description from CHOICE Reviews Online 11/2010

History of the Monarchy [The official website of The British Monarchy]
Navigate using links on left.

The Labyrinth: Resources for Medieval Studies [Georgetown University]
Browse topics or search by category, subcategory, type of materials, and/or keyword.

Monarchs of Britain [Britannia History] from ACRL

National Library of Scotland - Digital Gallery

View digitised material from the National Library of Scotland's outstanding collections. These special web features offer unique glimpses into a variety of chapters of Scotland's story.

The Word on the Street [National Library of Scotland]
Online collection of nearly 1,800 broadsides lets you see for yourself what 'the word on the street' was in Scotland between 1650 and 1910.

The ORB [College of Staten Island, SUNY now hosting this site]
Site is migrating to new location and is under construction this summer. The ORB
Encyclopedia has a chronological arrangement, from Early, through High, to Late Medieval Periods, as well as coverage of religion & religious orders, language, and culture: art, literature, philosophy, women’s studies and more.

Mostly Medieval: Exploring the Middle Ages http://lii.org/images/clearpixel.gifhttp://lii.org/images/clearpixel.gif[Susan Wallace]
http://lii.org/images/clearpixel.gifInformation on heraldry, myths and legends, religion, medicine, and other aspects of life in Britain during the Middle Ages. The site includes a calendar of holy days and festivals, ballads with synopses, and clip art.
description from Librarians’ Internet Index

TimeRef   [Mark Needham]
http://lii.org/images/clearpixel.gifThis searchable site features timelines of events in Great Britain from 800 to 1499. "Maps show the locations of castles, abbeys, and cathedrals in England, Scotland, and Wales. Every person and building on this site has its own timeline and links to related subjects." Includes a glossary of terms, information on architectural styles, and three-dimensional images of buildings. Parts of the site do not display properly in Netscape.
description from Librarians’ Internet Index

Treasures From the National Archives http://lii.org/images/clearpixel.gifhttp://lii.org/images/clearpixel.gif[British National Archives]
http://lii.org/images/clearpixel.gifThe National Archives of England, Wales and the United Kingdom spans 1000 years of British history, from Domesday Book of 1086 to government papers recently released to the public. View images of original documents and artifacts by theme or date, or browse the online exhibitions that cover a variety of historical topics and feature photos, original documents, and film clips.
description from Librarians’ Internet Index

Treasures in Full: Magna Carta http://lii.org/images/clearpixel.gifhttp://lii.org/images/clearpixel.gif[The British Library]
http://lii.org/images/clearpixel.gifOn this site you will find one of the British Library's two copies of Magna Carta, issued by King John's chancery in 1215. Also features background about this document that "established for the first time a very significant [English] constitutional principle: that the power of the king could be limited by a written grant," and an English translation of the Latin original.
description from Librarians’ Internet Index

Tudor History http://lii.org/images/clearpixel.gifhttp://lii.org/images/clearpixel.gif[Lara E. Eakins]
http://lii.org/images/clearpixel.gifIncredibly comprehensive and thorough site on English Kings Henry VII and VIII and Edward VI, and Queens Jane Grey, Mary I, and Elizabeth I. Also includes information on Henry VIII's wives; lists and biographies of important people in Tudor history; life in Tudor England; architecture; chronologies and glossaries; genealogical trees; primary sources (electronic texts and documents); and even Tudor humor. Numerous portraits, as well as pictures of architecture and maps.
description from Librarians’ Internet Index

Uniting the Kingdoms? 1066-1603 http://lii.org/images/clearpixel.gifhttp://lii.org/images/clearpixel.gif[British National Archives]
http://lii.org/images/clearpixel.gifThis exhibition looks at how the governments and people of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales, and of England's French territories, interacted in politics, warfare, religion, trade and everyday life" during the Middle Ages. Includes maps, and a listing of the monarchs for Scotland, England, and France.
description from Librarians’ Internet Index



Get Help   back to top
Stop by the
Reference Desk

Teresa Inman 833-8313
Dan Lee 833-8437


Hours: 8.30 am - 10 pm for research questions & assistance. Personal appointments also available.
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