James H. Thomason Library

History 3240

History of the South

Reference Sources

Boone Hall, Mount Pleasant, SC  

  Print Encyclopedias & Dictionaries
  Atlases, Maps, & Statistical Sources
  Style Guides
Locating Books
  PASCAL Catalog
  WorldCat & I.L.L.
Locating Articles
  Article Databases
  Historic Newspapers
  Journal Finder
Web Sites
Get Help

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Reference Sources    
Print Encyclopedia & Dictionaries   back to top

For broad coverage of topics refer to the following library reference works:

Almanacs of American Life, Facts on  File, 1995-2002.

Main Level, Reference: R 973 Al62A [5 vols]

v. 1 Colonial America to 1763; v. 2 Revolutionary America, 1763 to 1800; v. 3 Victorian America, 1876 to 1913; v. 4 Modern America, 1914 to 1945; v. 5 Cold War America, 1946 to 1990. Volumes include statistical tables.

American Decades, Gale Research, 2001.
Main Level, Reference: R 973.9 Am35A [10 vols, supplement]
Each volume has its own index. Look under heading [i.e. immigrants] for specific page numbers.

American Decades Primary Sources, Thomson Gale, 2004.
Main Level, Reference: R 973.9 Am35A suppl [10 vols]
A companion to the American Decades series providing insight into the seminal issues, themes, movements and events from each decade of the 20th century through oral histories, songs, speeches, letters, photographs, advertisements, cartoons, and newspaper articles compiled in a print volume for each decade.

American Eras, Gale Research, 1997. 
Main Level, Reference: R 973.8 Am35A [8 vols]
Arranged by time period or era. Check index for specific topics during a specific time period.

American Immigrant Cultures: Builders of a Nation , Simon & Schuster Macmillan, 1997.
Main Level, Reference: R 305.800973 Am35A [2 vols]

Includes info on each immigrant group of the U.S.  Appendix in Vol 2 has ancestry statistics from 1990 Census responses.

Dictionary of American History, Thomson Learning, 2003.
Main Level, Reference: R 973.03 D561D [10 vols]
Coverage includes political, military, and economic development, as well as the social, cultural, personal, and demographic considerations which contribute to the ever-expanding knowledge of the American experience. Each entry is signed and includes cross-references and a bibliography.

Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political, Social, and Military History, ABC-CLIO, c2000.

Main Level, Reference:  R 973.703 En19E [5 vols]

Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History, New York : Scribner, c2001.

Main Level, Reference: R 973.03 En19E3 [3 vols]

v. 1. Historical periods, Early America, 1771-1838, 1838-1877, 1878-1912, 1913-1940

v. 2. Historical periods, 1941-1959, 1960-1980, 1981-2000, peoples, places, God & nature, political order

v. 3. Economic order, social order, knowledge, the arts, methods, index for all 3 vols

Encyclopedia of American Immigration, M. E. Sharpe, 2001.
Main Level, Reference: R 304.8 En19E [4 vols]

The Encyclopedia of Colonial and Revolutionary America, Facts on File, c1990.

Main Level, Reference: R 973.303 En19E

Encyclopedia of Multiculturalism, Marshall Cavendish, 1994, 1998.
Main Level, Reference: R 306.446 En19E [8 vols]

Encyclopedia of the Great Depression, Macmillan Reference USA, c2004.
Main Level, Reference: R 973.916 En19E [2 vols]

Encyclopedia of the North American Colonies, Scribner's Sons, c1993.

Main Level, Reference: R 940.03 En19E [3 vols]

Encyclopedia of Religion in the South, Mercer University Press, 2005.

Main Level, Reference:  R 200.975 En19E

Encyclopedia of Rural America: the Land and People, ABC-CLIO, 1997.

Main Level, Reference: R 973.09173 En19E [2 vols]

Encyclopedia of the United States in the Twentieth Century, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1996.
Main Level, Reference: R 973.003 En19E [5 vols]
Presents lengthy essays on political, economic, social, cultural, and technological developments that have marked the century. Includes cross-references, bibliographical essays, a chronology, and an index volume.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Sharon Malinowski  and Anna Sheets, editors. Gale, 1998.

Main Level, Reference: R 970.00497 G131G [4 vols]

Handbook of North American Indians. William C. Sturtevant, general editor.   Smithsonian Institution, 1978-2006.
Main Level, Reference:
R 970.00497 H191H

Library has volumes 3 through 15, and v.17.  Volume 14=Southeast.

Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups, Belknap Press, 1980.
Main Level, Reference: R 973.04 H261H   
Although somewhat dated, this title provides an excellent historical overview of emigration to the United States by various nationalities and ethnic groups.

  The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture,

University of North Carolina Press, 2006.

Main Level, Reference: R 975.00321 N42N

[16 vols]

Don't miss this growing set of books with volumes covering religion, folklife, agriculture

& industry, sports & recreation, music, history, foodways, with more to come. Use the index

in each volume to look for specific topics in

your area.


E-book Encyclopedia Collections

  back to top

Search these collections of eReference Encyclopedias or select a relevant individual title:

CREDO Reference

Cassell's Peoples, Nations, & Cultures, Weidenfeld & Nicolson 2005.

Dictionary of Physical Geography, Blackwell Pub, 2000.

Encyclopedia of the U.S. in the Nineteenth Century, Gale, 2007.

Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World Dictionary, Omnigraphics, 2005.


Historic guide to the world's peoples from the earliest times to the present.


Includes coverage of geologic change, climate, biogeography, hydrology, and the human impact. Provides definitions of terms you may encounter.


Covers all aspects of 19th century history: population, politics and government, economy and work, society and culture, religion, social problems and reform, everyday life, and foreign policy.

Facts about U.S. States, tourism, legal holidays, and more!
Also available in print,  Main Level, Reference:

R 394.26 T377H (1994 ed.)









Gale Virtual Reference Library [also known as GVRL]

Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America, Gale Group, 2000.



Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History, Gale Group, 2000.

Gale Library of Daily Life: Slavery and America


“Signed, scholarly articles covering a variety of ethnic groups within the U.S., including immigrant and native cultures. Each article presents an overview, ethnic relations, assimilation, traditions, culture, economic conditions, organizations and much more. Sources for additional study are listed for each group. The third volume contains an index.”
Also available in print,  Main Level, Reference:
R 305.800973 G131G
[2 vols]

Provides era overviews, event/movement profiles, biographies, business/industry profiles, geographic profiles, and more.


Illuminates daily life in slave society in America from colonial times to the end of the Civil War. Provides information on the business and regulation of slavery, the plantation way of life, work, family and community, culture and leisure, health and medicine, religion, resistance and rebellion.








SAGE Reference

Search over 40 authoritative and award-winning social sciences encyclopedias for your topic.    


Oxford African American Studies Center

A comprehensive online collection from Oxford University Press focusing on the lives and events which have shaped African American history and culture. Includes images, primary sources, maps and content from the following reference works from Oxford:

Africana: Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience

African American National Biography

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895
Encyclopedia of African American History, 1896 to the Present





U.S. History and Culture: Sharpe Online Reference [SOLR]

Search this collection of 9 eBooks from M.E. Sharpe Publishing and explore the broad range of events, people, movements, and political, social, economic, and cultural issues that have shaped the United States from earliest times to the present day. Includes web links, primary sources, teacher resources, as well as a searchable image gallery.

Colonial America

Encyclopedia of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era

Encyclopedia of the Jazz Age

Encyclopedia of the Great Depression and New Deal

Postwar America: An Encyclopedia of Social, Political, Cultural, and Economic History

American Presidential Campaigns and Elections

Social Issues in America: An Encyclopedia

Encyclopedia of American Social Movements

Encyclopedia of American Folklife









Atlases, Maps, & Statistical Sources   back to top

Almanacs of American Life, Facts on  File, 1995-2002.

Main Level, Reference: R 973 Al62A [5 vols]

v. 1 Colonial America to 1763; v. 2 Revolutionary America, 1763 to 1800; v. 3 Victorian America, 1876 to 1913; v. 4 Modern America, 1914 to 1945; v. 5 Cold War America, 1946 to 1990.

Volumes include statistical tables.

Atlas of American Migration, Facts on File, 1998.
Upper Level, Circulating Collection: 304.80973 F613A

Historical Census Browser [University of Virginia Library]
Census data from 1790 to 1960, drawn directly from historical volumes of the U.S. Census of Population and Housing. The Browser allows users to view category data over a number of years. By using “Ethnicity/Race/Place of Birth” category, users can map immigrant population by date and by state.

Historical Statistics of the South 1790-1970: a compilation of state-level census statistics for the sixteen states... , University of Alabama Press, 1973.

Main Level, Reference: R 317.5 D661H


Style Guides   back to top

Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, The University of Chicago Press, 2003.

Main Level, Ready Reference: R 808.027 C432C

Research and Documentation Online: Chicago Style - History Papers [Bedford St./Martin's, 5th edition]

Writing Center, Presbyterian College
Citation styles, writing guides, and scheduling an appointment with a tutor.


Locating Books
THOMCAT back to top

Use the online catalog, THOMCAT, to locate books in Thomason Library. You can search by author, title, keyword, or subject.

  • Search for a person, as AUTHOR or SUBJECT, with last name, first name:              

Kennedy, Billy  [as AUTHOR]

  Long, Huey Pierce, 1893-1935 [as SUBJECT]  
  • SUBJECT searching requires use of Library of Congress subject headings. The terms below are examples of subject headings related to sub-regions of the South:

THOMCAT Subjects


Alabama Reconstruction  

  Chesapeake Bay Md And Va  

Delta (Miss. : Region)

  French Americans 2

Geography United States

  Shenandoah River Valley (Va. and W. Va.) -- History 5

Shenandoah Valley Campaign 1861

  Tennessee Valley Authority  

Be sure to use the pass-through to PASCAL for additional books!




PASCAL Subjects

  Delta (Miss. : Region)
  French Americans
  Shenandoah River Valley (Va. and W. Va.) -- History

Subject searching is an effective and precise method of searching the catalog, however, KEYWORD searching has benefits, also.

  • If you are unsure of the exact title or the correct subject heading to use, try a KEYWORD search using two or three of the most significant words from the title or subject you are trying to find. Place phrases in "quotation marks."

  • Connect words with AND, OR, NOT to focus your search.
  • Try truncation at the end of a word stem to retrieve singular, plural, and other variations of the word.  Use an asterisk (*) to truncate from 1 to 5 characters. Use a double asterisk (**) to include word endings with an unlimited number of characters.
KEYWORD Searching Tips

· Use AND between words to narrow your search:
north* AND alabama

· Use OR between words to expand your search and
group words with parentheses:
immigrant AND (laborers OR workers)

· Add * to the root of a word to truncate or expand
a term:
immigra* = immigrant, immigrants, immigrate, immigration

Try KEYWORD searching with THOMCAT, other library catalogs & library databases


eBooks back to top

EBSCO eBook Academic Collection 
Over 80,000 electronic books covering a wide range of academic disciplines.

EBSCO eBook Collection

Approximatley 8,000 electronic books covering a vast array of topics and themes.

ebrary eBook Collection 
Approximatley 70,000 electronic books covering a vast array of topics and themes.


PASCAL Catalog back to top

PASCAL Catalog

When you need books in addition to those found at Thomason Library, try your search in the PASCAL Catalog for books you can borrow from other academic libraries in SC. Through the PASCAL Delivers service, you can order books online for delivery within 3-4 working days.


PASCAL Catalog searching is similar to searching in THOMCAT. An added BONUS in THOMCAT is a pass-through from search results in THOMCAT to the same search results in PASCAL with one click on the PASCAL icon like the red box on the right > > >

The pass through is available on any search at any level:

  • A PC book you need is checked out? Click the PASCAL icon for other copies available in SC.

  • Need more items on a subject? PASCAL items on that subject are just a click away.

This free service for current PC students, faculty, and staff is a project of PASCAL- Partnership Among SC Academic Libraries. Borrowers will be notified by e-mail when requested items arrive at Thomason Library. Click here for searching and ordering tips.

WorldCat & I.L.L. back to top

A catalog of books and materials at libraries worldwide. Try searching here to find ALL books available on a topic. Materials available at Thomason Library are highlighted and others can be borrowed through ILL or searched in the PASCAL Catalog.

Interlibrary Loan
ILL is available to PC students, faculty and staff in order to share resources between libraries. Click link for instructions.

Locating Articles  
Article Databases/Indexes back to top

The following journal databases are available to PC students, faculty, and staff from on- and off-campus locations.  Search using terms dealing with your topic.

Academic Search Complete [EBSCOhost] 
The world's most valuable and comprehensive scholarly, multi-disciplinary full-text database, with more than 8,500 full-text periodicals, including more than 7,300 peer-reviewed journals.

A searchable archive of over 350 full-text journals covering all disciplines. Includes economics, folklore, history, performing arts, political science, religion, sociology, and ecology & conservation journal articles.

Project MUSE Basic Undergraduate Collection
Current and recent volumes of over 111 core journals in the humanities and social sciences

Historic Newspapers back to top

America’s Historical Newspapers, 1690-1876 [NewsBank Archive of Americana]
A searchable database with issues from over 700 historical American newspapers from 23 states and the District of Columbia focusing largely on the 18th and early 19th centuries. Select specific titles or search publications by state.

The Atlanta Constitution Archive [ProQuest Historical Newspapers]
Full-text & full-image articles from 1868-1945.

The New York Times Archive [ProQuest Historical Newspapers]
Full-text & full-image of NYT articles with coverage from 1851 up to three years ago.

The Nineteenth Century in Print: Periodicals [Library of Congress]
Twenty-three popular periodicals digitized by Cornell University Library and the Library of Congress, including literary and political magazines, as well as Scientific American, Manufacturer and Builder, and Garden and Forest: A Journal of Horticulture, Landscape Art, and Forestry. The longest run is for The North American Review, 1815-1900.

Journal Finder back to top

Journal Finder provides access to PC's electronic and print journals, magazines, and newspapers in one convenient location.


Web Sites back to top

American History in Video [Alexander Street Press]
This collection is an exclusive collaboration with A&E Television Networks and features important documentaries and series from The History Channel®, A&E Network®, and Biography®. Historical coverage ranges from the early history of Native Americans, to the lost colony of Roanoke, to the 1988 Vicennes Affair in the Persian Gulf. Biographical coverage ranges from eighteenth century figures such as Benedict Arnold and Daniel Boone to modern day figures such as Thurgood Marshall and Helen Thomas. Search or browse-- powered by Semantic Indexing and searchable transcripts synchronized to video—gives the ability to drill down in seconds to find the footage of interest from thousands of hours of video.

The Acadian Museum [Erath, Louisiana]

Acadian Memorial  & Museum [St. Martinville, Louisiana]

Museum of the Shenandoah Valley  [Winchester, Virginia]


Get Help   back to top
Stop by the
Reference Desk

Sara Rowe 833-8313
Dan Lee 833-8437


Hours: 8.30 am - 10 pm for research questions & assistance. Personal appointments also available.
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