James H. Thomason Library

   Course Guide
  History 450
: The Many Faces of Fascism

     See also Course Guides for  Spanish 458: Cultures of Fear and History 458: The Holocaust
Reference Sources (background information)           


Hitler & Mussolini greet each other for the first time in Venice (13 June 1934).   ARTstor Image Database.

  Print Dictionaries & Encyclopedias
  e-Reference Books
  Style Guides
Circulating Books
  WorldCat & Interlibrary Loan
Article Databases
  Journal Databases
  Newspaper Databases
  World History in Context database
  Journal Finder
Web Sites
  General & Primary Source Documents
Get Help

  denotes recommended resource
denotes Library subscription

Reference Sources: Background Information on a Topic    
Print Dictionaries & Encyclopedias   back to top

The Blackwell Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Social Thought.
William Outhwaite, Tom Bottomore, editors. Blackwell, 1993.

Main Level, Reference R 300.3 B568B

Dictionary of the Holocaust: Biography, Geography, and Terminology
, Greenwood Press, 1997.
Main Level, Reference: R 940.5318 Ep85D

Encyclopedia of Eastern Europe: From the Congress of Vienna to the Fall of Communism, Garland Publishing, 2000.
Main Level, Reference: R 947.003 En19E

The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, New York University Press, 2001.
Main Level, Reference: R 909.04924 En19E2 [3 vols]

Encyclopedia of the Holocaust
, Macmillan, c1990.
Main Level, Reference: R 940.531803 En19E [4 vols]

Encyclopedia of World War II: A Political, Social and Military History, ABC-Clio, c2005.
Main Level, Reference: R 940.5303 En19E [5 vols]

World War II in Europe: An Encyclopedia, Garland Publishing, 1999.
Main Level, Reference: R 940.5303 W893W [2 vols]
Vol. I Section 1. Social and political issues and events. Section 2. Leaders and individuals. Section 3. Units and organizations -- Vol. II Section 4. Weapons and equipment. Section 5. Strategy, tactics, and operational techniques. Section 6. Battles, campaigns, and operations.
Each section arranged A-Z.


e-Reference Books   back to top

Gale Biography in Context [Gale]
Contains 600,000+ biographies covering more than 525,000 individuals. Includes biographical articles from reference books and periodicals as well as multimedia content.

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History [Oxford Reference Online], Oxford University Press, 2008.
Provides informative and analytical entries on the most important people, organizations and events that have shaped our history from 1900 to the present day.

A Dictionary of Political Biography
[Oxford Reference Online], Oxford University Press, 2003.
Covers all the major figures in world politics of the twentieth century. Authoritative and wide-ranging, it describes and assesses the lives of more than 1000 men and women who have shaped political events across the world.

The Holocaust Chronicle, Publications International, Ltd., 2002. 
This web site contains every word and most images that appear in the print edition of The Holocaust Chronicle, published by Publications International, Ltd. in April 2002. Information was gathered and fact-checked by top Holocaust scholars. Search by index, keyword, chapter, page or date. Includes appendices, further readings, and links.


A Dictionary of Political Biography: Who's Who in Twentieth-Century World Politics (Oxford Paperback Reference)

Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture
[History Resource Center: World] Scribner's: Macmillan Library Reference USA, c1996.
Also available in print, Main Level, Reference:
R 980.003 En19E  [5 vols]

The Encyclopedia of Politics: The Left and the Right [SAGE eReference] Rodney P. Carlisle, editor. SAGE Publications, 2005

Holocaust Encyclopedia [United States Holocaust Memorial Museum]
Online encyclopedia containing articles, historical film footage, photographs, individual histories, survivor testimony, chronologies, related links.  

The Oxford Companion to World War II [Oxford Reference Online], Oxford University Press, 2003.
Every aspect of the war is covered including, detailed surveys of major countries; politics and grand strategy; domestic and economic issues; resistance and intelligence services; campaigns, battles, and military operations; warfare and weapons; wartime leaders and influential people; and slogans and phrases.

Propaganda and Mass Persuasion: A Historical Encyclopedia, 1500 to the Present                          

[CREDO Reference], ABC CLIO, 2003.  
An international, authoritative A–Z guide to five centuries of propaganda, in both wartime and peacetime, which covers key moments, techniques, concepts, and some of the most influential propagandists in history.


Jacket image
Style Guides   back to top


Suggestions for Paper Writers, Dr. Anita Gustafson, History Dept.

Writing Center, Presbyterian College
Citation styles, writing guides, and scheduling an appointment with a tutor.

Find Circulating Books   back to top
ThomCat back to top


Use the online catalog to locate books in Thomason Library. You can search by author, title,  keyword, or subject.

  • Search for a person, as AUTHOR or SUBJECT, with last name, first name:              

Hitler, Adolf 1889-1945     [as AUTHOR]

  Hitler, Adolf 1889-1945     [as SUBJECT]  
  Pinochet Ugarte, Augusto   [as SUBJECT]  
  Mussolini, Benito, 1883-1945   [as SUBJECT]  
  Perón, Juan Domingo, 1895-1974 [as SUBJECT]  
  • SUBJECT searching requires use of Library of Congress (LC) subject headings. The terms below are examples of subject headings in THOMCAT related to this class:
LC Subject Heading Searches in ThomCat
  Hitler, Adolf, 1889-1945  

Anti Nazi Movement


Holocaust, Jewish 1939-1945



  Fascism -- History  
  Fascism -- Europe  
  Fascism -- Europe -- History -- 20th century  
  Fascism -- Spain -- History -- 20th century  
  Fascism -- Austria  
  National socialism  
  Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter-Partei -- History  
  Fascism -- France -- History  
  Fascism -- Italy -- History  
  Italy -- History -- 1914-1945  
  Italy -- History -- 1922-1945  
  Italy -- Politics and government -- 1922-1945  
  Spain -- Politics and government -- 1931-1939  
  Japan -- History -- 1926-1945  
  Totalitarianism -- History -- 20th century  
  Civil-military relations -- Argentina -- History -- 20th century  
  Argentina -- Politics and government -- 1910-1943  
  Argentina -- History -- 1943-  
  National socialism -- Argentina -- History -- 20th century  
  Chile -- Politics and government -- 1973-1988  

State-sponsored terrorism -- Latin America

  Japan -- History -- 1926-1945.  
  Fascism -- Italy -- History -- Sources.  

Subject searching is an effective and precise method of searching the catalog, however, KEYWORD searching has benefits, also.

  • Try a KEYWORD search using two or three of the most significant words from the title or subject if you are unsure of the exact title or the correct subject heading to use. Place phrases in "quotation marks."

  • Connect words with AND, OR, NOT to focus your search.
  • Try truncation at the end of a word stem to retrieve singular, plural, and other variations of the word.  Use an asterisk (*) to truncate from 1 to 5 characters. Use a double asterisk (**) to include word endings with an unlimited number of characters.
KEYWORD Searching Tips

· Add * to the root of a word to truncate or
expand a term:

fascis*= fascist, fascists, fascism
persecut* = persecute, persecuted, persecution

· Use AND between words to narrow your search:
AND Hitler

· Use OR between words to expand your search and
group words with parentheses:
(militarism OR fascism) AND japan

Try KEYWORD searching with THOMCAT, PASCALcat, & the library's article databases

PASCAL   back to top

PASCAL Catalog -If you need books in addition to those found at Thomason Library, search this combined catalog of college & university libraries in South Carolina. Through PASCAL Delivers, you can order books online for delivery within 3-4 working days.


PASCAL Catalog searching is similar to searching in THOMCAT. An added BONUS in THOMCAT is a pass-through from search results in THOMCAT to the same search results in PASCAL with one click on the PASCAL icon.

The pass through is available on any search at any level

  • A PC book you need is checked out? Click the PASCAL icon for other copies available in SC.

  • Need more items on a subject? PASCAL items on that subject are just a click away.

PASCAL Delivers SC's virtual academic library

This service for current PC students, faculty, and staff is a project of PASCAL- Partnership Among SC Academic Libraries. Borrowers will be notified by e-mail when requested items arrive at Thomason Library. Click here for searching and ordering tips. It's easy!

WorldCat & Interlibrary Loan (ILL)   back to top

WorldCat – A catalog of books and materials at libraries worldwide. Try searching here to find ALL books available on a topic. Materials available at Thomason Library are highlighted and others can be borrowed through ILL or searched in PASCALCAT.

Interlibrary Loan - ILL is available to PC students, faculty and staff in order to share resources between libraries. Click link for instructions.


  back to top

ARTstor   (subscription database)
A collection of approximately 300,000 digital images of visual material from different time-periods, cultures, and disciplines derived from several source collections that are the product of collaborations with libraries, museums, photographic archives, publishers, slide libraries, and individual scholars.                 

Online Image Collections:

German History in Documents and Images (GHDI)
In addition to this web site's numerous documents on German History (see description below ), GHDI provides a rich collection of images from German history, with
Italian Life Under Fascism. Selections from the Fry Collection, Dept. of Special Collections, Memorial Univeristy, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Galleries of Holocaust Images  [Florida Center for Instructional Technology, College of Education, University of South Florida]
Photographic images of archival significance as well as recent images of camps and memorials.

The Holocaust History Project
A free archive of documents, photographs, recordings, and essays regarding the Holocaust, including direct refutation of Holocaust-denial. Also includes links and reproductions of various important books.

  The Holocaust History Project. Holocaust-denial and Holocaust history are the focus of this free resource.

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Online Exhibitions
Numerous online exhibitions extending the reach of Museum public programs and covering topics from children, to aftermath, to propaganda, and persecution.  Specific topics include Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Oskar Schindler, trials, 1936 Berlin Olympics, Music of the Holocaust, and more.

Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive
A comprehensive worldwide archival resource for moving image materials pertaining to the Holocaust and related aspects of World War II recorded primarily between 1920 and 1948. This collection can be searched, browsed, and viewed online.

Articles from Journals and Newspapers    
Journal Databases   back to top

The following library subscriptoin databases are available to PC students, faculty, and staff from on- and off-campus locations.  Off-campus users will be prompted for a log-in; use your PC email username and password.

Academic Search Premier
EBSCOhost's journal and magazine articles from all academic disciplines.

JSTOR Arts & Sciences Collections I, II, & III contain an archive of full-text journals which are searchable through JSTOR. This collection is essential for history research as it indexes important history journals. The most current three to five year issues of the journals are not available in this archive as specified by the publishers in their agreements with JSTOR.





Project MUSE
Current and recent volumes of core journals in the humanities and social sciences. See Muse titles indexed in
History and Judaic Studies. Titles with green arrow are part of PC’s full-text subscription. Articles from non-subscribed titles can be acquired through Interlibrary Loan.

Newspaper Databases   back to top

New York Times Archive [ProQuest Historical Newspapers]
Full-text & full-image of NYT articles with coverage from 1851 up to three years ago.

News - LexisNexis
Full-text U.S. & international newspapers & news magazines.

World History in Context [Gale database] back to top

Gale World History in Context
  "A comprehensive collection of award-winning reference books, full-text articles from leading scholarly publications, an array of primary sources, and images, maps and charts which provide expansive geographic and chronologic research materials for the study of world history... supported with over 1,800 primary sources, over 27 reference titles and more than 110 journals. Results provide era, topic, and event overviews, and viewpoint essays."

Journal Finder   back to top

Journal Finder provides access to PC's electronic and print journals, magazines, and newspapers in one convenient location.

Browse Journal Finder by title or subject. When browsing or searching, you can read articles from any journal that is available in the Full-text resources online group of results. Choose a database in this group based on the dates available and the time frame in which you are interested.

Library article databases are inter-connected by Journal Finder, which will lead you to the full-text of an article when available.


Web Sites   back to top
General Sources & Primary Source Documents   back to top

German History in Documents and Images (GHDI)
GHDI is an initiative of the German Historical Institute, Washington, DC. " A comprehensive collection of primary source materials documenting Germany's political, social, and cultural history from 1500 to the present. It comprises original German texts, all of which are accompanied by new English translations, and a wide range of visual imagery. The materials are presented in ten sections, which have been compiled by leading scholars. All of the materials can be downloaded free of charge for teaching, research, and related purposes; the site is strictly intended for individual, non-commercial use." (from web site).

EuroDocs: Online Sources for European History

History of the Spanish Civil War   From Anarchy Archives: An Online Research Center on the History and Theory of Anarchism.   Links to a variety of resources on this topic. Contains several dead links, however.

Nazi Propaganda 1933-1945 [German Propaganda Archive, Calvin College]
A collection of English translations of National Socialist propaganda for the period 1933-1945, part of a larger site on German propaganda. The goal is to help people understand the great totalitarian systems of the twentieth century by giving them access to primary material. The complete archive is substantial. If you are looking for something specific, try the search function available at the bottom of this page.

Nuremberg Trials Project: a digital document collection  [Harvard Law School Library]
Documents relating to the trial of military and political leaders of Nazi Germany before the International Military Tribunal (IMT) and to the twelve trials of other accused war criminals before the United States Nuremberg Military Tribunals (NMT). Includes trial transcripts, briefs, document books, evidence files, and other papers, that have been studied by lawyers, scholars, and other researchers in the areas of history, ethics, genocide, and war crimes, and are of particular interest to officials and students of current international tribunals involving war crimes and crimes against humanity. At this time three case collections have been digitized and placed on the web.

The Holocaust Chronicle – Links page [holocaustchronicle.org]
Approximately 66 Holocaust-related Web sites arranged by type. Each site has been carefully examined and evaluated by the staff and administrators of holocaustchronicle.org. Below each URL are brief descriptive/evaluative remarks about the site followed by an abridgement of the link's own summation of its content. Some of the links at this site are also included in this guide.

Simon Wiesenthal Center
An international center for Holocaust remembrance and the defense of human rights. Includes the
Museum of Tolerance Online Multimedia Learning Center, with text files, thousands of photos, virtual exhibits, teacher resources, and a site map that organizes the collections.

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum  


Holocaust Encyclopedia

Personal Histories
An online exhibition of the USHMM.

Online Exhibitions
Numerous online exhibitions extending the reach of Museum public programs and covering topics from children, to aftermath, to propaganda, and persecution.  Specific topics include Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Oskar Schindler, trials, 1936 Berlin Olympics, Music of the Holocaust, and more.

Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive
A comprehensive worldwide archival resource for moving image materials pertaining to the Holocaust and related aspects of World War II recorded primarily between 1920 and 1948.
This collection can be searched, browsed, and viewed online.

      <i>Kristallnacht</i> -- literally, “Night of Crystal,” is often referred to as the “Night of Broken Glass.” The name refers to the wave of violent anti-Jewish pogroms which took place on November 9 and 10, 1938 throughout Germany, annexed Austria, and in areas of the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia recently occupied by German troops.

 Kristallnacht, the night of broken glass,
Nov. 9-10, 1938

from the Holocaust Encyclopedia, USHMM

Witness to the Holocaust Project [Emory University]
Browse the Fred R. Crawford collection contents
here to select from collected eye witness oral history transcripts from Holocaust survivors and camp liberators (pdf file format), documentation and analysis of the long-term effects of the Holocaust, or information on smaller camps and sub-camps about about which little was known. Ninety-three transcripts (60% of the total number) have been digitized (2000).


Get Help   back to top
Stop by the
Reference Desk

Teresa Inman 833-8313
Dan Lee 833-8437


Hours: 8.30 am - 10 pm for research questions & assistance. Personal appointments also available.
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