James H. Thomason Library

History 458 Course Guide: Special Topics - The Holocaust
Find Background Information

Circa 1935: two Jewish pupils are humiliated before their classmates. The inscription on the blackboard reads "The Jew is our greatest enemy!
Beware of the Jew!”

The Pictorial History of the Holocaust, Edited by Yitzhak Arad, Macmillan Publishing Company, NY, 1990

  Dictionaries & Encyclopedias
  e-Reference Books
  Other Reference
  Style Guides
Find Circulating Books
  PASCAL Catalog
  WorldCat and ILL
Find Media Materials
  DVD Video CD
Find Journal Articles
  Article Databases
  Key Journals
  Journal Finder
Find Relevant Web Sites
Get Help

  denotes recommended resource
denotes Library subscription

Find Reference Sources: background information on a topic    
Atlases   back to top

The Atlas of Jewish History, William Morrow and Company, 1993.
Main Level, Reference: R 911.56 G374A

“Traces world-wide Jewish migrations from ancient Mesopotamia to modern Israel. Portrays the construction, achievements and normalities of Jewish life through almost 4,000 years … and the irrational violence which pursued the Jews in every century and to almost every corner of the globe.” description taken from preface   

Atlas of Modern Jewish History, Oxford University Press, 1990.
Main Level, Reference: ATLAS 812.13058 F915A
Contains maps of recent historical, geographical, and demographic data on the Jewish people while providing information on economic, ideological, and religious development. Helpful sections include the European Jewry between the world wars and the 1940-1980s.

A Concise Historical Atlas of Eastern Europe, St. Martin's Press, 1996.
Main Level, Reference: R 911.47 H928C

Dictionaries & Encyclopedias   back to top

For background information and definitions refer to the following library reference works and online reference collections:

Dictionary of American History, Thomson Learning, 2003.
Main Level, Reference:
R 973.03 D561D [10 vols]
An authoritative reference covering a wide range of topics in American history with illustrations and maps enhancing the text.

Dictionary of the Holocaust: Biography, Geography, and Terminology, Greenwood Press, 1997.
Main Level, Reference: R 940.5318 Ep85D

Encyclopaedia Judaica, Macmillan, 1973.
Main Level, Reference: R 296.03 En19E [16 vols]

The Encyclopaedia of Judaism, Brill, 2005.
Main Level, Reference: R 296.03 En19E3 [4 vols]

Encyclopedia of Eastern Europe: From the Congress of Vienna to the Fall of Communism, Garland Publishing, 2000.
Main Level, Reference: R 947.003 En19E


Encyclopedia of German Resistance to the Nazi Movement. Wolfgang Benz and Walter H. Pehle, editors. Continuum, 1997. Main Level, Reference: R 943.08603 En19E

The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, New York University Press, 2001.
Main Level, Reference: R 909.04924 En19E2 [3 vols]

Encyclopedia of the Holocaust, Macmillan, c1990.
Main Level, Reference: R 940.531803 En19E [4 vols]

Encyclopedia of World War II: A Political, Social and Military History, ABC-Clio, c2005.
Main Level, Reference: R 940.5303 En19E [5 vols]

The Holocaust Encyclopedia, Yale University Press, c2001.
Main Level, Reference: R 940.5318 H741H

Holocaust Literature: An Encyclopedia of Writers and their Works, Routledge, 2003.

Main Level, Reference: R 809.93358 H741H [2 vols]

The New Encyclopedia of Judaism, New York University Press, 1989.
Main Level, Reference: R 296.03 N42N

World War II in Europe: An Encyclopedia, Garland Publishing, 1999.
Main Level, Reference: R 940.5303 W893W [2 vols]
Vol. I Section 1. Social and political issues and events. Section 2. Leaders and individuals. Section 3. Units and organizations -- Vol. II Section 4. Weapons and equipment. Section 5. Strategy, tactics, and operational techniques. Section 6. Battles, campaigns, and operations.
Each section arranged A-Z.


e-Reference Books   back to top

Gale Biography in Context [Thomson/Gale]
Biography Resource Center includes biographies from Gale reference books as well as full-text articles from hundreds of periodicals. Search for a person by name or personal facts [birth and death year, nationality, ethnicity, occupation or gender] or combine criteria to create a highly-targeted custom search.

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History [Oxford Reference Online], Oxford University Press, 2008.
Provides informative and analytical entries on the most important people, organizations and events that have shaped our history from 1900 to the present day.

A Dictionary of Political Biography [Oxford Reference Online], Oxford University Press, 2003.
Covers all the major figures in world politics of the twentieth century. Authoritative and wide-ranging, it describes and assesses the lives of more than 1000 men and women who have shaped political events across the world.




A Dictionary of Political Biography: Who's Who in Twentieth-Century World Politics (Oxford Paperback Reference)

Historical Dictionary of the Holocaust [EBSCO eBooks],2nd ed.  Jack R. Fischel  Scarecrow Press, 2010.
The second edition expands upon the first with an updated chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and over 400 cross-referenced dictionary entries on significant events, personalities, issues, and films and literature—because much of the public derive their understanding of the Holocaust from the arts. (Publisher's description).

The Holocaust Chronicle, Publications International, Ltd., 2002. 
This web site contains every word and most images that appear in the print edition of The Holocaust Chronicle, published by Publications International, Ltd. in April 2002. Information was gathered and fact-checked by top Holocaust scholars. Search by index, keyword, chapter, page or date. Includes appendices, further readings, and links.

Holocaust Encyclopedia [United States Holocaust Memorial Museum]
Online encyclopedia containing articles, historical film footage, photographs, individual histories, survivor testimony, chronologies, related links.  

Holocaust Glossary [About.com]

Holocaust Glossary [Jewish Virtual Library, American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise]

Holocaust Literature: An Encyclopedia of Writers and their Work [CREDO Reference], Routledge, 2003.  
Also available in print, Main Level, Reference: R 809.93358 H741H [2 vols]

Nuremberg Trials Project: a digital document collection  [Harvard Law School Library]
Documents relating to the trial of military and political leaders of Nazi Germany before the International Military Tribunal (IMT) and to the twelve trials of other accused war criminals before the United States Nuremberg Military Tribunals (NMT). Includes trial transcripts, briefs, document books, evidence files, and other papers, that have been studied by lawyers, scholars, and other researchers in the areas of history, ethics, genocide, and war crimes, and are of particular interest to officials and students of current international tribunals involving war crimes and crimes against humanity. At this time three case collections have been digitized and placed on the web.

New title! Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence [Jacques Semelin, editor, Center for International Studies and Research (CERI)]

"With contributions from a team of scholars with expertise in mass violence, CERI's goal is to craft an academically viable, peer-reviewed online encyclopedia while also creating an important base of knowledge for the world community on this unfortunate but very pertinent topic. This online encyclopedia is a free, regularly updated database covering mass violence on an international level through various academic and social services lenses." description from CHOICE 4/2010

The Oxford Companion to World War II [Oxford Reference Online], Oxford University Press, 2003.
Every aspect of the war is covered including, detailed surveys of major countries; politics and grand strategy; domestic and economic issues; resistance and intelligence services; campaigns, battles, and military operations; warfare and weapons; wartime leaders and influential people; and slogans and phrases.

Propaganda and Mass Persuasion:
A Historical Encyclopedia, 1500 to the Present
[CREDO Reference], ABC CLIO, 2003.  
An international, authoritative A–Z guide to five centuries of propaganda, in both wartime and peacetime, which covers key moments, techniques, concepts, and some of the most influential propagandists in history.

To Save a Life: Stories of Holocaust Rescue [Ellen Land-Weber]
This ebook, written by professors at Humboldt University, presents personal narratives and photographs of individuals who endangered their own and their families' lives to save the lives of Jewish people from Nazi-occupied Europe. Site works best using Netscape or Internet Explorer web browsers.

Jacket image
Other Reference Sources back to top

The Holocaust: An Annotated Bibliography and Resource Guide, Ktav Pub. House for the National Jewish Resource Center, New York, c1985.
Main Level, Reference: R 016.94053 H741H

The Oryx Holocaust Sourcebook, Oryx Press, 2002.
Main Level, Reference: R 940.5318 F394O

A bibliography of Holocaust sources.

Style Guides   back to top


Suggestions for Paper Writers, Dr. Anita Gustafson, History Dept.

Writing Center, Presbyterian College
Citation styles, writing guides, and scheduling an appointment with a tutor.

Find Circulating Books  
THOMCAT   back to top

Use the online catalog to locate books in Thomason Library. You can search by author, title,  keyword, or subject.

  • Search for a person, as AUTHOR or SUBJECT, with last name, first name:              

Hitler, Adolf 1889-1945 [as AUTHOR]

  Hitler, Adolf 1889-1945 [as SUBJECT]  
  • SUBJECT searching requires use of Library of Congress subject headings. The terms below are examples of subject headings in THOMCAT related to the Holocaust:

Anti Nazi Movement


Holocaust, Jewish 1939-1945


Holocaust survivors

  Jews--Germany--History--1933-1945    12 @ PC  



Righteous Gentiles in the Holocaust


World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities


World War, 1939-1945--Jews--Rescue


World War, 1939-1945--Concentration Camps

  • The subject links below from the catalog lead to more books available for loan through PASCAL Delivers:
  Germany--Foriegn Public Opinion  
  Holocaust Jewish 1939-1945--Personal Narratives  
  Holocaust Jewish 1939-1945--Public Opinion  

Jews--Germany--History 1933-1945    169 @ PASCAL





Subject searching is an effective and precise method of searching the catalog, however, KEYWORD searching has benefits, also.

  • Try a KEYWORD search using two or three of the most significant words from the title or subject if you are unsure of the exact title or the correct subject heading to use. Place phrases in "quotation marks."

  • Connect words with AND, OR, NOT to focus your search.
  • Try truncation at the end of a word stem to retrieve singular, plural, and other variations of the word.  Use an asterisk (*) to truncate from 1 to 5 characters. Use a double asterisk (**) to include word endings with an unlimited number of characters.
KEYWORD Searching Tips

· Use AND between words to narrow your search:
AND antisemitism

· Use OR between words to expand your search and
group words with parentheses:
(roma OR sinti OR jew*) AND persecution

· Add * to the root of a word to truncate or
expand a term:
persecut* = persecute, persecuted, persecution

Try KEYWORD searching with THOMCAT, PASCALcat, & the library's article databases



THOMCAT examples

A Measure of Memory: Storytelling and Identity in American Jewish Fiction, Univ. of Georgia Press, 1996.
Upper Level:
813.0098924 Aa75M

A Promise to Remember: The Holocaust in the Words and Voices of its Survivors, Bulfinch Press, c2003.
Upper Level: 940.53180922 B451P [book + CD]

Maus I:  A Survivor's Tale: My Father Bleeds History, Art Spiegelman, New York: Pantheon Books, c1986.
Upper Level: 940.53180207 Sp43M

Maus II: A Survivor's Tale: And Here My Troubles Began, Art Spiegelman, New York: Pantheon Books, c1991.  
Upper Level: 940.53180207 Sp43M2



PASCAL Catalog back to top

If you need books in addition to those found at Thomason Library, search this combined catalog of college & university libraries in South Carolina. Through PASCAL Delivers, you can order books online for delivery within 3-4 working days.


PASCAL Catalog searching is similar to searching in THOMCAT. An added BONUS in THOMCAT is a pass-through from search results in THOMCAT to the same search results in PASCAL with one click on the PASCAL icon.

The pass through is available on any search at any level

  • A PC book you need is checked out? Click the PASCAL icon for other copies available in SC.

  • Need more items on a subject? PASCAL items on that subject are just a click away.

PASCAL Delivers SC's virtual academic library

This service for current PC students, faculty, and staff is a project of PASCAL- Partnership Among SC Academic Libraries. Borrowers will be notified by e-mail when requested items arrive at Thomason Library. Click here for searching and ordering tips. It's easy!

WorldCat & Interlibrary Loan   back to top

WorldCat – A catalog of books and materials at libraries worldwide. Try searching here to find ALL books available on a topic. Materials available at Thomason Library are highlighted and others can be borrowed through ILL or searched in PASCALCAT.

Interlibrary Loan - ILL is available to PC students, faculty and staff in order to share resources between libraries. Click link for instructions.


Find Media Materials: audio visuals in the PC Library    
DVD, Video, CD   back to top

Search THOMCAT using the DVD/Video TAB or the CD Music TAB to find different media formats:

  • When searching for visual or film materials, choose the DVD/Video TAB, enter search keyword(s), then choose DVD or VHS (you cannot search both at the same time under this TAB).

DVD Examples (Click on the call # link for more information on item)

Bonhoeffer, First Run Features, 2003.
Lower Level, Media Collection: DVD B B641B

Night and Fog = Nuit et Brouillard, Criterion Collection, [2003].
Lower Level, Media Collection: DVD 940.5318 N563N
One of the first cinematic reflections on the horrors of the Holocaust, the film contrasts the stillness of the abandoned camps' quiet, empty buildings with haunting wartime footage.

SHOAH: A Film by Claude Lanzmann, New Yorker Video, 2003. Lower Level, Media Collection: DVD 940.5318 Sh71S [4 disk]
The Nazi extermination of Jews is examined through interviews of survivors, witnesses and perpetrators and through footage of the sites of the death camps and environs as they appear today.

Video Examples

Oskar Schindler Volume 1 & 2: Adolf Hitler and the Holocaust, Simitar Entertainment, Inc., c1994.
Lower Level, Media Collection: VIDEO 940.5318 Os1O [2 vols]

Schindler, HBO Home Video, [199-?].
Lower Level, Media Collection: VIDEO 940.5318 Sch34S
The story of Oskar Schindler is presented through archival film and photographs and interviews with survivors and witnesses.

Survivors of the Holocaust [presented by] Steven Spielberg in association with Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation, Turner Home Entertainment, [1996], c1995.

Lower Level, Media Collection: VIDEO 940.5318 Su79S

The Library no longer orders videos
unless VHS is the only format in which an item is available.
Videos are replaced by DVDs as they are requested
and become available.


Bonhoeffer [DVD]



  • When searching for audio or music materials choose the Music CD TAB and enter keyword(s).

The Library has music selections and speeches relevant to the Holocaust.


CD Examples

Songs of Remembrance, CRI, 2002.
Lower Level, Media Collection: CD 782.54 L837S

Erich Itor Kahn, Selections, CRI, 1988.
Lower Level, Media Collection: CD 786.2 K122I
Three inventions. Nos. 8, 4 & 7 (Thomas Gunther, piano) --Nenia judaeis qui hac aetate perierunt = In memory of the Jews who perished in the Holocaust (John Sessions, violoncello ; T. Gunther, piano)

Great Speeches of the 20th Century, Volume Two: The Changing World, Rhino Records, p1991.
Lower Level, Media Collection: CD 973.9 G798G v. 2
“On the occasion of Germany's occupation of the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia,” Chancellor Adolf Hitler, 1938.



  back to top

A collection of approximately 300,000 digital images of visual material from different time-periods, cultures, and disciplines derived from several source collections that are the product of collaborations with libraries, museums, photographic archives, publishers, slide libraries, and individual scholars.

Online Image Collections:

Poland in Photographs: Pre-war 1939 to 1944  [New York Public Library Digital Collections]

Galleries of Holocaust Images  [Florida Center for Instructional Technology, College of Education, University of South Florida]
Photographic images of archival significance as well as recent images of camps and memorials.

Holocaust Pictures Exhibition [François Schmitz, 2003]  
Images are disturbing. Originally put on the web by François Schmitz in 1995. During the year 2002, it disappeared from the web.

Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies [Department of Manuscripts and Archives, Yale University]
A collection of over 4,300 videotaped interviews of witnesses and survivors of the Holocaust. View video excerpts which provide a glimpse into the nature and content of the Archive's collection. Each page contains transcripts of several excerpts from a witness' testimony, with a summary of that person's experiences as context.

The Holocaust History Project
A free archive of documents, photographs, recordings, and essays regarding the Holocaust, including direct refutation of Holocaust-denial. Also includes links and reproductions of various important books.


  The Holocaust History Project. Holocaust-denial and Holocaust history are the focus of this free resource.

Holocaust Survivors.org  [John Menszer, Louisiana Endowment for the Humanities]
Begun in 1993 as an idea for a photography project became a touring exhibit and website. Mr. Menszer has traveled around the country photographing and interviewing survivors.  Links to additional Holocaust sites are included.

Simon Wiesenthal Center
An international center for Holocaust remembrance and the defense of human rights. Includes the Museum of Tolerance Online Multimedia Learning Center, with text files, thousands of photos, virtual exhibits, teacher resources, and a site map that organizes the collections.

A Teachers Guide to the Holocaust [Florida Center for Instructional Technology, College of Education, University of South Florida]
An overview of the people and events of the Holocaust through photographs, documents, art, music, movies, and literature. Link above connects to the site map. Explore

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Online Exhibitions
Numerous online exhibitions extending the reach of Museum public programs and covering topics from children, to aftermath, to propaganda, and persecution.  Specific topics include Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Oskar Schindler, trials, 1936 Berlin Olympics, Music of the Holocaust, and more.

Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive
A comprehensive worldwide archival resource for moving image materials pertaining to the Holocaust and related aspects of World War II recorded primarily between 1920 and 1948. This collection can be searched, browsed, and viewed online.

Find Journal Articles: articles contain current info on a topic    
Article Databases   back to top

The following journal databases are available to PC students, faculty, and staff from on- and off-campus locations.  Search using terms dealing with your topic.


Academic Search Premier - Humanities [EBSCOhost]
Indexes history related journals and magazines, with full-text articles for many.

CQ Historic Documents 1972-2007
36 volumes of primary sources available online in a searchable format. Each volume includes approximately one hundred documents covering the most significant events of the year. These documents range from presidential speeches, international agreements, and Supreme Court decisions to U.S. governmental reports, scientific findings, and cultural discussions. Search by keyword or browse by topic, by title (years 1972-2007), or use the cumulative index (e.g. choose “H”, scroll down to Holocaust).

Gale US & World History in Context
Default search is US & World, you can choose either, however. Includes a comprehensive collection of award-winning reference, full-text articles from leading scholarly publications, an array of primary sources, and images, maps and charts which provide expansive geographic and chronologic research materials for the study of U.S. and World history.

JSTOR Arts & Sciences Collections I, II, & III contain an archive of full-text journals which are searchable through JSTOR. This collection is essential for history research as it indexes important history journals. The most current three to five year issues of the journals are not available in this archive as specified by the publishers in their agreements with JSTOR.





Project Muse
Current and recent volumes of core journals in the humanities and social sciences. See Muse titles indexed in
History and Judaic Studies. Titles with green arrow are part of PC’s full-text subscription. Articles from non-subscribed titles can be acquired through Interlibrary Loan.

New York Times Archive [ProQuest Historical Newspapers]
Full-text & full-image of NYT articles with coverage from 1851 up to three years ago.


Key Journals   back to top


American Historical Review 1895–present
Lower Level, Periodicals: 1933–present

American Quarterly 1949–present
Lower Level, Periodicals: 1995-2004

American Slavic and East European Review 1945-1961 continued by

Slavic Review 1961-2008
An international interdisciplinary journal devoted to the study of eastern Europe, Russia, the Caucasus, and Central Asia, past and present. The journal publishes articles of original and significant research and interpretation, reviews of scholarly books and films, and topical review essays and discussion forums.
Lower Level, Periodicals: 2006-2008

Dimensions: A Journal of Holocaust Studies 2002-present
Issues organized thematically with additional articles included on related topics. Search button will perform basic or choose advanced search.

European History Quarterly 1994-2003

History and Memory 1996-present
A semiannual scholarly journal of research on the formation of historical consciousness, i.e., the area in which collective memory, the writing of history, and other modes of shaping the past merge in the public mind. Focuses on problems of understanding the National Socialist and Fascist epoch, its impact, and its representation. description from Academic OneFile

  History & Memory

Holocaust and Genocide Studies 1996-present 
The leading scholarly journal for the study of the Holocaust sponsored by the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum.

The Journal of American History 1964–current issue
Lower Level, Periodicals: 1964–current issue

Journal of Genocide Research 1999-2007
Seeks to promote multidimensional and comparative inquiry into the topic of genocide.

Memory Studies 2008-present

A new journal started in 2008--browse or perform a quick search at the SAGE site. PC does not have a subscription to this journal but SAGE provides indexing, free abstracts, and some full-text access to older articles and articles in the public interest. Interlibrary Loan is an option for ordering articles not available in full-text.


The Slavonic and East European Review 1970-present
The oldest British journal in the field, having been in existence since 1922. Edited and managed by the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College London, it covers not only the modern and medieval languages and literatures of the Slavonic and East European area, but also history, culture, and political studies.
Lower Level, Periodicals: 1970-2004 print

Journal Finder   back to top

Journal Finder provides access to PC's electronic and print journals, magazines, and newspapers in one convenient location.

Browse Journal Finder by title or subject. When browsing or searching, you can read articles from any journal that is available in the Full-text resources online group of results. Choose a database in this group based on the dates available and the time frame in which you are interested.

Library article databases are inter-connected by Journal Finder, which will lead you to the full-text of an article when available.


Web Sites  
General Sources   back to top


See also THOMCAT find media materials [film, music, images]

BUBL LINK Catalogue of Internet Resources: Holocaust [Centre for Digital Library Research, Strathclyde University, Glasgow, Scotland]  
BUBL organizes and describes internet resources on topics from A-Z and classifies them according to the Dewey Decimal System.  Browse, search, or use subject or country menus to find web links. Uses many British spellings.

Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies [Manuscripts & Archives, Yale University]

Included are over 4,400 testimonies in 22 languages. The collection is kept current, and survivors taped over 30 years ago can update their testimonies. This important, high-quality resource is unique in its content. In comparison to some sites, it does not reflect ideological bias or a media agenda aimed at a sentimental ending. Search mechanisms allow users to search the testimonies by geographic headings or subject headings, or a combination of both using Boolean operators [AND, OR, NOT]. Advanced searching allows users to narrow their results effectively. Tutorials are available. description from CHOICE April 2011

The Holocaust Chronicle – Links page [holocaustchronicle.org]
Approximately 66 Holocaust-related Web sites arranged by type. Each site has been carefully examined and evaluated by the staff and administrators of holocaustchronicle.org. Below each URL are brief descriptive/evaluative remarks about the site followed by an abridgement of the link's own summation of its content. Some of the links at this site are also included in this guide.

Holocaust/Genocide Project-Links to other Sites [iEARN-International Education and Research Network]

In addition to the links above, iEARN provides lesson plans for students and teachers; bibliographies of books, films, music, and computer software; survivor testimonies; and access to computer conferences, UseNet newsgroups, and electronic mail discussion lists and much more.

The Holocaust History Project
A free archive of documents, photographs, recordings, and essays regarding the Holocaust, including direct refutation of Holocaust-denial. Also includes links and reproductions of various important books.

Holocaust Rescue and Relief  [Andover-Harvard Theological Library-Harvard Divinity School]

Made available as they are being digitized, the online records of the Unitarian Universalist Service Committee will contain more than 200,000 digital pages and photographs. Covering 1939–1967, these records document the Committee's work aiding hundreds of persons displaced by World War II.

The Jewish Foundation for the Righteous
“An incorporated nonprofit organization providing monthly financial support for non-Jews who rescued Jews during the Holocaust and preserving their legacy through a national education program.”  Includes accounts of rescues.

Jewish Survivors of the Holocaust Sound Recordings [British Library] -currently unavailable-

The moving and often disturbing testimonies of Jewish migrants and refugees to Britain, many of whom survived Nazi concentration and labour camps, are now available online in their entirety from the British Library. (description from Media NewsWire press release)

The Jewish Virtual Library - The Holocaust  [American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise]
AICE was established in 1993 as a nonprofit 501(c) (3), nonpartisan organization to strengthen the U.S. -Israel relationship by emphasizing the values our nations share. The Holocaust Wing of the Jewish Virtual Library contains articles, original documents, a holocaust glossary, a bibliography, and much more.

Learning About the Holocaust through Art [World ORT]
A significant, high-quality resource about the art of the Holocaust for researchers, educators, students and the wider public produced by a world-wide Jewish charity whose interest lies in education and training.


Nazi Propaganda 1933-1945 [German Propaganda Archive, Calvin College]
A collection of English translations of National Socialist propaganda for the period 1933-1945, part of a larger site on German propaganda. The goal is to help people understand the great totalitarian systems of the twentieth century by giving them access to primary material. The complete archive is substantial. If you are looking for something specific, try the search function available at the bottom of this page.

Nuremberg Trials Collection [Avalon Project, Yale Law School]
The trials of Goering, Hess, Ribbentrop before the International Military Tribunal. Browse contents, by volume, or key documents.

Online Testimony Viewer  [USC Shoah Foundation, University of Southern California]
View segments of testimony from the Institute’s Visual History Archive. Segments are organized according to topics, which include hiding, ghettos, and liberation. Biographical information about each interviewee is included with each testimony clip. A project of filmmaker Steven Spielberg.

Online-Line Reference Sites and Guides [The Holocaust Chronicle, Publications International, Ltd]
Includes links to Holocaust survivor stories, persecuted groups, and survivor organizations.

Simon Wiesenthal Center
An international center for Holocaust remembrance and the defense of human rights. Includes the
Museum of Tolerance Online Multimedia Learning Center, with text files, thousands of photos, virtual exhibits, teacher resources, and a site map that organizes the collections.

A Teachers Guide to the Holocaust [Florida Center for Instructional Technology, College of Education, University of South Florida]
An overview of the people and events of the Holocaust through photographs, documents, art, music, movies, and literature. Link above connects to the site map.

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum  


Holocaust Encyclopedia

Personal Histories
An online exhibition of the USHMM.

Online Exhibitions
Numerous online exhibitions extending the reach of Museum public programs and covering topics from children, to aftermath, to propaganda, and persecution.  Specific topics include Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Oskar Schindler, trials, 1936 Berlin Olympics, Music of the Holocaust, and more.

Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive
A comprehensive worldwide archival resource for moving image materials pertaining to the Holocaust and related aspects of World War II recorded primarily between 1920 and 1948. This collection can be searched, browsed, and viewed online.

<i>Kristallnacht</i> -- literally, “Night of Crystal,” is often referred to as the “Night of Broken Glass.” The name refers to the wave of violent anti-Jewish pogroms which took place on November 9 and 10, 1938 throughout Germany, annexed Austria, and in areas of the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia recently occupied by German troops.

 Kristallnacht, the night of broken glass,
Nov. 9-10, 1938

from the Holocaust Encyclopedia, USHMM

The Gypsy Lore Society
Scholarly examination of Gypsy groups, with strong historical emphasis. The Gypsy Lore Society goals include promotion of the study of Gypsy, Traveler, and analogous peripatetic cultures worldwide and dissemination of accurate information aimed at increasing understanding of these cultures in their diverse forms.

Witness to the Holocaust Project [Emory University]
Browse the Fred R. Crawford collection contents
here to select from collected eye witness oral history transcripts from Holocaust survivors and camp liberators (pdf file format), documentation and analysis of the long-term effects of the Holocaust, or information on smaller camps and sub-camps about about which little was known. Ninety-three transcripts (60% of the total number) have been digitized (2000).

Women and the Holocaust: A Cyberspace of their Own [Judy Cohen]

It is difficult for most scholars and writers to contemplate the Holocaust, let alone the extent to which gender counted in the exploitation and murder of Jews.  Most perspectives on the Holocaust have been gender neutral. However, a careful study of National Socialism as theory and practice does not reveal any more gender neutrality than racial neutrality. Jewish women carried the extra burdens of sexual victimization, pregnancy, childbirth, rape, abortion, the killing of newborns, and often the separation from children.



Yad Vashem (Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority)
Established in 1953 by an act of the Israeli Knesset, Yad Vashem has been entrusted with documenting the history of the Jewish people during the Holocaust period, preserving the memory and story of each of the six million victims, and imparting the legacy of the Holocaust for generations to come through its archives, library, school, museums and recognition of the Righteous Among the Nations.


Get Help   back to top
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