James H. Thomason Library

SPANISH 333: The Age of Chivalry, from El Cid to Don Quixote
Locating Background Information

EL CID CAMPEADOR, bronze, 1927

Anna Hyatt Huntington, sculptor,
Audubon Terrace, Hispanic Society of America, New York City

Spanish Dictionaries
Print Reference Books
E-Reference Book Collections
Citation Style
Locating Books
Reserve List
PASCAL Catalog, WorldCat, ILL
Locating Articles, Images
Article Databases
Image Databases
Journal Finder
Internet Resources
Special Collections, Organizations

Get Help


  recommended resource

denotes library subscription

back to Library Guides

See the Byzantine Empire Guide for related information

Locating Background Information  
Spanish Dictionaries   back to top

Collins Spanish-English, English-Spanish Dictionary, HarperCollins Publishers, 1997.

Main Level, Reference:  R 463.21 Sm53C

Collins Spanish Dictionary [CREDO Reference], HarperCollins, 2005.
Comprehensive and authoritative, with all the words and phrases you need, including specialist vocabulary from every field.

The Concise Oxford Spanish Dictionary (English-Spanish)

The Concise Oxford Spanish Dictionary (Spanish-English)  [Oxford Reference Online], 2004.

Completely updated to include the very latest vocabulary, the Concise Oxford Spanish Dictionary offers authoritative coverage. Brand-new features include in-text notes on life and culture in the Spanish-speaking world.

Diccionario Crítico Etimológico Castellano e Hispánico, Joan Corominas & José A. Pascual, Gredos, 1980-1991.

Main Level Reference:  R 462.03 C816D [6 vols]

Streetwise Spanish Dictionary/Thesaurus: The User-friendly Guide to Spanish Slang and Idioms, McGraw-Hill, c2001.
Main Level, Reference:  R 463.21 G41S

PRINT Reference Books

back to top

Use the index in the last volume of multi-volume sets to find more information. Click on call # links below for item descriptions in THOMCAT.


The Cambridge Introduction to Spanish Poetry, Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Upper Level: 861.009 W171C


The Cervantes Encyclopedia, Greenwood Press, c2004.

Main Level, Reference: R 863.3 M312C [2 vols]

Professor Howard Mancing endeavors to put Cervantes and his works into "a series of contexts: historical, cultural, personal, literary, critical, textual and intertextual."

Diccionario de Argumentos de la Literatura Universal, Editorial Gredos, 1994.

Main Level, Reference: R 803 F889D

Published in Spanish; entries on "Cid" and "Don Quijote."

Chronology of the Medieval World, 800-1491, Simon & Schuster, 1994.
Main Level, Reference: R 909.002 M487C v.2



Diccionario de Historia Eclesiástica de España, Instituto Enrique Flórez, 1972-1987.

Main Level, Reference: R 282.46 D547D [3 vols] 

Published in Spanish; A-R in three volumes.  

A Dictionary of Literary Symbols, Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Main Level, Reference: R 809.915 F373D

Also available in eBook format in CREDO Reference.

Dictionary of the Literature of the Iberian Peninsula, Greenwood Press, 1993.

Main Level, Reference: R 860.03 D561D [2 vols]

Encyclopedia of European Social History from 1350 to 2000, Scribner, c2001.

Main Level, Reference: R 306.094 En19E [6 vols]

v. 6. has INDEX (be sure to check here- information in multiple volumes).

Encyclopedia of Medieval Literature, Greenwood Press, 2000.

Main Level, Reference: R 809.02 En19E

Encyclopedia of Society and Culture in the Medieval World, Facts on File, 2008.

Main Level, Reference:  R 909.07 En19E2 [4 vols]

"Comprehensive A-Z coverage spanning time from the fall of Rome in 476 to the start of the Renaissance in 1500."

Encyclopedia of the Byzantine Empire, McFarland & Co., 2004.
Main Level, Reference:
R 949.502 L423E

Includes maps of the Empire at various stages and photographs of Byzantine buildings and art. The Introduction has info on Spain between 370 and 1492 and entries give additional info on the dynasties in power during this period.

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages, Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 2000.
Main Level, Reference: R 909.07 En19E [2 vols]

European Writers, Scribner, 1983-c1991.
Main Level, Reference: R 809.894 Eu74E
Also searchable online in the Gale Virtual Reference Library. Try a search for Cid.

Folklore: an Encyclopedia of Beliefs, Customs, Tales, Music and Art, ABC-CLIO, 1997.

Main Level, Reference: R 398.03 F719F  [2 vols]

Gramática y Glosario del Poema del Cid: contribución al estudio de los orígenes de la lengua Española, Espasa-Calpe, 1977.

Upper Level: 861.109 Un1G

Hispanic Literature Criticism, Gale Research, c1994.

Main Level, Reference: R H860.9 H625H [2 vols]

Criticism of Spanish and Spanish-American authors’ work. 

Hispanic Literature Criticism Supplement, Gale Group, c1999.

Main Level, Reference: H860.9 H625H suppl [2vols]

Additional criticism of Spanish and Spanish-American authors’ work.


Hispanic Writers: A Selection of Sketches from Contemporary Authors, Gale Research, c1991.
Main Level, Reference: R H860.9 H625H2  

Historical Dictionary of Modern Spain, 1700-1988, Greenwood Press, 1990.
Main Level, Reference: R 946.003 H629H

La Imagen de España en la Antigüedad Clásica, Gredos, c1995.
Upper Level
: 936.6 G586I


Medieval Folklore: an Encyclopedia of Myths, Legends, Tales, Beliefs, and Customs, ABC-CLIO, 2000.

Main Level, Reference: R 398.03 M468M [2 vols]

Motif Index of Folk Literature, Stith Thompson, Rosenkilde and Bagger, [1955-58].

Main Level, Reference: R 398.012 T377N    [6 vols]
A classification of narrative elements in folktales, ballads, myths, fables, mediaeval romances, exempla, fabliaux, jest-books, and local legends.

New Catholic Encyclopedia, Thomson Gale, 2003.

Main Level, Reference: R 282.03 N42N [15 vols]

The Oxford Companion to Spanish Literature, Clarendon Press, 1978.

Main Level, Reference: R 860.3 Ox2O



E-Reference Book Collections and individual titles back to top
Cambridge Histories Online back to top



Search or browse the


and note the relevant individual titles below:

The Cambridge History of Spanish Literature, Robert T Gies, 2004.

Chapters chart a wide range of literary periods and movements. This volume concludes with a consideration of the influences of film and new media on modern Spanish literature.

The Cambridge History of Christianity [9 vols]

The Cambridge History of Judaism [4 vols]

The New Cambridge History of Islam [6 vols]

CREDO Reference back to top




Search the entire CREDO Reference collection of dictionaries, encyclopedias and companions or click and search relevant individual titles below:

Chambers Dictionary of World History [CREDO Reference], Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd., 2005.
Authoritative coverage of the most significant people, ideas and events of world history, 1000 AD to present.

A Dictionary of Literary Symbols [CREDO Reference], Cambridge University Press, 2003.  

Print edition also available, Main Level, Reference: R 809.915 F373D [2000 ed.]   

The first dictionary of symbols to be based on literature, rather than "universal" psychological archetypes, myths, or esoterica. Concentrates on English literature, but its entries range widely from the Bible and classical authors to the twentieth century, taking in American and European literatures. 

Encyclopedia of Medieval Literature [CREDO Reference], Robert Thomas Lambdin and Laura Cooner Lambdin, eds. Greenwood Press, 2000.

While the volume is devoted primarily to the literature of medieval England, its multicultural scope also encompasses Islamic, Mongolian, Celtic, Hispanic, Italian, Russian, and Germanic works.

The Readers Companion to Military History [CREDO Reference], Houghton Mifflin, 1996.

Includes major events and battles, commanders and theorists, weaponry and technological advances, and strategy and tactics. Covers Asian, African, and South American history as well as that of Europe and North America with the latest in contemporary scholarship.


Gale Virtual Reference Library
back to top


Search the entire GVRL collection of dictionaries, encyclopedias and companions or click and search relevant individual titles below:

Gale Contextual Encyclopedia of World Literature, Gale, 2009.

Renaissance: an Encyclopedia for Students, Gale, 2004.

Oxford Reference Online back to top



Search the entire Oxford collection of dictionaries, encyclopedias and companions or click and search relevant individual titles below:

Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable[Oxford Reference Online], Oxford University Press, 2006.

Explores the stories behind names and sayings that can be found in classic literature or today's news.

A Dictionary of World History [Oxford Reference Online], Oxford University Press, 2007.

Includes biographies of key figures in world history, historical summaries for each country, and entries on religious and political movements, international organizations, and key battles and places from pre-history to the present.

Oxford Companion to Military History [Oxford Reference Online], Oxford University Press, 2004.

Essential guide to how the world has been shaped by conflict. Entries on key topics such as intelligence, propaganda, tactics, women in the military, and peacekeeping are included, with over 70 maps showing the course of famous battles and campaigns.


Gran Enciclopedia Planeta

[Spanish Reference Center, PlanetaSaber, Britannica]
A comprehensive Spanish-language encyclopedia featuring 145,000 articles plus timelines, an atlas, and a dictionary.


The Catholic Encyclopedia [New Advent]

Search or browse alphabetically. Entry for SPAIN includes detailed history section. Differs from the general encyclopedia in omitting facts and information which have no relation to the Church. On the other hand, it is not exclusively a church encyclopedia, nor is it limited to the ecclesiastical sciences and the doings of churchmen. It records all that Catholics have done, not only in behalf of charity and morals, but also for the intellectual and artistic development of mankind.

Citation Style back to top

Humanities: Documenting Sources [Research and Documentation Online], Bedford/St. Martins, 2003.

Online MLA style manual with guidelines and examples.

MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th edition, Modern Language Association, 2009.
Main Level, Reference: R 808.027 M72M [2 copies, Reference Desk & Reference Collection ]

Writing Center, Presbyterian College
Citation styles, writing guides, and scheduling an appointment with a tutor.

Locating Books  
THOMCAT back to top

Use the online catalog to locate books in Thomason Library. You can search by author, title, keyword, or subject.

  • Search for a person, as AUTHOR or SUBJECT, with last name, then first name:              
  Cervantes [as AUTHOR]
  Cervantes [as SUBJECT]

  • SUBJECT searching requires use of Library of Congress subject headings. The terms below are examples of subject headings related to Spain and chivalry:

THOMCAT Materials by Subject:


Cervantes, Saavedra Miguel De 1547-1616 - Don Quixote

  Chivalry in Literature

Cid, ca. 1043-1099


Don Quixote

  Epic literature-Romance
  Knights and Knighthood-Europe
  Literature Medieval  
  Romance Poetry-Spain  
  Spain-Civilization-Islamic Influences  
  Spain - History- 711-1516

Spanish Literature To 1500-History And Criticism

  Spanish poetry To 1500

Follow the "PASCAL icon links" in THOMCAT to "pass-through" to the PASCAL Catalog

PASCAL Books available by Subject:
  Chivalry in Literature
  Chivalry- Spain - Castile
  Knights and Knighthood-Spain
  Romance Literature

Note: PASCAL results may have duplicate titles as well as
eBooks that are not available for loan.

Subject searching is an effective and precise method of searching the catalog, however, KEYWORD searching has benefits, also.

  • Try a KEYWORD search if you are unsure of the exact title or the correct subject heading to use. Search using two or three of the most significant words from the title or subject you are trying to find. Place phrases in "quotation marks."

  • Connect words with AND, OR, NOT to focus your search.

  • Try truncation at the end of a word stem to retrieve singular, plural, and other variations of the word.  Use an asterisk (*) to truncate from 1 to 5 characters. Use a double asterisk (**) to include word endings with an unlimited number of characters.
KEYWORD Searching Tips

· Use AND between words to narrow your search:
Don Quixote
AND honor

· Add * to the root of a word to truncate

or expand a term up to 5 letters ( ** for unlimited):
character** = characters, characteristics,

· Use OR between words with similar meanings
to expand your search and
group those words with parentheses:
(poema de mio Cid OR poem of the Cid)

AND Cervantes

Try KEYWORD searching with THOMCAT, other library catalogs, & library databases.


Another option for finding books in Thomason Library is to

browse the shelves on the Upper Level:






Spanish & Portuguese literatures
  Early to 1400
  Golden age, 1554-1700
  1800- present

  Works in and/or about Iberian dialects other than Castilian,     Catalan, and Portuguese


Europe, geography and travel

General history of Europe's Iberian Peninsula & adjacent islands



eBook Collections   back to top  




New eBook Collection!

ebrary Academic Complete

Search this collection of over 70,000 academic ebooks from 500 publishers. ebrary tutorials demonstrating download and search functionality are available on the library website. These ebrary books can be highlighted!! Check it out!



EBSCO eBook Collection 
Formerly NetLibrary, this large collection of electronic books covers a vast array of topics and themes. Search the familliar EBSCOhost platform using keywords related to your subject.

  • From your search results you can view the Table of Contents with links to chapters of the book.
  • You may want to search the entire content of the book for specific keywords or phrases: once you've opened the full-text of a book, you can click on the magnifying glass TOOL located on the right column and enter keywords or phrases.


Reserve List for Spanish 333   back to top

When this class is offered, materials may placed on Reserve at the Circulation Desk for short-term use in the Library.


PASCAL Catalog   back to top

If you need books in addition to those found at Thomason Library, search this combined catalog of college & university libraries in South Carolina. Through PASCAL Delivers you can order books online for delivery within 3-5 working days.


PASCAL Catalog searching is similar to searching in THOMCAT. An added BONUS in THOMCAT is a
pass-through from search results in THOMCAT
to the same search results in PASCAL with one click on the PASCAL icon like the red box on the right.

The pass through is available on any search at any level!

  • A PC book you need is checked out? Click the PASCAL icon for other copies available in SC.

  • Need more items on a subject? PASCAL items on that subject are just a click away. See examples of subject headings above.
PASCAL Delivers SC's virtual academic library

This service for current PC students, faculty, and staff is a project of PASCAL- Partnership Among SC Academic Libraries. Borrowers will be notified by e-mail when requested items arrive at Thomason Library. Click here for searching and ordering tips.


A catalog of books and materials at libraries worldwide. Try searching here to find ALL books available on a topic. Materials available at Thomason Library are highlighted and others can be borrowed through ILL or searched in the PASCAL Catalog.

Interlibrary Loan


You need to use Interlibrary Loan when:

  • a book you really need is not available at PC or through PASCAL Delivers
  • an article you need is not available at PC [you've already checked Journal Finder to see if the library has access to the journal for the date that you need]

ILL is available to PC students, faculty and staff. Click ILL link for instructions.

Locating Articles, Images  
Article Databases back to top


EBSCOhost Databases

Several databases relevant to topics in this course are available through the familliar EBSCO platform:

Academic Search Premier  [all subjects]

Academic Search Premier - Humanities [language, literature, history] subset of ASP full text, peer-reviewed humanities journals

ATLA [religion] supports religious and theological scholarship

MLA-Modern Language Association
[literature and language] Indexes critical literary and language scholarship and provides access to journals and serials published worldwide, as well as books, essay collections, working papers, proceedings, dissertations, and bibliographies. Nearly 45,000 records are added annually.

Military and Government Collection

pertaining to all branches of the military and government, this database offers a thorough collection of periodicals, academic journals, and other content

EBSCO eBook Collection [formerly NetLibrary]

ERIC [education] published and unpublished sources on thousands of educational topics




A world leader in providing country specific geopolitical intelligence on each of the 192 countries of the world.  Choose Spain or Spain/The Basques. Includes  overviews of Country, Politics, Economy, Investment, Social, & Environment.  Also Status of Women (Social), Defense Forces (Political), Culture & Arts (Social), and Cultural Etiquette (Social).



Gale Biography in Context [Thomson Gale]

Search for a person by name or search for people who fit a profile based on personal facts such as birth and death year, nationality, ethnicity, occupation or gender, or combine criteria to create a highly-targeted custom search. Includes biography and full-text articles from hundreds of periodicals.



Miguel de Cervantes
Gale Biography in Context

An archive of over 350 full-text journals which can be searched at this site. Other PC databases link to JSTOR articles through Journal Finder, which guides the user to full-text articles. As an archive, JSTOR does not provide the most current three to five years of the journals as specified by the publishers in their agreements with JSTOR.

Try your search in JSTOR using any of these variations of the title:

"poema de mio cid" OR "poema de myo cid" OR "poema del el cid" OR "poem of el cid" OR "poem of the cid"

Literature Resource Center

Online access to reference works Contemporary Authors, Dictionary of Literary Biography,  Contemporary Literary Criticism Select, and full-text articles from more than 250 literary journals


Project MUSE Basic Undergraduate Collection 
Current and recent volumes of 112 core journals in the humanities and social sciences.


Image Databases   back to top


Comprised of approximately 300,000 digital images of visual material from different time-periods, cultures, and disciplines derived from several source collections that are the product of collaborations with libraries, museums, photographic archives, publishers, slide libraries, and individual scholars.

The Bridgeman Art Library Archive [CREDO Reference], Bridgeman, 2005.
An outstanding archive of images drawn from collections throughout the world. Every subject, concept, style and medium is represented, from the masterpieces of national museums to the hidden treasures of private collections. Fine art is just one of the sources of images; design, antiques, maps, architecture, furniture, glass, ceramics, anthropological artefacts and many others also feature in the collection.

CAMIO (Catalog of Art Museum Images Online) [OCLC]

Contains images of fine art and decorative art from pre-history through contemporary times. Works of art may be used for educational and research purposes during the term of the subscription, if they are properly credited. Images may not be published or otherwise distributed.



Don Quixote and Sancho, detail,
Alexandre Gabriel Decamps,
19th century oil on canvas,
Musee des Beaux-Arts, Pau, France

Bridgeman Art Library Archive


Journal Finder back to top

Journal Finder provides access to PC's electronic and print journals,

magazines, and newspapers in one convenient location.

Your search results in PC article databases contain many direct links to article full-text.

If no direct links are shown, follow the
"Check Journal Finder"
link to find full-text (follow steps 1-6 below).



Example of an article citation:

Chitra Ragavan, Terror on the streets,

U.S. News & World Report 137.21 [vol.issue]
(Dec 13, 2004): p 20.



If you already have a citation and are trying to find the article, click the link below and follow the steps to determine whether full-text is available for the article you need:

  1. Note the date of the journal issue you need before following Journal Finder link.
  2. Default search is Journals by Title in Full Text. Type the title of the journal or magazine in the empty box (example:U.S. News & World Report).
  3. You may need to select your title from the results. Click on the title you seek.
  4. Results for your title include up to three categories: Full Text Resources in your library (in print), Full Text Resources Online, and Indexing Only (not full text).
  5. Note the dates available for that journal. If "Full Text Online" is not available, look under "Full Text in your Library" - we may have what you need in print.
  6. Choose, year and issue OR volume and issue, then look through contents of that issue for the article you need. Articles are usually listed in page number order and are available in HTML or PDF format.


Internet Resources  
General sites back to top

Cervantes Project [Eduardo Urbina, Cushing Mem. Library, Texas A & M University]

Includes the Don Quixote Iconography Digital Archive and Electronic Variorum- access to all the significant early editions of Don Quixote.

Cervantes Society of America

Publishes Cervantes: Bulletin of the Cervantes Society of America with full-text articles at this link.

Don Quixote de la Mancha Exhibit [Johns Hopkins University]


Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra [Centro de Estudios Cervantinos, Universidad de Alcala]
Este web está dedicado por entero a la figura de Cervantes. Aquí encontrará distintos aspectos de la vida y obra de este insigne escritor español.

Project Gutenberg
Don Quixote

El Cid

Works of Miguel de Cervantes [Fred Jehle, Indiana U/Purdue U- Ft Wayne]

Based on the 18 volume edition published by Rodolfo Schevill and Adolfo Bonilla


Special Collections in Libraries, Organizations

back to top

Centro Virtual Cervantes

Includes links to full text resources related to the novel and provides access to its digital edition published by the Cervantes Institute and edited by Francisco Rico.

Eurodocs: Spain  

Includes historical Collections like Medieval Spain and The Spanish Golden Age which has links to Early Modern Spain a database of research on the literature, culture and history of the Spanish Golden Age. Includes electronic text transcriptions of publications by historical figures such as Columbus and Cervantes.

Hispanic Collections  [The British Library, London]
"The aim of the Section is to acquire and make available selected publications in the humanities and social sciences at research level from Spain, Portugal, Latin America, the Spanish-speaking Caribbean and the former Hispanic territories in Asia and Africa."
description from site

Hispanic Division: Library of Congress 

"The Hispanic and Portuguese collections encompass research materials related to the societies (histories, cultures, languages) of the Iberian peninsula, Latin America and the Caribbean, and those areas where Spain and Portugal ruled--Angola and Mozambique, Damão, Goa, Diu, Philippines, Macao, and parts of the United States that were once Spanish territory."

Hispanic Society of America

The HSA collections include the 1605 & 1615 first editions of Cervantes Don Quixote and many subsequent editions and translations of the work. The founder of the HSA, Archer M. Huntington, translated the epic poem, Cantar de Mio Cid between 1897-1903.

Internet History Sourcebook: Iberia [Paul Halsall, Fordham University, IHS Project]

The National Library of Spain

Explore culture, virtual expositions, and more.See the Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes.

Perry Castaneda Library Map Collection: Spain [University of Texas-Austin]

Current and historical maps of Spain.


Get Help back to top
Stop by the
Reference Desk

Teresa Inman 833-8313
Dan Lee 833-8437


Hours: 8.30 am - 10 pm for research questions & assistance. Personal appointments also available.

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