James H. Thomason Library

Spanish 258/458: Literature & History of Spain-Unity & Diversity

Art 258: Art and Architecture in Spain

Background Info: Encyclopedias, etc.

Roman Aqueduct, Segovia, Spain,
early 1st-2nd century A.D.,
ArtStor image database

    Art & Architecture
    History & Culture
Locating Books
    PASCAL Catalog
    on Reserve
    Interlibrary Loan
Locating Articles
    Article Databases
    Journal Finder
Locating Media materials
    DVD, VHS, CDs

Image Sources

Web Sites
  General Sites

denotes recommended resource
denotes library subscription

back to Library Guides

Background Information:  Encyclopedias and more  
Art & Architecture   back to top

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture  [Oxford Reference Online], Oxford University Press, 2006.

Dictionary of Art, Grove's Dictionaries, 1996.

Main Level, Reference: R 703 D561D [34 vols]

A Global History of Architecture, Wiley, 2007.

Main Level, Reference: R 720.9 C441G

Illustrated Dictionary of Historic Architecture, Dover Publications, 1983, c1977.

Main Level, Reference: R 720.321 H629I

Gran Enciclopedia Planeta  [Spanish Reference Center, PlanetaSaber, Britannica]
A comprehensive Spanish-language encyclopedia featuring 145,000 articles plus timelines, an atlas, and a dictionary.

The World Atlas of Architecture, G.K. Hall, c1984.
Main Level, Reference:
R 720.9 W893W

Circulating books:

Manet/Velázquez: The French Taste for Spanish Painting, Yale University Press, c2003.

Lower Level: 759.4074 T497M

Paintings of the Prado, Buendia, Jose Rogelio, Bulfinch Press, c1994.

Lower Level: 750.74 P166P

Picasso Drawings, distributed by World Pub. Co., Cleveland, 1967.

Lower Level: 741.946 L596P

Picasso's Guernica: History, Transformations, Meanings, University of California Press, c1988.

Lower Level: 759.4 C444P

The Unity of Picasso's Art, George Braziller, 2000.

Lower Level: 709.2 Sch16U

The Word Made Image: Religion, Art, and Architecture in Spain and Spanish America, 1500-1600, published by the Trustees of the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, c1998.

Lower Level: 700.482 W891W


History & Culture   back to top

Cassell's Peoples, Nations, Cultures
[CREDO Reference], Orion Publishing Group, 2005.

A guide to the myriad discrete ethnic and cultural groupings that have inhabited our planet over the past 6000 years. It presents - in a simple and easy-to-follow A to Z structure within five regionally based sections (The Americas, Africa, Europe, South and Central Asia and the Middle East, and East and Southeast Asia and Oceania) - clear, concise and readable histories of a significant number of peoples, nations and cultures: from the Assyrians of the ancient Middle East to the modern-day Armenians, from the Belgae of ancient Europe to the modern-day Basques.


Book Cover

Chambers Dictionary of World History [CREDO Reference], Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd., 2005.
Authoritative coverage of the most significant people, ideas and events of world history, 1000 AD to present.

Chronology of the Ancient World, 10,000 BC-799 AD, Simon & Schuster, 1994.
Main Level, Reference: R 909.002 M487C v.1

Chronology of the Medieval World, 800-1491, Simon & Schuster, 1994.
Main Level, Reference: R 909.002 M487C v.2

Diccionario de Historia Eclesiástica de España, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 1972-1987.

Main Level, Reference: R 282.46 D547D [3 vols]

Spanish church history

A Dictionary of World History [Oxford Reference Online], Oxford University Press, 2006.

Includes biographies of key figures in world history, historical summaries for each country, and entries on religious and political movements, international organizations, and key battles and places from pre-history to the present.


Encyclopedia of Contemporary Spanish Culture, Routledge, 1999.

Main Level, Reference: R 946.082 En19E


Encyclopedia of the Byzantine Empire, McFarland & Co., 2004.
Main Level, Reference: R 949.502 L423E

Includes maps of the Empire at various stages and photographs of Byzantine buildings and art. The Introduction has info on Spain between 370 and 1492 and entries give additional info on the dynasties in power during this period.

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages, Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 2000.
Main Level, Reference: R 909.07 En19E [2 vols]


Encyclopedia of the Renaissance, Scribner's published in association with the Renaissance Society of America, c1999.

Main Level, Reference: R 940.21 En19E [6 vols]

Check index in volume 6 for information on Spain.

New title! Encyclopedia of Society and Culture in the Medieval World, Facts on File, 2008.

Main Level, Reference:  R 909.07 En19E2 [4 vols]

"Comprehensive A-Z coverage spanning time from the fall of Rome in 476 to the start of the Renaissance in 1500. Each entry includes a discussion of the topic from the perspective of the following centers of civilization: Africa, The Americas, Asia and the Pacific, Europe, and The Islamic World."

Encyclopedia of World Cultures, G.K. Hall, 1991-1996.
Main Level, Reference:
R 306.097 En19E v.4  [10 vols]

Based on research of social scientists, a great source for historical, social, political, economic, linguistic, religious, and other information on virtually every existing culture. Volume 4, EUROPE provides extensive info on the Andalusians, Basques, Castilians, Catalans, Galicians, Leonese, and Pasiegos of Spain.

Gran Enciclopedia Planeta [Spanish Reference Center, PlanetaSaber, Britannica]
A comprehensive Spanish-language encyclopedia featuring 145,000 articles plus timelines, an atlas, and a dictionary.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Spain, 1700-1988, Greenwood Press, 1990.
Main Level, Reference:
R 946.003 H629H

Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World Dictionary [CREDO Reference], Omnigraphics, Inc., 2005.
Revised and expanded, this compendium describes holidays, festivals, commemorations, holy days, feasts and fasts, and other observances from all parts of the world including ethnic, religious, and historic events of international, national, regional, and local significance.

Late Antiquity: A Guide to the Postclassical World [CREDO Reference], Harvard University Press, 1999.
Also available in print, Main Level, Reference: R 938.003 L343L

Comprehensive essays and encyclopedic entries on the history and culture of an era marked by the rise of two world religions, unprecedented political upheavals that remade the map of the known world, and the creation of art of enduring glory.

New Dictionary of the History of Ideas [GVRL], Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2005.
Also available in print, Main Level, Reference:  R 903 N42N [6 vols]



Book Cover

Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures & Daily Life: Europe; Gale, c1998.

Main Level, Reference: R 305.8003 W893W  vol. 4

Focuses on the traditions, living conditions, and personalities of many of the world’s culture groups. Entries emphasize how people live today, rather than how they lived in the past. Each group’s entry covers location, language, folklore, religion, major holidays, rites of passage, interpersonal relations, living conditions, family life, clothing, food, education, cultural heritage, work, sports, entertainment & recreation, folk arts, crafts, & hobbies, social problems, and a bibliography of references used to compile the article.

Circulating books:

Iberia: Spanish Travels and Reflections, Michener, James A., Random House [1968].

Upper Level: 914.60482 M582I

Let's go Spain & Portugal including Morocco 2002, Brigard, George B. R., ed.,  St. Martin's Press, c2002.
Upper Level: 914.6 L569L

The Medieval Spains, Reilly, Bernard F., Cambridge University Press, 2001, c1993.

Upper Level: 946.02 R273M

The Ornament of the World: How Muslims, Jews, and Christians Created a Culture of Tolerance in Medieval Spain, Menocal, Maria Rosa, Back Bay Books, Little, Brown, [2003?], c2002.

Upper Level: 946.01 M527O



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The Cambridge History of Spanish Literature  [Cambridge Histories Online], Cambridge University Press, 2004.

This first comprehensive history of Spanish literature to be published in English since the 1970s brings together experts from the USA, the United Kingdom, and Spain. Together, the essays cover the full range of Spanish poetry, prose, and theatre from the early Middle Ages to the present day. The classics of the canon of eleven centuries of Spanish literature are covered, from Berceo, Cervantes and Calderón to García Lorca and Martín Gaite, but attention is also paid to lesserknown writers and works. The chapters chart a wide range of literary periods and movements. The volume concludes with a consideration of the influences of film and new media on modern Spanish literature. This invaluable book contains an introduction, more than fifty substantial chapters, a chronology (covering key events in history, literature, and art), a bibliography, and a comprehensive index for easy reference. description from Cambridge Histories Online

Also available in print: Upper Level: 860.9 C144C




Cervantes Encyclopedia, Greenwood Press, c2004.

Main Level, Reference: R 863.3 M312C [2 vols]

Diccionario de Argumentos de la Literatura Universal, Editorial Gredos, 1994.

Main Level, Reference: R 803 F889D


Gale Contextual Encyclopedia of World Literature   [Gale Virtual Reference Library],  Gale Pub., 2009.

Covers world authors from many periods and genres, building an understanding of the various contexts -- from the biographical to the literary to the historical -- in which literature can be viewed. Identifies the significant literary devices and global themes that define a writer's style and place the author in a larger literary tradition as chronicled and evaluated by critics over time. (publisher's description).


Hispanic Literature Criticism, Gale Research, c1994.

Main Level, Reference: R H860.9 H625H [2 vols]

Criticism of Spanish and Spanish-American authors’ work.

Hispanic Literature Criticism Supplement, Gale Group, c1999.

Main Level, Reference: H860.9 H625H suppl [2vols]

Additional criticism of Spanish and Spanish-American authors’ work. 

Hispanic Writers: A Selection of Sketches from Contemporary Authors, Gale Research, c1991.
Main Level, Reference: R H860.9 H625H2

The New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics [CREDO Reference], Princeton University Press, 1993.

A comprehensive reference work dealing with all aspects of poetry: its history, types, movements, prosody, and critical terminology.  This source provides a nice overview of Spanish poetry and poetics through time.

The Oxford Companion to Spanish Literature, Clarendon Press, 1978.

Main Level, Reference: 860.3 Ox2O

Gran Enciclopedia Planeta  [Spanish Reference Center, PlanetaSaber, Britannica]
A comprehensive Spanish-language encyclopedia featuring 145,000 articles plus timelines, an atlas, and a dictionary.


Maps   back to top


Atlas of the Greek and Roman World in Antiquity, Noyes Press, 1981.
Main Level, Atlas Case: ATLAS 912.38 At65A

Atlas of the Early Christian World, Nelson, 1958.
Main Level, Atlas Case: ATLAS 911 M471A  

The Collins World Atlas Gazetteer [CREDO Reference], Collins Bartholomew Ltd 2003.

Features 90,000 locations worldwide. The maps are highly accessible & accurate.

Cultural Atlas of Islam, Macmillan, 1986.
Upper Level, Circulating Collection: 909.097671 Al1C



Index of Cartographic Images [Henry Davis Consulting]
Provided as an educational service by Henry Davis Consulting.

Image on right from: Index of Early Medieval Period 400-1300 AD, Isidore of Seville's tripartite world map, 472 AD
[the first printed map in Europe]


Historical Atlas of Europe [Euratlas]
Contains 21 maps, drawn by Christos Nüssli, available in French and English. Includes major states, provinces and tribes of europe at the end of each century from AD 1 to AD 2000.

World Maps [Oxford Reference Online], Oxford University Press, c2004.

Locator, physical and political maps for each country with some city maps.

Locating Books    
THOMCAT   back to top

Use the online catalog to locate books in Thomason Library. You can search by author, title, keyword, or subject.

  • Search for a person, as AUTHOR or SUBJECT, with last name, first name:              

Cervantes, Saavedra Miguel de 1457-1616 [as AUTHOR]

  • SUBJECT searching requires use of Library of Congress subject headings. The terms below are examples of subject headings related to Spanish art, culture, history or literature:
THOMCAT Subjects
  Spain in Literature  
  Spanish Literature  
  Folk literature, Spanish  
  Goya, Francisco 1746-1828  
  • Materials relevant to the study of Spain may also be found by specifying the era or dates, geographic area, or the material type in which you are interested:

Subject searching is an effective and precise method of searching the catalog,

however, KEYWORD searching has benefits, also.

  • Try a KEYWORD search if you are unsure of the exact title or the correct subject heading to use. Search using two or three of the most significant words from the title or subject you are trying to find. Place phrases in "quotation marks."

  • Connect words with AND, OR, NOT to focus your search.
  • Try truncation at the end of a word stem to retrieve singular, plural, and other variations of the word.  Use an asterisk (*) to truncate from 1 to 5 characters. Use a double asterisk (**) to include word endings with an unlimited number of characters.
KEYWORD Searching Tips

· Use AND between words to narrow your search:
Islam AND Spain

· Use OR between synonyms to expand your search and
group those terms with parentheses:
* OR Muslim) AND (Spain OR Iberia*)

· Add * to the root of a word to truncate or
expand a term:
Visigoth* = Visigoth, Visigoths
, Visigothic

· Use "quotation marks " around a phrase

to find the exact phrase:
"Franco Regime"

Try KEYWORD searching with THOMCAT, other library catalogs & library databases



PASCAL CATALOG   back to top

When you need books in addition to those found at Thomason Library, try your search here for books in other academic libraries in SC.


PASCAL Catalog searching is similar to searching in THOMCAT. An added BONUS in THOMCAT is a pass-through from search results in THOMCAT to the same search results in PASCAL with one click on the PASCAL icon.

The pass through is available on any search at any level.

  • A PC book you need is checked out? Click the PASCAL icon for other copies available in SC.

  • Need more items on a subject? PASCAL items on that subject are just a click away.

PASCAL Delivers SC's virtual academic library

Through PASCAL Delivers, you can order books online for delivery within 3-4 working days.

This service for current PC students, faculty, and staff is a project of PASCAL- Partnership Among SC Academic Libraries. Borrowers will be notified by e-mail when requested items arrive at Thomason Library. Click here for searching and ordering tips.


WorldCat   back to top

A catalog of books and materials at libraries worldwide. Try searching here to find ALL books on a topic. Materials available at Thomason Library are highlighted and others can be borrowed through Interlibrary Loan or PASCAL Delivers.


Interlibrary Loan   back to top

You need to use Interlibrary Loan when...

  • a book you really need is not available at PC or through PASCAL Delivers
  • an article you need is not available at PC [you've checked Journal Finder to see if the library has access to the journal for the date that you need]

Interlibrary Loan is another option available to PC students, faculty and staff. Click link for instructions.

Locating Articles  
Article Databases   back to top

The following journal databases are available to PC students, faculty, and staff from on- and off-campus locations.  When passworded from off-campus locations, supply your PC e-mail account username [i.e. tinman] and password. Search databases using terms dealing with your topic.

 Academic Search Complete  [EBSCOhost]
Scholarly, multi-disciplinary full-text database, with more than 8,500 full-text periodicals, including more than 7,300 peer-reviewed journals.

Arts & Sciences Collections I, II, & III contain an archive of over 350 full-text journals which are searchable through JSTOR or accessible through Journal Finder. The collections include journals in art, architecture, economics, film, folklore, history, performing arts, political science, religion, sociology, humanities, mathematics, and statistics. JSTOR is a journal archive with complete runs of journals up to three years ago. Current issues are not available in JSTOR, but may be in other databases.

MLA International Bibliography

Indexes literature, language, linguistics, and folklore journals.

Project Muse

Contains current and recent volumes of 111 core journals in the humanities and social sciences.


Journal Finder   back to top

Journal Finder provides access to PC's electronic and print journals,

magazines, and newspapers in one convenient location.

Browse Journal Finder by title or subject.

When browsing or searching, you can read articles from any journal that is available in the Full-text resources online group of results. Choose a database in this group based on the dates available and the time frame in which you are interested.

Locating Media Materials  
DVD, VHS, CDs: Music & Movies Room, Lower Level   back to top

Search THOMCAT using the DVD/Video TAB or the CD Music TAB to find different media formats:

  • When searching for visual or film materials, choose the DVD/Video TAB in THOMCAT, enter search keyword(s), then choose DVD or VHS (you cannot search both at the same time under this TAB).

DVD Examples (Click on the call # link for more information on item)

Cities of Light: The Rise and Fall of Islamic Spain,

Unity Productions Foundation, [2007?].


Music & Movies Room, Lower Level: DVD 946.02 C498C

Cities of Light on YouTube 116 min


The Disintegration of Andalusi Spain and the Christian Advance, Films for the Humanities & Sciences, c2005.

Music & Movies Room, Lower Level: DVD 946.02 D631D

History; 53 min


Destination Spain, WETA, Pilot Productions, [c2002].

Music & Movies Room, Lower Level: DVD 914.6 D474D

120 min

Dining and Traveling in Spain, Paella and more, Films for the Humanities and Sciences, c2004.

Music & Movies Room, Lower Level: DVD 468 D615D

17 min


Discoveries-Spain: Castles, Cathedrals & Roman Ruins, Bennett-Watt HD Productions, 2003.

Music & Movies Room, Lower Level: DVD 946 D631D

60 min


Franco, Franco, Franco, Films for the Humanities & Sciences, 2005.

Music & Movies Room, Lower Level: DVD 946.082 F848F

64 min


La Guerra Civil Española, S.A.V. Editora, [2000?].

Music & Movies Room, Lower Level: DVD 946.081 G937G
55 min

VHS Examples

Christians, Jews, and Moslems in Medieval Spain, Films for the Humanities, c1989.

Music & Movies Room, Lower Level: VIDEO 946.02 C462C

52 min

El Greco: Spirit of Toledo, Home Vision [distributor], c1982.

Music & Movies Room, Lower Level: VIDEO 759.6 G799G

30 min.

Fodor's Spain, Travel World Video, c1992.

Music & Movies Room, Lower Level: VIDEO 914.6 F683F + guidebook

Madrid, Barcelona, Toledo, Granada and Seville. 90 min

Francisco Franco, Films for the Humanities & Sciences, c1996.

Music & Movies Room, Lower Level: VIDEO B F848F

Describes Franco's rise to power, his long career as head of the Spanish government, and his great influence on world affairs. 25 min

Gregorian Chant, Marcus Productions : KQED Video [distributor], 1995.

Music & Movies Room, Lower Level: VIDEO 782.3222 G861G2

Music and architecture of Spanish churches

Islamic Spain, Babbitt Instructional Resources c2001.

Music & Movies Room, Lower Level: VIDEO 946.02 Is4I

38 min

Miró, Theatre of Dreams, Home Vision [distributor], c1978.

Music & Movies Room, Lower Level: VIDEO 759.6 M678M

60 min. Painters -- Spain -- Biography


La Cueva de Altamira, Films for the Humanities & Sciences, Inc., 1993.

Music & Movies Room, Lower Level: VIDEO 914.6 C894C [3 vols]

History and description on the Altamira Cave in Spain including its cave paintings and treasures.


Picasso and His Time, Films for the Humanities & Sciences, c1994.

Music & Movies Room, Lower Level: VIDEO 759.6 P581P

The Soul of Spain, National Geographic, 1991. 

Music & Movies Room, Lower Level: VIDEO 914.6 So83S

60 min

Spain: A Bird's Eye View, Babbitt Instructional Resources, c1995.

Music & Movies Room, Lower Level: VIDEO 946 Sp15S + 2 guidebooks

60 min

Spain: The Moorish Influence, Encyclopaedia Britannica Educational Corporation, 1989.

Music & Movies Room, Lower Level: VIDEO 946 Sp15S

28 min

Spain: Toledo and Madrid, Seville and Andalusia, Questar, [1997], c1993

Music & Movies Room, Lower Level: VIDEO 914.6 Sp15S2

with Rick Steves 52 min

  • When searching for recorded music, choose the Music CD TAB in THOMCAT and enter search keywords. You can find a recorded song by entering the title.

CD Examples

Spanish Gardens, Benedetti & Svoboda, Domo, c1999.

Music & Movies Room, Lower Level:
CD 787.87 B434S


Viva Sevilla, Alhama , Miramar, p1995.

Music & Movies Room, Lower Level:
CD 789.2 Al39V



Image Sources   back to top



King Phillip IV of Spain in hunting costume, Francisco Goya, red chalk on paper, Hamburg, Germany

Bridgeman Art Library Archive




Comprised of approximately 300,000 digital images of visual material from different time-periods, cultures, and disciplines derived from several source collections that are the product of collaborations with libraries, museums, photographic archives, publishers, slide libraries, and individual scholars. 

Bridgeman Art Library Archive [CREDO Reference] An archive of images drawn from collections throughout the world.

CAMIO (Catalog of Art Museum Images Online) [OCLC]

Contains fine art and decorative art from pre-history through contemporary works. All content is rights-cleared for educational use in the classroom or to illustrate papers, Web projects and other assignments.

Museo Nacional del Prado [Madrid]

The Online Exhibit currently provides a basic and an advanced search [by artist, title of work, subject, chronology or by reference number] of 2,000 works in the museum collection which will grow until the entire collection is online. [available in Spanish and English]

Web Sites  
General Sites   back to top

See also other PC Library Guides

Spanish Civil War [1936-1939]

Byzantine Empire [330-1453 AD]

Background Notes [Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State]

Country Specific Information: Spain & Andorra

Includes travel warnings, alerts, and travel info for students.

Don Quijote Spanish Language Schools 

Spanish history

Spanish version

EuroDocs [Brigham Young University]

Online sources for European history including selected transcriptions, facsimiles and translations. Organized by era and country.

The European Voyages of Exploration: The 15th and 16th Centuries [The Applied History Research Group, University of Calgary]

A multimedia tutorial focuses on Spain and Portugal's explorations and conquests in Asia, Africa, the Atlantic, the Caribbean, and the Americas. The economic, political, and cultural circumstances that contributed to exploration, short histories of the two countries, maps, discussions of collateral issues (e.g., slavery, navigation, religion), and an article about Columbus are included. description from lii.org


Guernica: Testimony of War [PBS]
Site devoted to Pablo Picasso's Guernica, commissioned for the Spanish Pavillion of the 1937 World's Fair. Includes a timeline, and information on the Spanish Civil War, Franco, and the bombing of Guernica, Spain. Also explores the symbolism and artistic process behind the creation of the mural. From the PBS site Treasures of the World. description from lii.org

Iberian Studies Web  [Western European Studies Section, Association of College & Research Libraries, ALA]

Quality scholarly resources in Iberian Studies (for Spain, Portugal and Andorra) selected by librarians.

Instituto Nacional de Estadistica

National statistics


Islamic Spain 711-1492 [BBC]

Informative site with audio file and related links.

Internet History Sourcebooks Project [Paul Halsall, Fordham University]

Choose time periods below or subsidary regional/topical sourcebooks.

Ancient History                     

Byzantine & Medieval Studies-links not updated recently





The Soldier and the Maiden, Goya, oil on canvas, Museo del Prado

ARTstor Image Database


Links to the Inquisition [Department of Special Collections, University of Notre Dame]

An annotated collection of links on the medieval repression of heresy, including material on the infamous Spanish Inquisition. A timeline is included. description from lii.org

Museo Nacional de Arqueología [National Archaeological Museum, Madrid]

Shares a building with the National Library. Contains a replica of the Altimara Cave [Paleolithic cave art, N. Spain] The museum has been undergoing remodeling 2008-09. Includes pre-historic, Celtic, Iberian, Greek and Roman antiquities and medieval objects. Wikipedia

Museo Nacional del Prado [Madrid]

This prestigious establishment which houses the grand masters of Spain, from Velasquez to Goya, and which receives two million visitors per year, has increased its temporary and permanent exhibition space by 50% with the completion of a renovation and addition in 2007. The Online Exhibit currently provides a basic and an advanced search [by artist, title of work, subject, chronology or by reference number] of 2,000 works in the museum collection which will grow until the entire collection is online. [available in Spanish and English]

The ORB: Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies [College of Staten Island, City University of New York]

An academic site, written and maintained by medieval scholars for the benefit of their fellow instructors and serious students. All articles have been judged by at least two peer reviewers. Authors are held to high standards of accuracy, currency, and relevance to the field of medieval studies. Includes primary sources, images, timelines, etc.

Parallel Histories: Spain, the United States and the American Frontier [Library of Congress and The National Library of Spain]

Reflecting the different perspectives of Spain and the United States, this site contains material which documents the history of Spanish expansion in North America through the South, the Southwest, and north to Alaska. Digital collections of texts, manuscripts, letters, maps, prints, photographs, films, and early edition books can be viewed online. Available in English and Spanish. description from lii.org


Voice of the Shuttle [Voice of the Shuttle, Alan Liu]
Anglo Saxon and Medieval History
The Middle East, Byzantium, & Crusades History

Voice of the Shuttle Literatures other than English: Spanish & Portuguese [Alan Liu]

World Digital Library [UNESCO]

Significant primary materials from countries and cultures around the world are free on the web in multilingual format at this site. Choose continent, then country. For Spain, the site has 18 items including the Journal of Magellan’s Voyage and the Columbus Manuscript describing the new lands he discovered.


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El Pais [Madrid]

Online versión of the largest daily newspaper in Spain including “noticias de última hora y en español sobre la actualidad nacional, internacional, economía, deportes, tecnología, cultura, sociedad, viajes y mucho más.” Some content may be limited to subscribers. In Spanish.

Recent issues also available in print on Main Level, Newspaper shelf

El Pais Semanal [Madrid]

The weekly Sunday magazine of El Pais newspaper. In Spanish.

Recent issues in print on Main Level, Newspaper shelf


El Mundo [Madrid]

Online version of the second largest daily newspaper in Spain. Maintains several news bureaus in outlying cities, with different editions printed for regions such as Andalusia, Valencia, Castile and Leon, and others. Free online access to articles. In Spanish.


Epoca Magazine

Weekly news magazine. In Spanish.


Foreign language news in Spanish, French, Dutch, Italian & German.


Radio Nacional de Espana

National Spanish radio site provides links to functions and information as well as radio programs. In Spanish.

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